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BSC RF OPTIMIZATION

WORKSHOP
AUGUST 23 & 24, 2001
Tagaytay

IDLE MODE
OPERATION

Neil A. Tan
Special Project Team
SE-ACCESS
20/F Smart Tower
CAMPING
When a mobile is turned off the BCCH frequency and the BCCH frequencies of the 
adjacent cells of the last cell it camped on are stored in the phone. So that if the MS 
is turned on, it will search for any of these frequencies, tunes in and decodes BCCH 
information.

Thus, in initial camping , there is no signal strength comparison. 
    As long as the MS can decode the BCCH information in that frequency, it will request 
for Location Update and camps on that cell, then begins to measure the adjacent 
cells. After a while, C1 and C2 are computed.

C2 is immediately calculated right after C1 calculation. Thus, no decision is  made yet 
after calculating C1. Remember that the MS is already camped on to a particular cell 
before C1 calculation. Then, we can say that both C1 and C2 are both intended for 
cell reselection. The only difference is that C2 involves more parameters particularly 
designed for layered network.
C1 & C2 Parameters
C1 is short for Cell Selection. C2 is Cell Reselection.
But, actually, both C1 and C2 are intended for reselection.

C1 = RxLev - RxLevAccessMin
(ZEQO) RXLEV ACCESS MIN.........................(RXP)....-105 dBm
RXP (900) = -105 dBm
RXP (1800) = -102 dBm
RxLev = Received signal level from the cell

RXP is the lowest signal an MS should receive in order to camp on


that cell or access the GSM network through that cell.
The 3dB difference between RXPs of 1800 and 900 is due to the fact
C2 = C1 + REO –TEO , that is,
when PET is not exceeded yet.
C2 Parameters:
CELL RESELECTION PARAMETER INDEX......(PI)..... N
CELL BAR QUALIFY...................………………..(QUA).... N
CELL RESELECT OFFSET...............……………(REO).... 0 dB
TEMPORARY OFFSET.................………………..(TEO).... 0 dB
PENALTY TIME.......................…………………...(PET).... 20 s

C2 = C1 + REO, that is,


after PET.

Note that in idle mode, MS only scans the BCCH frequencies in the neighbor list
of the serving cell. Thus, C1 and C2 are basically adjacent cell properties.
C2 is calculated when PI is Y in that adjacent cell. But remember that PI is
not an adjacent cell parameter, it is a BTS parameter. It would be very tough
to assign values for the C2 parameters if these were treated as adjacent cell
parameters. QUA equal to N means that cell barring cannot be overridden.
Problems in Cell Reselection
Right now, cell reselection is basically intended to let the big portion of the 
SDCCH traffic  be carried by the 1800 layer. This is done by setting PI to Y 
and REO with a certain value ranging from 6 to 20dB in most of the 1800 cells.
When a mobile is camped to 1800 at -102dBm with an REO of 20dB, camping 
will only transfer in 900 if the received signal level from this cell is –84dBm or 
higher.
   
     C1(1800) = -102dBm – (-102dBm) = 0
     C2(1800) =  0 + 20 = 20
     C1  (900) = C2 (900), because usually, PI=N in 900. 
     C2  (900) > C2 (1800) to transfer the camping.
     If C2 (900) equals 21, then, 21>20. To get 21,
     21 = X – (-105dBm)
     X  = -105dBm + 21 = -84dBm
Future Application
The parameter PET in C2 can be used to prevent the 
unnecessary transfer of camping. PET can be set from 0 to 
640s. It only means that C2 can be very, very low within 5 
minutes if PET equals 300s. After this period, C2 can go 
up very quickly. This scenario is best applied between a 
macrocell and a microcell to prevent an MS from 
reselecting the microcell if the MS is fast-moving.
TAPOS NA PO!!!