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Ref: P .

ppt (9/27/2014) 1
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Profibus
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 2
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
This Talk
Brief overview of Profibus family
Profibus DP - Where it came from, how it works
Profibus GSD Files
Profibus Slave Operation
Eurotherm GSD File editor
Future
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 3
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Profibus Family
Profibus DP
Fast transfer of time critical I/O data
Machine building/Automation ~ 10mS scan time
DPV1 adds Acyclic messages and high level data type
definitions
Profibus PA
DPV1 Messaging + Device Profiles + Intrinsic Safety
Slower Physical Medium (31.25 kbit/s) with loop power
Process Applications
Profibus FMS
Full Messaging (I/O + non time critical)
Higher level Communications (PLC <-> PLC)
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 4
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Traditional PLC Control System
Internal Backplane
Transfers Input and Output data
between CPU and Modules prior
to PLC scan cycle

Data from modules appears
in I/O registers in the CPU.
Processed by application
Point to Point wiring to Plant - Essentially 1 wire per signal
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 5
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
PLC Control With DP
Internal backplane replaced by
external High Speed RS485 cable
connected to Scanner Module.

I/O data from devices is transferred
cyclically - appears in PLC registers
to be processed by application.
Modules replaced by Devices -
I/O or special function
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 6
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Cyclic I/O Data Transfer
Slave Input Data (To PLC)
Slave Output Data (From PLC)
Temperature
Working Setpoint
Loop Output Power
Alarm Status word
PLC Registers
Target Setpoint
Manual Output
Scanner transfers I/O
Data from/to PLC once
each scan cycle for each
slave ~ 10mS cycle
Application uses
data from input
registers and
sets values in
output registers
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 7
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
General Benefits of using Fieldbuses
Wiring Cost reduction (35 - 40% of total)
Easier maintenance, and flexibility to add new
devices when and where needed
Use best of breed, specialised, devices easily at all
points in the application - reduces load on PLC
Devices located close to point of application and
closely coupled to it
Feedback from smart devices reduces planned
maintenance and allows quality improvement via
SPC etc.
Not limited to modules produced by vendor of PLC
(or PC3000!)
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 8
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
DP is popular with users...
Easily understandable - no need to read the spec!
Easily applicable - devices interwork without
problems
Transparent to PLC programmers
Very little ongoing network maintenance
Supported by a very wide range of device and PLC
vendors

DP systems are now being constructed on a very
routine basis without problems - not an R&D
exercise.
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 9
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
DP is popular with vendors
Based on a range of Siemens ASICs - easy hardware
implementation for slave devices
Pre-Canned modules available (Siemens, Hilscher,
SST etc) to add DP to products without significant
hardware development
Easy to support - ASICs ensure third party devices
work in a consistent and predictable manner

Result is a healthy proliferation of different kinds of I/O
and specialised devices

Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 10
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Why Eurotherm chose Profibus DP
DP is currently the best choice for networking PLCs
with I/O and other devices. Fast, simple, and
available.
DeviceNet is too limited in bandwidth for larger
applications, and third party support not as
comprehensive.
Foundation Fieldbus not widely adopted.

Profibus DP now adopted within Eurotherm as our
main Fieldbus platform.
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 11
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Profibus - Weaknesses.
Limited acyclic capacity. Not good for SCADA or
large scale file transfers.
Not really plug and play (like DeviceNet)
No pre-defined Function Block library (like FF)


Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 12
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Eurotherms Profibus Range
T940
SCADA - PC Cards
Wonderware, Wizcon,
Interlution
subselect.me
OK OK OK OK OK
OK OK OK OK OK


2000F PID
Controllers
T630 Process
Controller
Thyristor
Power
Controllers
Chart
Recorders
AC/DC
Drives
2900
e
CPU

H
e a t
T e m
p

I n n e r T e m
p

M
a i n A
i r
M
a i n F a n
A
u x A
i r
A
u x F a n
R
u n
C
o o l
R
a i s e
L
o w
e r R
e s e t
H
o l d S e r v o
F r i d g e L
i g h t 1
L
o a d L
i g h t
2
Loop Loop Relay 4 DI/DO 8
2500
Multi-loop
PC3000/PC300
T800
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 13
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
GSD
1
Files
Define third party devices to Profibus DP network
configuration tools.
Include timing information, supported baud rates,
links to bitmap images, etc.
Include details of I/O Mapping and Parameterisation
Contents downloaded to Slave devices on network
startup
In Eurotherm products, define the set of device
variables transferred over Profibus. Set up using our
GSD File Editor
1
Gertestammdaten
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 14
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
DP Network Configuration
GSD
GSD
GSD
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 15
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CONTROLS
DP Slave Operation
Units first parameterised by Master
Sends up to 244 bytes of Vendor Specific Data
Data comes from GSD file
In Eurotherm devices, defines content of I/O messages
Units then Configured by Master
Up to 244 bytes Type and Size data defining I/O
Data comes from GSD file
Slave enters Data Exchange
Exits back to parameterisation on timeout
Diagnostic requests made on status change or fatal error
Diagnostics
Not well understood (even by Siemens!)
Flagged during I/O exchange
Provide indication of Fatal Device Fault or
Provide indication of Status (e.g. sensor fail)

Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 16
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Profibus DP Slave State Machine
Config Datafrom GSD File
User Parametisation Data
from GSD File
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 17
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Why Use a GSD Editor?
Profibus designed for simple bulk I/O devices (e.g.
16 words I + 0)
Our products are much more complex (500-3000
parameters).
Impossible to choose a universal subset for I/O, and
wasteful of bandwidth to transfer unnecessary
variables.
Best approach to allow I/O mapping selection by
users on a per application basis
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 18
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Problems
GSD file provides user data. Obvious place to define
I/O transfer, and values from file may be changed by
user using network configuration tool
However data type definitions are also in the GSD
file, and closely coupled to I/O definition.
Data type definitions are not usually changeable
using the network configuration tool

Solution Chosen - Create a GSD Editor tool to define
I/O transfer in userss terms, and manage type
definitions automatically...

Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 19
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Eurotherm GSD File Editor

Creates Custom GSD file for use by network configurators
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 20
EUROTHERM
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Why Use the GSD File editor
Very easy to use - drag and drop interface
Allows optimum use of network bandwidth - only
transfer the variables you need
Permits very flexible use of devices - no need for a
lowest common denominator mapping
Avoids manual editing of GSD file employed by
other vendors - error prone and complicated
Build up a library of GSD files for different
applications
Use the PLC to wire between device variables for
complex control strategies
Web button for latest hints and tips on-line
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 21
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Demand Data
Cyclic Data interchange is great, but
Relentlessly overwrites values set via the front panel of the
instrument (though this can be overcome with sequence logic)
Allows access to a limited number of device variables
Demand Data provided to solve this problem
Uses 4 words in the input and output areas
Allows read or write access to all device variables on demand
Uses a simple mailbox system, easily programmable using a PLC
sequence program
Switched on or off by the GSD File Editor
Supported by specialised PC3000 Function Blocks
DPV1 provides proper acyclic messaging (currently 2500 E-
Suite only)

Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 22
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Future
Profibus group pushing ProfiNet (Profibus on
Ethernet)
Various other developments (Plug and Play,
ProfiSafe, Expansion of Profibus PA).
May be better long term bets for higher level
Ethernet protocols (e.g. FF)
Ref: P .ppt (9/27/2014) 23
EUROTHERM
CONTROLS
Conclusion
Profibus DP allows easy interconnection of
Eurotherm and third party devices
Good for small scale Machine Building networks
Less good as a SCADA network
GSD file editor and Demand Data allow great
flexibility of operation with Eurotherm slaves.