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FUNCTION AND GRAPH

Chapter 1.2 PROPERTIES OF FUNCTION


Function
Lets assume we have a function :
Y = x
2

This function can be written as:
f(x) = x
2


Horizontal line
In graph will
represent
x axis and
Vertical line will
represent f(x)


Finding graph of a function
f(x) = x
2

Now, if
x = 0; thn f(0) = (0)
2
=0
x = 1; thn f(1) = (1)
2
=1
x = 2; thn f(2) = (2)
2
=4
x = 3; thn f(3) = (3)
2
=9
.
x = -1; thn f(-1) = (-1)
2
=1
x = -2; thn f(-2) = (-2)
2
=4
x = -3; thn f(-3) = (-3)
2
=9
..

Graph co-ordinates
So, the coordinates of x
2
are,
(x, f(x))
=(0,0), (1,1), (2,4), (3, 9), (-1,1), (-2,4), (-3, 9) as
far as u can go



DOMAIN
u can find out graph of any function u are given
using the method I just showed.
Assume a value of x and find out the value of f(x)
against tht value.

f(x) = x
2
x = 3; thn f(3) = (3)
2
=9
Here for a function like x
2
u can choose any value of x.
HOWEVER,,, some functions has limitation, u can not just put any
value for x.
For example :
How to find domain

f(x) =
Value of x MUST
BE POSITIVE;

f(x)=
Value of x MUST NOT
BE ZERO;
1. Value inside square-root must be POSITIVE
(cz square-root cant process negative numbers

2. Denominator must not be ZERO



Example:
Find the Domain of the following equations:
y
2
+ x
2
= 25
Solution:
y
2
+ x
2
= 25
y
2
= 25 - x
2
y = +

f(x)= | |


so,
25 - x
2
> 0

x
2
<25
x < +5

x < |5|

So value of x
will be equal
or less thn 5
and more thn -5


NOTE:
In calculus we write +a as |a|

So, |a| = a & -a

RULES:
|-a| = |a|

|ab| = |a| |b|

|a/b| = |a| / |b| (b must not be ZERO)

|a+b| < |a| + |b|

..continuation of previous slide
value of x will be equal to 5 or less thn 5 and
more thn -5 can e written as

-5<x<5

So,
f(x) = | | = & -

So you have to find f(5), f(4), f(3), f(2), f(1), f(0), f(-1), f(-2), f(-3), f(-4),
f(-5)
For both & -
DO YOURSELF

..continuation of previous slide
HINTS:
FOR,
FOR, -
find f(5), f(4), f(3), f(2), f(1), f(0), f(-1), f(-2), f(-3), f(-4), f(-5) For and
draw the graph AND
find f(5), f(4), f(3), f(2), f(1), f(0), f(-1), f(-2), f(-3), f(-4), f(-5) For - and
draw the graph
U can chk previous slide no 3 for more details
THE GRAPH OF THE MATH WILL LOOK
LIKE THIS:

Summary
Find f(x) from y
2
+ x
2
= 25
Which is f(x)= | |
Find domain of x which is -5<x<5
means , find f(x) for x = - 5, -4,-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
5

Which is f(-5), f(-4).f(0)..f(4), f(-5)
For both & -
And draw graph for each of them



DURING EXAM U WILL GET MAX 5 MINS TO COMPLETE ALL THESE STEPS
SO U NEED TO KNW THE properties of graphs..TO FINISH THIS MATH MORE
QUICKLY .

Properties of graph.
x , x
2
, x
3,
, 1/x, sin x, cos x, tanx,

All of them has different type of shapes whn u
convert them into graph.
JUST REMEMBER THIS SHAPES OF GRAPHS
ACCORDING TO THEIR EQUATIONS.

ONCE U SEE AN EQUATION, IF CAN REMEMER
THE PROPERTIES , U CAN IMAGINE HOW THE
GRAPH WILL LOOK LIKE..

SO JUST FIND DOMAIN & RANGE, put them into
the graph and draw the shape..u dnt hav to go to
every single coordinate to find the shape.


DOMAIN & RANGE
IF
f(x)=

THN, domain : -5<x<5

And range : f(-5) < f(x) <f(5)
HOMEWORK
Find domain range and graph for :
a.) y = 1/(x-5)
b) y = (1/x) -5
c) y
2
= x
2
-4
d) y = 9 - x
2

Tricky Example:
f(x) = (x
2
- 4) / (x-2)
f(x) = (x
2
- 4) / (x-2)
= (x - 2) (x+2) / (x-2)
= x + 2

so, f(x) = x+2
this is the tricky part.. u can put any value for x when f(x) = x+2;
BUT..
our main function is f(x) = (x
2
- 4) / (x-2)
HERE, x MUST NOT BE 2. cz if x = 2 thn denominator is is 2-2 = 0.
so... even though f(x) = x+2 , domain is any value of X except 2.
Example: DRAW THE GRAPH of f(x)
this math, there are 3 conditions of f(x)
according to the value x.
solution:
..continuation of previous slide
so...
f(-3) = 0
f (-2) = 0
f(-1) = 0
f(0) = 1
f( 1) = 0
f(2) =2
f(3) =3
f(4) = 4
....

TRY these at home
find the graph of
f(x) = tanx (hints: tanx =sinx/cosx ; so cosx must NOT be 0)

((hints: x-1 > 0 so, x > 1...so find out f(1),
f(2)..till f() f(5) or, f(6)