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SYAHIRAH BINTI KEREYA
PERSONAL
PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT
(PPE)
Personal protective equipment,
commonly referred to as "PPE", is
equipment worn to minimize exposure to
serious workplace injuries and illnesses.
These injuries and illnesses may result
from contact with chemical,
radiological, physical, electrical,
mechanical, or other workplace hazards.
Performing a "hazard assessment" of the
workplace to identify and control physical and
health hazards.
Identifying and providing appropriate PPE for
employees.
Training employees in the use and care of the
PPE.
Maintaining PPE, including replacing worn or
damaged PPE.
Periodically reviewing, updating and
evaluating the effectiveness of the PPE
program

Properly wear PPE,
Attend training sessions on PPE,
Care for, clean and maintain PPE, and
Inform a supervisor of the need to repair
or replace PPE

Many occupational eye injuries occur because workers
are not wearing any eye protection while others result
from wearing improper or poorly fitting eye protection.

Hazards: Dust ,dirt ,metal ,wood chips, chemical splashes
,object swinging ,or radiant energy

Options: Safety spectacles
goggles
welding shields
Laser safety goggles
Face shields

Note: Make sure the eye protection has the right
combination of impact/dust/splash/molten metal eye
protection for the task and fits the user properly.

Ability to protect against specific workplace
hazards.
Should fit properly and be reasonably
comfortable to wear.
Should provide unrestricted vision and
movement.
Should be durable and cleanable.
Should allow unrestricted functioning of any
other required PPE.

SPRAYS
SMOKE
DUST
MISTS
FOGS
Inhalation of
hazardous material
damages delicate
structures of the lung.

Damage lungs are
more susceptible to
respiratory disease.

Most direct route to
the bloodstream.










LUNG DAMAGE





Where respirators are required you need:
Written program
Worksite-specific procedures
Required elements:
Training
Fit testing
Medical evaluations
Care and maintenance
Procedures for respirator selection
Procedures for routine & emergency use


Air Purifying Respiratory
Protection Mechanical filter respiratory
protection devices are commonly known as dust
masks.
These simple filters commonly consist of a
molded filter designed to cover the nose and
mouth.
Chemical Cartridge Respirators

Chemical cartridge respirators provide a
higher level of protection than dust masks.
A soft rubber-like face piece (silicone)
covers the nose and mouth and contains
valves to control air movement through
the device.
Hazards: Impact from falling or flying
objects, risk of head bumping, hair
entanglement.
Options: A range of helmets, hard hats and
bump caps.
Note: Some safety helmets incorporate or
can be fitted with specially-designed eye or
hearing protection. Dont forget neck
protection, eg scarves for use during
welding. Do not use head protection if it is
damaged replace it.
GENERAL REQUIREMENT
Hazards: Wet, electrostatic build-up,
slipping, cuts and punctures, falling objects,
metal and chemical splash, abrasion.
Options: Safety boots and shoes with
protective toe caps and penetration-
resistant mid-sole, gaiters, leggings, spats.
Note: Footwear can have a variety of sole
patterns and materials to help prevent slips
in different conditions, including oil or
chemical-resistant soles. It can also be anti-
static, electrically conductive or thermally
insulating. It
GENERAL REQUIREMENT
Hazards: abrasion, temperature extremes,
cuts and punctures, impact, chemicals,
electric shock, skin infection, disease or
contamination.
Options: Gloves, gauntlets, mitts, wrist-cuffs,
armlets.
Note: Avoid gloves when operating
machines such as bench drills where the
gloves could get caught. Some materials
are quickly penetrated by chemicals so be
careful when you are selecting them.
Determining the need to provide hearing
protection for employees can be
challenging.
Employee exposure to excessive noise
depends upon a number of factors,
including
The duration of each employee's exposure
to the noise.
Whether employees move between work
areas with different noise levels.
Whether noise is generated from one or
multiple sources.


Hazards: Temperature extremes, adverse
weather, chemical or metal splash, spray from
pressure leaks or spray guns, impact or
penetration, contaminated dust, excessive
wear or entanglement of own clothing.
Options: Conventional or disposable overalls,
boiler suits, specialist protective clothing, eg
chain-mail aprons, high-visibility clothing.
Note: The choice of materials includes flame-
retardant, anti-static, chain mail, chemically
impermeable, and high-visibility. Dont forget
other protection, like safety harnesses or life
jackets.
BODY PROTECTION SUMMARY
Equipment is well looked after and
properly stored when it is not being used
Equipment is kept clean and in good
repair
Make sure anyone using PPE is aware of
why it is needed, when to use, repair or
replace it, how to report it if there is a
fault and its limitations.