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Diffusion and Osmosis

Kidney Dialysis Simulation Lab


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After completing this activity,
students will be able to:
Define the terms diffusion, osmosis,
hypotonic, hypertonic, isotonic
Construct a model to simulate the action
of a kidney
Relate changes in color, turgor, and salt
concentration to evidence of osmosis
Evaluate the function of the kidney as an
evolutionary adaptation to life on land.
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Think about the diffusion of
Molecules
Perfume
Smells and Gases
Sugar in iced tea
A drop of food coloring in
water
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Diffusion: High concentration
to low concentration
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Diffusion is passive doesnt require any energy
Perfume molecules expand to
fill all the space (because
they are in motion)
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Semi permeable membrane
allows certain molecules to
diffuse through it
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Small molecules fit through the
membrane, larger ones do not
Osmosis
The spontaneous net movement of solvent
molecules through a semi-
permeable membrane into a region of
higher solute concentration, in the
direction that tends to equalize the
solute concentrations on the two sides
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Turgor Pressure internal
cellular pressure
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A B C D
Water (osmosis) balance in cells
9
The outside of a red blood cell is a semi permeable membrane
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What affects the rate of diffusion?
Temperature
higher temperature = faster diffusion
Adding energy
(when you stir sugar into your coffee, does it dissolve
faster or more slowly?)

What affects rate of diffusion across a semi-permeable
membrane?
Difference in concentration of a substance inside vs.
outside the membrane > bigger difference = faster
diffusion
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Vocabulary to know
Isotonic water enters and leaves at
same rate (equilibrium, balance,
homeostasis)
Hypertonic salt water (what would
happen to your body if you ate too much
salt?)
Hypotonic distilled water (what would
happen to your body if you drank too
much water?)
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Vocabulary to know
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Could we put a salt water fish
like a clownfish in a freshwater
fish tank with a goldfish?
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Todays Lab: Simulated
Kidney
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Why are we going to talk
about Kidneys?
Metabolism, Homeostasis
All the blood in the body must pass
through the kidneys.
Kidneys filter all waste out of your
body (urea, ammonia, salts, drugs,
water, and other toxic substances)
If you have no kidney function, you
have to get dialysis, or you will be
poisoned with waste.

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Kidney Dialysis
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What is Dialysis Tubing?
Dialysis Tubing is a type of semi-permeable membrane
tubing made from regenerated cellulose (plant
material) or cellophane. It is used for diffusion. It
allows the passage of small molecules but not larger
ones.

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Biological Processes
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Things that affect diffusion
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