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Group 2 Report

Ogive
Definition
Ogive is a graph of a cumulative distribution, which shows data values on
the horizontal axis and the cumulative frequencies, the cumulative relative
frequencies or cumulative percent frequencies on the vertical axis.
It is one of the most commonly used graphs of frequency distribution.
Ogive is defined as the frequency distribution graph of a series.
It is also known as the cumulative frequency curve.
Ogive chart
An Ogive Chart is a curve of the cumulative frequency
distribution or cumulative relative frequency distribution.
To draw such a curve, first of all the simple frequency must be
expressed as percentage of the total frequency. Then, such
percentages are cumulated and plotted as in the case of an ogive.
2 ways of constructing an Ogive chart
1.Less than Ogive Chart
2.Greater than Ogive Chart
Less than Ogive chart (Less than
cumulative frequency curve)

1. Draw and label the horizontal and vertical axes.
2. Take the cumulative frequencies along the y axis (vertical axis) and the
upper class limits on the x axis (horizontal axis)
3. Plot the cumulative frequencies against each upper class limit.
4. Join the points with a smooth curve

Example
Less than Ogive chart
- When we write, 'less than 10 - less than 0', the difference gives the frequency
4 for the class interval (0 - 10) and so on.
Greater than Ogive chart (Greater than
cumulative frequency curve)
Less than
1. Draw and label the horizontal and vertical axes.
2. Take the cumulative frequencies along the y axis (vertical axis) and the
lower class limits on the x axis (horizontal axis)
3. Plot the cumulative frequencies against each lower class limit.
4. Join the points with a smooth curve.

Example
Greater than Ogive chart
- When we write 'more than 0 - more than 10', the difference gives the
frequency 4 for the class interval (0 - 10) and so on.
Note
Corresponding to the point of intersection of less than
cumulative frequency curve, greater than or more than
cumulative frequency curve is the Median of the
distribution. So, we can find the middlemost value of the
series if we draw the less than and greater than Ogives.
Example
Question: Draw the more than cumulative frequency curve for the following
data

Class

10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-70 70-80 80-90
F 3 15 8 20 7 4 6 2
Solution
First lets find the more than cumulative frequency
corresponding to each class. For this the frequencies of
the succeeding classes are added to the frequency of a
class. The greater than cumulative frequency table is
given below.


Greater than Ogive chart
Lower limit Frequency More than Cumulative Frequency
10 3 65
20 15 65 - 3 = 62
30 8 62 - 15 = 47
40 20 47 - 8 = 41
50 7 41 - 20 = 19
60 4 19 - 7 = 12
70 6 12 - 4 = 8
80 2 8 - 6 = 2
Now we draw the horizontal and vertical axes and label them. Plot the
cumulative frequencies corresponding to the lower limit of each class and
join the points using a smooth curve.

Example
Solution
Ogive Graph