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PLANNING OF RURAL ROADS

IN INDIA
Presented by:
Subin Geevarghese Samuel
Reg No:731511418013
Guided by:
Mrs. G Aruna M.E,(PhD)
Assistant Professor

INTRODUCTION
Rural road is one of the basic infrastructure
requirement of the country.
74.3% of the population live in rural areas and
50% of labour force depends on agriculture.
To improve existing roads and to construct
new roads government has introduced various
schemes in a cost effect and durable rural road
specification .
OBJECTIVES OF RURAL ROAD
PLANNING
Social and economical upliftment of rural
masses.
Employment generation is rural areas.
Creating attraction for rural areas and thus
providing facilities there.
National Integration of major part of
population, which is in rural India.
Arresting of rural to urban migration.
RURAL ROAD DEVELOPMENT
PLANS IN INDIA IN THE PAST
PWD is founded in 1895, by Lord Dalhousie.
In 1927 a resolution has passed for the appointment of a
committee to plan and implement roads in India.
The various plans are:
--- Jayakar Committee (1927)
--- Nagapur Plan (1943-1961)
--- Bombay Plan (1961-1981)
--- Lucknow Plan (1981-2001)
--- Road development plan (2001-2021)

STATUS OF RURAL ROAD
PLANNING
Rural roads is the responsibility of state Government.
Central Government prepares the planning guidelines and
allocates funds for the developments of rural roads.
The three 20 years Road Development Plan built 21,89,000
km length of rural roads by 2001.
The central Government provides funds through numerous
schemes
--- Minimum Needs Programme (MNP)
--- Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP)
--- National Rural Employment Programme (NREP)
--- Prime Minister Gram Sadak Yojna (PMGSY)

CONCEPT OF NETWORK
PLANNING

1. Network Philosophy
Rural roads from a part of the total road network
system which includes NH, SH, MDR &RR
Rural roads become links of a network
Master plan should be prepared based on the
basic travel needs of the rural people.
A rural network should be formed with
minimum lost of development
2. Utility Value
Earlier plan provide priority for an all weather road based on
their population size.
Now, Integrated road development approach based on
service facilities.
Utility value depends on a set of demographic, socio-
economic infra structure and level of development data.
3. Development of Links
Linking unconnected habitation road to the connected
habitation.
Choice of linkage shall be based on network planning and at
minimum cost.
4. Rural road plan
District rural road plan is a combined
master plan and the optimal network
links of the unconnected habitation
Rural road plan is implemented based
on the district master plan and available
fund.
PROBLEMS IN PLANNING
The problems in rural road planning are:
Organizational aspects.
Land Acquisition
Financial Resources
Planning Guidelines
Environmental and Social Issues
Road Safety Issues
Research and Development

PROPOSED STRATEGY
The actual development of proposed strategy shall be
participatory with panchayat, District panchayat, Rural
engineering organization and PWD who are the actual owners
of the roads.
A master plan for the road network in each district be
prepared.
District level master plan is expected to provide for 100%
basic road accessibility to villages at any point in time.
Access may provided to meet the rural peoples basic need of
marketing, health, education, trade, commerce and social
welfare.
Continued
The input data for the master plan should be
collected from Census data of the village, Road
survey of India, panchayat, PWD etc..
Planning commission and the Ministry of Rural
Development will have to direct all these organization
to coordinate with an expert agency very closely to
achieve the objectives of district level Master plan
development.
CONCLUSION
Every problem in India, whether it is social or
economic or Public health service or other social
schemes depends on the communication link with the
villages.
All weather road is necessary to attain socio
economic needs of rural population and also to
prevent the migration of people towards the town.
So, Maximum attention should be provided in the
rural road development of our country.
REFERENCE

Kapila.K.K, High way planning Past present and future, Indian
Highways, January 1998, pp 5-8
Khanna.S.K. & Justo, Highway Engineering, New chand & Bros;
Roorkee (UP)
Ramesh.C.R, Rural Roads An overview, Indian Highways, June
1998, pp 5-9.
Sikdar.P.K, How to provide total road connectivity to rural India,
Indian Highways, June 2000, pp 45-53.
Sikdar.P.K. PMGSY a mission for rural connectivity by all
weather roads, Indian Highways, May 2001, pp 81-95.
Rural Road Manual, Indian Road Congress , New Delhi 2002
Vision 2021-Road development plan for India, Indian Road
Congress , New Delhi-2001
www.ruralroaddevelopment.com.


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