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# Inflow Performance

Relationship
By P.E. Eduardo Khoji Endo Hernndez
Contents
IPR Introduction
Productivity Index (J)
Basic IPR Equations (Vogel)
IPR for Damaged Wells (Standing)

Inflow performance relationship
Introduction
Inflow Performance Relationship (IPR) of a well is the relation between
the production rate and flowing bottom hole pressure. For oil wells, it is
frequently assumed that fluid inflow rate is proportional to the
difference between reservoir pressure and wellbore pressure. This
assumption leads to a straight line relationship that can be derived
from Darcy's law for steady state flow of an incompressible, single
phase fluid and is called the Productivity Index (PI). However, this
assumption is valid only above the bubble point pressure.

Productivity Index (J)
The use of this method involves measurement of the static bottom-hole
pressure and the bottom-hole pressure while the well is flowing at
various rates of production. This measure of the relative ability of a well
to produce is termed its Productivity Index (PI or J).

If P
r
> P
b
Straight line relationship

=

Productivity Index (J)

Vogels Method
Vogel reported the results of a study in which he used a mathematical
reservoir model to calculate the IPR for oil wells producing from
saturated reservoir.
Vogel arrived at the following relationship between dimensionless flow
rate and dimensionless pressure.
If P
r
< P
b

()
= 1 0.2

0.8

2

Vogels Method
Vogels Graphic Method

= 2000 psi

= 1500 psi

= 65 bpd
1)

=
1500
2000
= 0.75
2)

= 0.4
3)
65

= 0.4
4)

=
65
0.4
= 162

assumed and the corresponding
flow rates determined.
Vogels Graphic Method
IPR for Damaged Wells
Standings Model
Vogels original method did not account for the effects of a non-zero
skin factor, but a later modification by Standing extended the method
for application to damaged or stimulated wells.
Standing introduces the concept of flow efficiency (FE)

=

()
= 1 0.2

0.8

FE

IPR for damaged or stimulated
wells
Conclusions
Inflow Performance
Relationship
By P.E. Eduardo Khoji Endo Hernndez
e.endo@hotmail.com