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PS CORE IPBACKBONE

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CONTENTS
Session 1: 3G Network overview
Session 2: UMTS Core Network Fundamental
Session 3: IP Backbone
Session 4: Q&A
3G Network overview
3G Network overview
4
Why 3G?
Higher bandwidth enables a range of new applications!!
For the consumer
Video streaming, TV broadcast
Video calls, video clips news, music, sports
Enhanced gaming, chat, location services
For business
High speed teleworking / VPN access
Sales force automation
Video conferencing
Real-time financial information

Different Service, Different
Technology
Different Service, Different Technology
AMPS
TACS
NMT
Others
1G 1980s
Analog
GSM
CDMA
IS-95
TDMA
IS-136
PDC
2G 1990s
Digital
Technologies
drive
3G
IMT-2000
UMTS
WCDMA
cdma
2000
Demands
drive
TD-
SCDMA
3GPP
3GPP2
3GPP
IMT-2000: International Mobile Telecommunications for the year 2000
3GPP (2): Third Generation Project Partnership (2)
UMTS: Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
WCDMA: Wideband CDMA.
TD-SCDMA :Time Division Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access
UMTS and CDMA 2000 market share
cdmaOne
GSM
TDMA
2G
PDC
CDMA2000
1x
First Step into 3G
GPRS 90%
10%

EDGE


WCDMA


CDMA2000
1x EV/DV

3G phase 1 Evolved 3G
3GPP Core
Network

CDMA2000
1x EV/DO


HSDPA

Expected market share
EDGE
Evolution
3G services in Asia
7
CDMA (1xEV-DO)
Korea: SKT, KTF
Japan: AU (KDDI)
WCDMA / UMTS
Japan: NTT DoCoMo, Vodafone KK
Australia: 3 Hutchinson
Hong Kong: 3 Hutchinson
TD-SCDMA
China
3G in VIETNAM
STT MNG DI NG
HNH
THC 2G 3G GHI CH
1 MOBIFONE MNO GSM UMTS
2 VINAPHONE MNO GSM UMTS
3 VIETTEL MNO GSM UMTS
4 EVN TELECOM MNO
CDMA2000
1xEV-DO CDMA2000
Lin doanh 3G vi
VIETNAM MOBILE
5 VIETNAM MOBILE MNO GSM UMTS
Lin doanh 3G vi EVN
TELECOM
6 S-PHONE MNO
CDMA2000
1xEV-DO CDMA2000
7 GTEL MNO GSM NA
8
DONG DUONG
TELECOM MVNO GSM NA
Hp tc s dng c s h
tng vi VIETTEL
3G Application Service and QoS in UMTS
Page9
3G Application Service
Time Delay
BER
background
conversational
streaming
interactive
WCDMA Protocol Version Evolution
Page10
WCDMA Protocol Version Evolution
3GPP Rel99
3GPP Rel4
3GPP Rel5
2000
2001 2002
GSM/GPRS CN
WCDMA RTT
IMS
HSDPA
3GPP Rel6
MBMS
HSUPA
2005
CS domain change to NGN
WCDMA RTT
WCDMA Protocol Version Evolution
(2)
14.0Mbps
42.0Mbps 384 kpbs
WCDMA data rate
UMTS Network Architecture
13
SD
Mobile Station
MSC/
VLR
Base Station
Subsystem
GMSC
Network Subsystem
AUC EIR HLR
Other Networks
Note: Interfaces have been omitted for clarity purposes.
GGSN
SGSN
BTS
BSC
Node
B
RNC
RNS
UTRAN
SIM
ME
USIM
ME
+
PSTN
PLMN
Internet
Mobile subscribers forecast
Source: ABI Research
Technology moving towards 4G
UMTS CN Fundamental
UMTS CN Fundamental
CS Core Network
PS Core Network
Raise of Soft Switch Core Network
18
3GPP R99 3GPP R4 3GPP R5
GSMCS
GPRSPS
CN is composed of
CS domain and PS
domain
Adopt WCDMA UTRAN
Iu interface
between RAN and CN
is based on ATM
CSSoftswitch
PS
CS domain change:
control is separated
from bearer
Packet voice
supported by CS
domain, supporting
ATM, IP, TDM
TrFO
SS7/ SIGTRAN
CSSoftswitch
PS
Adopt IMS domain
HSDPA
IP RAN
IMS
UMTS R4 Core Network Structure
GSM /GPRS BSS
BTS
BSC
NodeB
RNC
PCU
UTRAN

SCP
SMS
SCE
PSTN/PLMN
Internet,
Intranet
HLR/AuC
SGSN
CG
BG
GGSN
GPRS
backbone
MGW MGW
VMSC Server
GMSC Server
IP/ATM Backbone
CS
Domain
PS
Domain
Iu-CS
Iu-PS
SS7
Other PLMN
Abbreviation-CS Core
MSC/VLR: Mobile Switch Center/Visitor Location Register
SMS-GMSC: Gateway MSC For Short Message Service
SMS: Short Message Service Interworking MSC
SCP: Service Control Point
GMLC: Gateway Mobile Location Center
HLR: Home Location Register
EIR: Equipment Identity Register
Page21
R4 Soft Switch CS CN Structure
UTRAN
SS7
PSTN/ISDN
BSS
SIGTRAN
SCP
SMS
SCE
HLR
APP Server
H.248
BICC
VMSC Server
IP(ATM) Backbone
MGW
MGW
AMR/RTP(AAL2)
GMSC Server
H.248
RANAP
GSM/R99 PLMN
IP Network
TDM
AAL2
TDM
TDM
IP
BSSAP
MAP/CAP
Page22
Features of Soft Switch CN
Separated structure of Signalling and Bearer
Multi voice transport modes: TDM, ATM, IP
Multi signalling transport modes:
TDM based SS7;
IP based SIGTRAN
Adopts BICC, H.248 protocol.
Page23
Function of MSC Server
The signalling functions of MSC and VLR/SSP functions
The billing function
The control of MGWs via H.248 protocol
The inter-working function of other MSC Server via BICC protocol
MGW
MSC Server
H.248
MSC Server
H.248
BICC
MGW
Page24
Function of MGW
The switching function of voice service.
The transform of various media format(G.711/G.729/AMR etc. )
The transform of various transport format( TDM/ATM/IP)
Providing the media related resource
Cooperate with MSC server via H.248 protocol
MGW
MSC Server
H.248
MSC Server
H.248
BICC
MGW
Page25
Function of Signalling Gateway
Providing the transform of SS7 protocol stack and SIGTRAN protocol
stack (SIGTRAN M3UA /SCTP/IP <=> SS7 MTP3/2/1)
SG can be a stand alone equipment or combined with MSC
Server/MGW/STP
SG
MSC Server
PSTN
TDM
IP
IP
SCTP
M3UA
ISUP
MTP1
MTP2
MTP3
ISUP
Page26
MTP3/2/1
SG
PSTN
STP
M3UA/SCTP/IP
IP Backbone
MG MGW
H.248
BICC
GMSC Server
MGW
H.248
RANAP
MSC Server
UTRAN
UTRAN
MGW
R4 Regional Network Structure
Page27
IP Backbone
UTRAN
MGW
BICC
TMSC Server
H.248
MSC Server
UTRAN
MGW
H.248
RANAP
MSC Server
RANAP
Regional
network 1
TMSC Server
Regional
network N
R4 Toll Network Structure
UMTS CN Fundamental
CS Core Network
PS Core Network
Overview
Working principle
UMTS CN Fundamental
CS Core Network
PS Core Network
Overview
Working principle
GPRS/UMTS PS Network
Abbreviation-PS Core
GPRS: General Packet Radio Service
BSS: Base Station Subsystem
UTRAN: UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access
Network
SGSN: Service GPRS Support Node
GGSN: Gateway GPRS Support Node
CG: Charging Gateway
BG: Bordering Gateway
PDN: Packet Data Network
Functions of SGSN
Functions of GGSN
Functions of HLR/AuC
Functions of CG
Functions of DNS
Functions of BG
UMTS CN Fundamental
CS Core Network
PS Core Network
Overview
Working principle
UMTS Data Transmission Structure
Typical Application
Typical Application
Typical Application
Roaming: Connect to Home ISP
Roaming: Connected Visiting ISP
Main Procedures
Mobility Management Procedures Session Management Procedures
Attach Procedure
Routeing Area Update
SRNS relocation
Detach Procedure
PDP Context
Quality of Service
Access Point Name
Mobifone APN: m-wap.mnc01.mcc452.gprs
Usage of APN
IP Address Allocation
IP Backbone
UMTS R4 Core Network Structure
GSM /GPRS BSS
BTS
BSC
NodeB
RNC
PCU
UTRAN

SCP
SMS
SCE
PSTN/PLMN
Internet,
Intranet
HLR/AuC
SGSN
CG
BG
GGSN
GPRS
backbone
MGW MGW
VMSC Server
GMSC Server
IP/ATM Backbone
CS
Domain
PS
Domain
Iu-CS
Iu-PS
SS7
Other PLMN
IP BACKBONE STRUCTURE
IP BACKBONE FEATURES
Kin trc phn lp: IP MPLS/BGP.
Chuyn ti nhiu loi dch v: voice,
data, signaling, billing tarrif,
H tr nhiu loi giao tip: FE, GE,
STM1, STM4,
D dng m rng.
Trin khai QoS.
Giao thc chy trn IPBB
1.OSPF (v2)or ISIS.
2.BGP (MP-BGP)
3.HSRP, VRRP
4.MPLS
5.MPLS VPN
OSPF- Open Shortest Path First
Qung b ip network (link kt ni gia cc router + router id_loopback 0) trong
bng global routing table
Cu trc multiple area
area 0: gia cc P router
area x: gia P router v PE router
MP-BGP (MultiProtocol BGP)
Trao i thng tin route
MPLS-VPN gia cc PE
SWHCM-1 v SWHNI-1N l RR
(Route Reflector) cha thng
tin route trn ton mng
Cc PE khc trao i thng tin
nh tuyn vi 2 RR ny

HSRP-Hot Standby Router Protocol
- HSRP c s dng trn cc kt ni
t 7609 n cc thit b CE ca
tng dch v
- HSRP cung cp kh nng d phng
cao cho link kt ni v router PE

MPLS-MultiProtocol Label Switching
- IPBB s dng cng ngh
chuyn mch nhn a giao
thc MPLS
- Traffic vo min MPLS s
c cc router chuyn tip
da vo nhn (label)
- Tc chuyn mch nhn
nhanh hn chuyn mch IP
- MPLS l nn tng trin
khai MPLS VPN
MPLS VPN (VPNv4)
- Mi dch v chy trn mng IP/MPLS
s c khai bo ring thnh mt
VPN
- Cc route ca tng VPN s c lu
trong tng VRF trn router PE v c
lp vi bng routing ca cc VPN khc
- MPLS VPN cho php trin khai nhiu
dch v ng dng trn cng mt c s
h tng IP/MPLS

9/16/2014 65
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