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PART 1

SIMPLE PAST TENSE


NGURAH AGUS SANJAYA ER, S.KOM, M.KOM
E-mail: agus.sanjaya@cs.unud.ac.id
The Simple Past Tense (I DID)
Use the simple past tense to talk about
things that happened in the ( )
The simple past tense is also used to talk
about things that happened in
The Simple Past Tense (I DID)
The wicked queen gave Snow
Queen a poisoned apple
Pinocchios nose grew longer
every time he told a lie
Dinosaurs lived millions of
years ago
Examples
1. I bought a new camera last week
2. We drove to Safari Park last weekend
3. The plane landed a few minutes ago
4. The students visited a farm during the holidays
5. Little Red Riding Hood decided to visit her
grandmother
Regular forms
The simple past tense of most verbs
ends with . These verbs are called
regular verbs. For example:
land + ed = landed, push + ed = pushed
Rules
The simple past tense is usually form by
adding -ed to the verb. For example:
jump + ed = jumped, walk + ed = walked
If the verb ends with e then just add -d. For
example:
agree + d = agreed, die + d = died
Rules (continued)
You must double the last letter of some verbs (short
verbs with one syllable; end with a consonant such
as b, d, m, n, p, t; and have only a single vowel
before the consonant) before adding ed. For
example:
fan + ed = fanned, grab + ed = grabbed
Rules (continued)
With verbs that end in y, change the y to I before
adding ed. For example:
bury + ed = buried fry + ed = fried
carry + ed = carried hurry + ed = hurried
cry + ed = cried try + ed = tried
Irregular forms
The simple past form of some verbs
does not end in , such verbs are
called
The simple past tense of some irregular
verbs
Examples
David hurt his foot when he
jumped over the drain
The worker cut down
the trees this morning
Irregular forms (continued)
Most irregular verbs, however, take a different
form in the simple past tense
Sam the stick in two
Tom and scored a goal
Was
The verbs was and were are also forms of the
verb
is the simple past tense of is and am
Use with the pronouns , , and ,
and with
Example
Edison a famous inventor
It very wet yesterday
Ten years ago she only a baby
The newspaper on the table this
morning
Were
is the simple past tense of are
Use with the pronouns , , and
and
Example
The Romans brave soldiers
They third in the wheelbarrow race
We on the same school team
Those my best jeans
Negatives and questions
We use did in questions and didnt for negatives
Negative Questions
I/he/she/it/we/they did not stop Did I/he/she/it/we/they stop?
(didnt)
We do not use a past form in negatives and questions
NOT The car didnt stopped or NOT did you rang?
Negatives and questions (continued)
We also use was and were negatives and questions
Negative Questions
I/he/she/it was not OR wasnt Was I/he/she/it ?
You/we/they were OR werent Were you/we/they ?
Exercise 1
Fill in the blanks with the correct simple past tense of the verbs in
parentheses
1. She ______ home alone (go)
2. He ______ his old car and ______ a new one (sell/buy)
3. We ______ them to the party but they ______ not to come
(invite/decide)
4. It was cold so I ______ the window (shut)
5. ______ the weather good when you ______ in holiday? (is/are)
6. They ______ able to come because they ______ very busy (are
not/are)

Exercise 2
Read what Sharon says about a
typical working day:
I usually get up at 7 oclock and
have a big breakfast. I walk to work,
which takes me about half an hour.
I start work at 8.45. I never have
lunch. I finish work at 5 oclock. Im
always tired when I get home. I
usually cook a meal in the evening. I
dont usually go out. I go to bed at
11 oclock. I always sleep well.
Yesterday was a typical working day
for Sharon. Write what she did or
didnt do yesterday.
1. She ______ a big breakfast.
2. She ______ .
3. It ______ to get to work.
4. ______ at 8.45.
5. ______ lunch.
6. ______ at 5 oclock.
7. ______ tired when ______ home.
8. ______ a meal yesterday evening.
9. ______ out yesterday evening.
10. ______ at 11 oclock.

Exercise 3
1. (where/go?) where did you go?
2. (go alone?) ______
3. (food/good?) ______
4. (how long/stay there?) ______
5. (stay at a hotel?)
6. (how/travel?) ______
7. (the weather/fine?) ______
8. (what/do in the evenings?)
__________________
9. (meet anybody interesting?)
__________________

A friend has just came back from holiday. You ask him about it.
Write your questions.