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One unique and undeniable attribute of a
human being, taken both individually and
collectively, is his ability to change
His environment
The society
Still more marvelous is his ability to transcend
For when he works
For instance,he imprints and extends
his personality to the things he
When he dies his good deeds
transcend his mortal being.
Surviving him in death is his own
species, humanity, which then
preserves and transmits to posterity
all his contributions and his
creations for the collective well
being if his fellowmen.
One philosopher defined culture as the totally of
the human spirit

1. Culture is a distinctly human achievement caused and motivated
by mans natural desire for perfection and happiness.
2. This natural urge towards progress and perfection in turn implies
mans perfectability, i.e., his capacity to improve and perfect
himself and his works.
3. Culture is a universal and perennial human phenomenon: it is
found in all times, in all places, in all peoples, however poor or
primitive these may be.
4. Culture involves all aspects of human life. It is co-extensive and co-
intensive with lifes activities, pursuits and aspirations.
5. Culture is the continuous inexorable product of mans social
nature, human association and interaction
6. Culture leads to the realization of the whole Man, or the Universal

Culture, Education, Civilization
Man is the respiratory, the creator, the
transmitter, the dynamo, the cause, the
center, the goal, the end-all and be-all of
Education is the integral, optimal,
harmonious, balanced and continuous
development, enrichment, and actualization
of all of mans powers, capacities, and natural
Misconceptions of culture
When thinking and speaking of culture, most people
commonly equate the term with the state of being successful
of the country as a result of its economic, industrial,
scientific and technological advancement.
Culture is the full development of all mans power primarily
his moral, spiritual and intellectual endowments.
Material posterity is only one of the aspect, not the totality
of the human culture. To emphasize the importance of the
nation to the neglect of the more important qualities of
human culture is to commit the so-called fallacy of
neglected aspect or false emphasis or mistaking a part
as the whole.
Fallacious theories of education
To many or most people nowadays, education means mostly
intellectual and professional achievement, skills, and
efficiency for earning a living.
However, education is lifes it uses and pass all of lifes
Man is not body and belly alone but also soul and mind.
The former cannot live without bread; latter is fed not by
bread but by the imperishable manna of truth and wisdom
supplied by education.
Nor is man is brain and brawn alone, nor hand and heart
alone, nor sense and sex alone, he is the whole human being
with all its natural powers and resources and potentialities
awaiting full human development through education
Cultural rights
As already pointed out and stressed earlier,
man by his very nature tends towards his own
well being and happiness. This natural, inborn
quest for self amelioration and happiness is
found not only in the individual It is a social,
international, global phenomenon of man.
Culture and civilization
Earlier in this chapter, we spoke of the power
of transcendence in man to go beyond
himself and share his bounty, his good deeds to
others. In practical terms this transcendence
may be considered as the overcoming of ones
own selfishness and dedicating oneself to the
service for others.