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WiMAX

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Topics

WiMAX Protocol

About WiMAX

Physical layer

MAC layer

Fixed / Mobile WiMAX

WiMAX vs Wi-Fi

WiMAX applications
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What is WiMAX

Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave


Access

a last !ile broadband wireless access


"#WA$ alternative to cable !ode!%
&i'ital (ubscriber )ine "&()$ or T*/+*
service,

Wireless Metropolitan Area -etwor. "WMA-$

#ased on /+++ 012,*3


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/+++ 012,*3 (tandards

012,*3,*-211* "*1-34 567% line-of-si'ht% up to *48Mbit/s$

012,*3,2 "!ini!isin' interference between coexistin'


WMA-s,$

012,*3a-2114 "2-** 5h7% Mesh% non-line-of-si'ht$

012,*3b-2118 "9-3 5h7$

012,*3c "detailed syste! profiles$

012,*3e-2119 "Mobile Wireless MA-$ : called Mobile


WiMAX

012, *3-211;-Current, Air /nterface for Fixed and Mobile


#roadband Wireless Access (yste!,,

012,*3!-in pro'ress% data rates of *11 Mbit/s !obile < *


5bit/s fixed "85$
5
(tand
ard
Fa!ily
Pri!ary
=se
>adio
Tech
&ownlin.
"Mbit/s$
=plin.
"Mbit/s$
-otes
WiMA
X
012,*3
Mobile
/nternet
M/M?-
(?F&M
A
*20 "in
21M67
bandwidth
$
93 "in
21M67
bandwi
dth$
/+++ 012,*3!
expected to offer
pea. rates of at
least * 5bit/s fixed
speeds and
*11Mbit/s to !obile
users,
)T+
=MT(/8
5(M
5eneral
85
?F&MA/
M/M?/(
C-F&MA
*11 "in
21M67
bandwidth
$
91 "in
21 M67
bandwi
dth$
)T+-Advanced
expected to offer
pea. rates up to *
5bit/s fixed speeds
and *11 Mb/s to
!obile users,
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Purpose of WiMAX

Providin' portable !obile broadband


connectivity across cities and countries throu'h
a variety of devices,

Providin' a wireless alternative to cable and


&() for last !ile broadband access,

Providin' data% teleco!!unications "@o/P$ and


/PT@ services,

Providin' a source of /nternet connectivity as


part of a business continuity plan,
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Fixed and Mobile WiMAX

Fixed WiMAX is opti!ised for ho!e/office


networ.s

Mobile WiMAX is opti!ised for !obiles


Fixed WiMAX

/+++ 012,*3d "currently bein'


updated$

T*/+* substitute

*#( : thousands of users

A 91.! covera'e

A B9Mbps

Cannot have both si!ultaneously

)?( C full duplex *1Mbps at *1.!

-)?( "urban$ *1Mbps over 2.!

5ettin' hi'herDD
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Fixed WiMAX Architecture
Mobile WiMAX

/+++ 012,*3e/012,*3 211;


!er'er

2-4.! covera'e "opti!al$

6i'h speed hand over


"A 91!s latencies$

+nsures perfor!ance at vehicular


speeds 'reater than *21.!/h

A 41Mbps for downlin.

A *9Mbps for uplin.

#ut 'ettin' better all the ti!e


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WiMAX as cellular alternative
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WiMAX as a mobile voice and data network is
potentially exponentially more efficient (profitable)
than the leacy cellular infrastructure
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WiMAX Architecture
MI! " Manaement Information !ase
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012,*3 protocol
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012,*3 protocol stac.

012,*3 covers data lin. and physical layer


012,*3 MAC (ublayer Protocol
Classes of service
*, Constant bit rate service,
2, >eal-ti!e variable bit rate service,
4, -on-real-ti!e variable bit rate service,
8, #est-effort service,
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Physical layer "P6E$
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P6E cont,

#P(FG * bit/baud

HP(FG 2 bits/baud

HAM-*3G 8 bits/baud

HAM-38G 3 bits/baud

+xa!pleG a 29 M67 bandwidth% HP(F can


deliver 91 Mbps% HAM-*3 *11 Mbps%
HAM-38 *91 Mbps
!aud (!d)# measure of the symbol rate$ the number of distinct symbolic
chanes (sinallin event) made to the transmission medium per second in
a diitally modulated sinal
%& !d means that %& symbols are transmitted per second'
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P6E cont,

T&& "ti!e-division duplex$


- use sa!e bandwidth for uplin. and downlin.
- controlled by ti!in'

F&& "freIuency-division duplex$


- use different freIuency for uplin. and downlin.

?F&M "ortho'onal freIuency-division


!ultiplexin'$
- enhance!ent of freIuency division !ultiplexin' "F&M$
- !axi!ise use of bandwidth
Also Adaptive Antenna (upport "AA($ and M/M?
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T&& and F&&
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?F&M
F(M )F(M
)F(M uses bandwidth which is not available for use in
F(M
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WiMAX Antennas
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)mni directional antenna
?!ni directional antennas
are used for point-to-
!ultipoint confi'urations,
its ener'y is 'reatly
diffused in broad-castin'
431 de'rees
This li!its its ran'e and
ulti!ately si'nal stren'th
'ood for situations where
there are a lot of
subscribers located very
close to the base station
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*ector antennas
focusin' the bea! in
a !ore focused area
offers 'reater ran'e
and throu'hput with
less ener'y
Many operators will
use sector antennas
to cover a 431-de'ree
service area rather
than use an o!ni
directional antenna
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+anel antennas
a flat panel of about one foot
sIuare
often used for point-to-point
applications
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Fre,uency +lan
!y reusin
fre,uencies at
different base
stations- a WiMAX
operator can avoid
interference from
their own network
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WiMAX vs Wi-Fi
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WiMAX vs Wi-Fi cont,
WiMAX is desined to cover lare area
(multiple homes.buildins)- while Wi/Fi is to
cover small area (a home.buildin)
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Co!parison of WiMAX% WiFi and 45 technolo'y
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WiMAX applications

#roadband /nternet

Multi!edia

/P !ulti!edia subsyste! "/M($

Cellular Alternative

A clear alternative to connect areas without pre-


existin' physical cable or telephone networ.s or
Just areas without ## access
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#roadband /nternet
K
Fixed WiMAX is substitute for 01
K
Mobile WiMAX has larer coverae than WiFi
WiMax in =F

ConnectMK, a co!pany owned by the Milton Feynes


Council% currently operates a WiMAX networ. in the
town of Milton Feynes% the first one in the =F to have
this service,

Urban WiMax% a WiMax service that covers central


)ondon "travelcard Lone * and so!e of Lone 2$,

LiveWave% a wireless service offered by Wildcard


-etwor.s with speeds of up to 81Mb throu'hout
-ewcastle-upon-Tyne,
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>eference

Tannenbau! MCo!puter -etwor.sN

(tallin's Mwireless co!!unications <


-etwor.sN

Fran. ?hrt!anG MWi!ax overviewNG


httpG//www,wi!ax,co!/education/wi!ax/w
i!axOoverview

MThe 012,*3 WirelessMA-P MACG /tQs


&one% but What /s /tRN "211*-**-*2$
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Tutorial
1' 2ow much bps can 3+*4 (%bits.!d)- 3AM/15
(6bits.!d) and 3AM/56 (5bits.!d) can deliver if a
bandwidth is %7M289
%' What is the difference between )F(M and F(M9
:' What are the differences between WiMAX and Wi/
Fi9