Sie sind auf Seite 1von 1

Muhammad Tanveer Iqbal, Najam-us-Saqib, Abdul Waheed

Abstract




Stability derivatives are calculated by using
DATACOM

Transfer function /e is found by using
longitudinal stability derivatives i.e.
-1.6 s^2 - 0.96 s - 0.01
--------------------------------------------------
s^4 + 0.9 s^3 + 3.3 s^2 + 0.02 s - 0.003


Three displacement autopilots are designed;
1) Blackelock displacement autopilot
2) Modified blackelock autopilot
3) Self designed autopilot with PID
compensator


Methodology Results
Design Parameters
Jan Roskam, Airplane Flight Dynamics And
Automatic Flight Control, Part 1.
John H. Blake Lock, Automatic Control of
Aircraft and Missiles, Second Edition.
http://gangmadhu.blogspot.com/2010/09/hist
ory-of-autopilot.html
Stone, R. H., Aerodynamic Modeling of the
Wing-Propeller Interaction for a Tail-Sitter
Unmanned Air Vehicle", Journal of Aircraft,
Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 198 209, 2008
WANG Xiao-Yan, WANG Xin-min, XIAO,
Ya-hui,YU Xiang, Design of robust H_
controller for UAVs three-dimensional
formation flight, Control and Decision,
2012
Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Institute of Space Technology, Pakistan
mr.tanveer.iqbal@gmail.com, mrpious@gmail.com, waheed@ist.edu.pk
.
3D view of A-3:























Implementation
1) Blackelock Displacement Autopilot:









































2) Modified Blackelock Displacement
Autopilot:
3) Self designed autopilot with PID
compensator:
Inside PID block:
Longitudinal stability derivatives:
Step Responses of 1) Blackelock displacement
autopilot 2) Modified blackelock autopilot and 3)
Self designed autopilot with PID compensator



























1)
2)
3)
Conclusion
References
Stability and Control is the most important factor
to be taken into account, during all phases of
design of an aircraft specifically during
preliminary design. Converse relation exists
between stability and control. Stability
requirements are greater in transport airliners,
because transport plane does not require fast
maneuvers.
This paper discusses the comparison between
different displacement autopilots of self-
designed transport airliner A-3. Results of all
three autopilots are analyzed on the basis of root
locus and best suited displacement autopilot for
A-3 is described.
Displacement
Autopilots
Damping
Ratio
Settling
Time(sec)
Remarks
Blackelocks
Autopilot
1.0 150 Poor
Modified
Blackelocks
Autopilot
0.54 6 Good
Self-designed
Autopilot
0.65 0.1 Excellent
Cruise Mach 0.8
Mach Max 0.92
Number of Passengers 350
Number of Crew 16
Cargo 60 tons
Total Weight 446125 lb
Range 4414.7 miles
Endurance 17 hours
Take off distance 7236.88 ft
Landing distance 7058.6 ft
Absolute Ceiling 38000ft
Price Per Aircraft 191.48 million $