Sie sind auf Seite 1von 26

GRADIENT AND AREA UNDER

A GRAPH
Distance-Time Graph
 How to draw a graph?
 Recall previous knowledge

• x axis represent time


• y axis represent distance

Note :
When a distance-time graph is drawn, the
gradient of the graph gives the speed.
Example

The following table shows the distance


travelled and time taken by Amin to his office.
Draw the distance-time graph made by Amin

Time 0.1 0.2 0.3


(hours)

Distance 5 10 15
(km)
The Gradient of a
Distance-Time Graph
What is gradient?

- Is the change of the quantity on the


vertical axis with respect to the
change of the quantity on the
horizontal axis
How to find gradient?
 Recall the formula of gradient :

y 2 −y1
m=
x 2 −x1
 Example :…………..

 What is the general equation of straight line?

 The gradient of distance-time graph represent


speed
Exercise

Please do worksheet 1…
Exercise 6.1 B and 6.1 C
with your partner
How to find speed for a period
of time from a distance-time
graph

Notes: Distance
Speed =
Time

Total Distance Travelled


Average Speed =
Total Time Taken
Example:

The distance-time graph shows the


distance covered by a boy from the
starting point to another point and back.
From the graph,

a) Find the speed for the first 15 seconds.

b) How long did he rest?

c) Find the speed where the boy back to starting


point.

d) Find the average speed for the whole journey.


a)Find the speed for the first
15 seconds.
Answers:
a) Speed for the first 15 seconds:

Distance
Speed =
Time
100 - 0m
=
15 - 0 s
20
= m/s
3
Answers:
b) How long did he rest?

Time taken = 30s – 15s


= 15 seconds

-He takes 15 seconds to rest


Answers:
c) The speed where the boy back to the starting
point:
Distance
Speed =
Time
0 - 100m
=
Negative sign 50 - 30 s
indicates the
100m
direction of the
journey is
=−
reversed 20 s
= −5 m / s
Answers:
d)
Total Distance Travelled
Average Speed =
Total Time Taken
100m
=
50 s
= 2m/s
Exercise

Please do worksheet 1.
Exercise 6.1 D
Answers for Worksheet 1
(6.1D)
a) Speed from technician workshop to the
house of the first customer:

Distance
Speed =
Time
9km
=
10 hours
60
= 54kmh −1
b) Speed from 1st customer house to the 2nd
customer house (BC):

Distance
Speed =
Time
5km − 9km
=
40 − 30 hours
60
−1
= −24kmh
c)

Total Distance Travelled


Average Speed =
Total Time Taken
18km
=
70 hours
60
= 15.43kmh −1
Exercise

Please do worksheet 2
Submit it after the
end of the class
SUMMARY
 Gradient of a graph is the rate of change
in the quantity on the vertical axis with
respect to the change in the quantity on
the horizontal axis.

 Gradient of the distance-time graph


represents the speed.
Formula used:
y2 − y1
m=
x2 − x1

Distance
Speed =
Time

Total Distance Travelled


Average Speed =
Total Time Taken
homework
 (ex6.1(d) , no 3&4)