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CH ANIL

Department of Chemical Engineering


IISc Bangalore
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Outlines
Introduction
Objective
Materials and methods
Vibration analysis
Moment of inertia
Bending stiffness
Results and discussion
conclusions

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Introduction
Design variations
Efficiency of the shot
Reduce the effort of the
player
Cricket bat
performance
Sweet spot
Stiffness
Moment of inertia
Coefficient of restitution

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Objective
Testing of cricket bats performance
Effect of novel designs on physical properties and
performance
Source: T Eptaxiopoulou.et al,proc.IMechE, vol226
part P, J.sports engg. and technology
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Materials
Bat Mass(Kg) Blade
length(mm)
Blade
width(mm)
status description
Bat 1 1.266 375 106 legal Short blade
Bat 2 1.223 532 108 legal Standard curved
profile
Bat 3 1.176 542 106 legal Standard curved
profile
Bat 4 1.168 557 108 legal Standard curved
profile
Bat 5 1.138 540 108 illegal Carbon handle
Bat 6 1.164 549 108 legal Standard curved
profile
Bat 7 1.212 537 108 illegal Carbon handle
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Description of the bats
Source: T Eptaxiopoulou.et al, proc.IMechE,
vol226 part P, J.sports engg. and technology
Vibration analysis
Impulse hammer technique


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Experimental set up
Source: T Eptaxiopoulou.et al, proc.IMechE,
vol226 part P, J.sports engg. and technology
Vibration analysis
Impulse hammer technique
Miniature accelerometer
Mode shape or vibration mode
Node of a vibration mode
Accuracy - Coherence function


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Moment of inertia
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Source: T Eptaxiopoulou.et al, proc.IMechE,
vol226 part P, J.sports engg. and technology
Pendulum arrangement for MoI
Contd.
The period of a physical pendulum



where
I: moment of inertia of bat
d: distance between pivot point and centre of mass

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Bending stiffness
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Source: T Eptaxiopoulou.et al, proc.IMechE,
vol226 part P, J.sports engg. and technology
Three point bending test
Bending stiffness(EI)
Uniaxial material testing
machine( Instron model 5866)
A 1000N load cell


Where
E: Elastic modulus, I: second
moment of area
P: load, L: length between two
supports, w: deflection

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Source: T Eptaxiopoulou.et al, proc.IMechE,
vol226 part P, J.sports engg. and technology
Contd..
The size of sweet spot
for carbon fiber handle bats(5,7)-----0.19m
for short blade bat(1) -----0.18m
Traditional design bats ----0.135 to 0.16m
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Bat Mass(K
g)
Distance
to
CoM (m)
Moment of
Inertia
(Kg m
2
)
Bending
stiffness (EI) of
sweet
spot(Nm
2
)
Bending
stiffness(EI) of
handle(Nm
2
)
Bat 1 1.266 0.479 0.3475 901 79
Bat 2 1.223 0.461 0.3131 432 66
Bat 3 1.176 0.485 0.3014 683 39
Bat 4 1.168 0.450 0.2866 661 48
Bat 5 1.138 0.491 0.3220 602 26
Bat 6 1.164 0.449 0.2770 653 42
Bat 7 1.212 0.480 0.3270 610 25
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Source: T Eptaxiopoulou.et al, proc.IMechE,
vol226 part P, J.sports engg. and technology
Conclusions
Seven bats were tested
MoI, bending stiffness and vibration analysis
conducted
Sweet spot area estimated
Redistribution of mass
Moment of inertia increases,
increases in coefficient of restitution
Carbon fibers-imparting the maximum energy to
the ball


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