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Nature of Leadership

Ancient times
Research Began-20th century
People do pin their hopes on leaders, that are not
always realistic.
Example: Robert Nardeelli (CEO of Home Depot).
In tough times people expectations get hyper.
To alleviate all odds & uncertainity.

Heroic view of leader has been challenged.
Its important to understand the essential nature of
As it helps to make real & powerful influence in
organizations & societies as well.

Definition of Leadership
Leadership is exercised when persons..mobilize,
institutional, political psychological and other resources
so as to arouse, engage, and satisfy the motives of
Followers. (Burns, 1978).
Leadership is the ability of an individual to influence,
motivate, and enable others to contribute toward the
effectiveness and success of the organization..
(House et al., 1999)
Leadership: Interesting Topic

Powerful, Dynamic, Commands, Directs the path.

Religious (Pundits, Priests or Maulvis)
Social (Raja Ram Mohan Rai, Swami Vivekananda,
Baba Amte)
Political (M.K. Gandhi)
Why few succeeds and others fail?
Leadership is an influence relationship among leaders
and followers who intend real changes and outcomes
that reflect their shared purposes.

Leadership as a Specialized Role or a Shared Influence

Distinction between a Leader & follower does not mean
that a person cannot perform both the roles at a time.

For Example- A Department Manager (leader) and a
follower to his high-level managers.

Leadership as a specialized role----may consider
Attributes that determine the selection of designated
Behavior & effects of his behavior to other members and to
the organization as whole.
Other view saysanyone can act as a leader.

It uses interactive process in taking important decisions and
involves different people who influence each other.

Leadership that has big outcomes often starts small.
It does not need any formal position in the organization.
Leadership is everyday way of acting and thinking.

New Reality for Todays Organization:

Stability to change and crises management
Control to empowerment
Competition to collaboration
Uniformity to Diversity
Self-Centered to Ethical Purpose

Comparing Management and Leadership
Attainment of organizational goals in an effective and
efficient manner through planning, organizing ,
staffing, directing and controlling organizational
Both Management and Leadership are essential for
Organization today.
Leadership cannot replace management.
Five crucial areas to organizational performance:

Providing Direction
Aligning Followers
Building Relationships
Developing Personal Qualities
Creating Leader Outcomes

Theories (next)