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Centrifugal Pump

Performance Experiment
Presented by: Steven King

ME 498 Senior lab


November 16, 2004

Overview of Presentation
Objectives
Methodology

and Background
Experimental Setup
Discussion of Results
Conclusions and Recommendations

Objectives
Become

familiar with centrifugal pump


operation
Analyze the principles of fluid flow at
5 different shaft speeds
Evaluate pump performance

Methodology and Background

Key Equations
B
(1) Cd 0.907 6.53
ReD
(2)

R ED

Vt 2 D1

(3)

(4)

Vt C d

Q C d AtVt

Assumptions: = .75, =998, and =9.55x10-4


P and was recorded during experiment.
0

(5)

P2 P1 V2 2 V12

Hp
Z 2 Z1

2g
g

1
4

Methodology and Background


Cont.
Key Equations Continued
(6)

W pump QP2 P1

(7)

pump

QP2 P1

Affinity Laws
Q 2 Q1

N2
N1

N2

Hp2 Hp1
N1

N2

P2 P1
N1

Experimental Setup
Overall System Schematic

Experimental Setup Cont.

Experimental Setup Cont.


= 2 in

= 1.5 in

Venturi Flow Meter

Results

Uncertainty Values for Experiment

wQ = 38.0%
w = 39.7%

Affinity Law Results


Value found
from
Experiment
Q (m3/s)
1165 RPM

%
Difference

5.61E-03

5.30E-03

5.55

P (W)

435.8

470.8

7.43

Hp (m)

7.92

9.06

12.58

7.49E-03

6.96E-03

7.12

P (W)

906.1

1066.4

15.03

Hp (m)

12.33

15.6

20.96

Q (m3/s)
1530 RPM

Calculated
Using Affinity
Laws

Results Cont.
Pump Head vs. Flow Rate
20
18
2

y = -130514x + 273.53x + 17.664


2
R = 0.999

16

Pump Head (m)

14
12
y = -109848x2 + 75.198x + 14.49
R2 = 0.9972

10

y = -123314x2 + 197.32x + 10.708


R2 = 0.9945

8
2

y = -37652x - 285.26x + 8.3396


2
R = 0.9714

900.2 RPM
992.8 RPM

y = -54121x - 192.77x + 7.0513


2
R = 0.9559

1165 RPM
1352 RPM
1530 RPM

0
1.5E-03

2.5E-03

3.5E-03

4.5E-03

5.5E-03

Flow Rate (m^3/s)

6.5E-03

7.5E-03

8.5E-03

Results Cont.
Pump Efficiency vs. Flow Rate
0.8
y = -9353.1x2 + 165.91x - 0.0087
R2 = 0.9985

0.7

0.6

Pump Efficiency

y = -19075x + 183.32x + 0.0023


2
R = 0.9955

0.5
y = -9886.8x2 + 151.87x - 0.0003
R2 = 0.9989

0.4
y = -15468x2 + 165.33x + 0.0014
R2 = 0.9976

0.3

y = -15032x2 + 166.37x - 0.0027


R2 = 0.9987
900.2 RPM
992.8 RPM

0.2

1165 RPM
1352 RPM
1530 RPM

0.1

0.0
0.0E+00

1.0E-03

2.0E-03

3.0E-03

4.0E-03

5.0E-03

Flow Rate (m^3/s)

6.0E-03

7.0E-03

8.0E-03

Results Cont.
Pump Efficiency vs. Pump Power to Fluid
0.8

0.7

y = -2E-06x2 + 0.0021x - 0.0003


R2 = 0.9996

y = -2E-07x + 0.001x + 0.0032


2
R = 0.9992

0.6

Pump Efficiency

y = -3E-06x + 0.0027x + 0.0008


2
R = 0.9985

y = -1E-06x + 0.0015x - 0.0017


2
R = 0.9988

y = -4E-08x + 0.0008x + 0.0009


2
R = 0.9999

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

900.2 RPM
992.8 RPM
1165 RPM

0.1

1352 RPM
1530 RPM

0.0
0

100

200

300

400

500

600

Pump Power (Watts)

700

800

900

1000

Results Cont.
Pump Power to Fluid vs. Flow Rate
1000

y = -1E+07x2 + 214130x - 15.3


R2 = 0.9978

900

Pump Power (Watts)

800

y = -1E+07x2 + 168878x - 8.0432


R2 = 0.9984

700
600

y = -8E+06x2 + 126678x - 4.5836


R2 = 0.9983

500
400

y = -5E+06x2 + 85850x - 0.3415


R2 = 0.999

300

900.2 RPM

200

y = -5E+06x2 + 73781x - 0.2309


R2 = 0.999

100

992.8 RPM
1165 RPM
1352 RPM
1530 RPM

0
0.0E+00

1.0E-03

2.0E-03

3.0E-03

4.0E-03

5.0E-03

Flow Rate (m^3/s)

6.0E-03

7.0E-03

8.0E-03

Conclusions and Recommendations

All R2 were above .95 with most being above .99


The best overall efficiency was approximately
70% for an RPM of 1530
The use of pressure gauges and dynamometer
that are less affected by vibration would improve
results
A more accurate method of recording voltage
and current would also improve the results