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Electromagnetic Wave

Shielding
Objectives

To simulate and design an EMI Shield.

To select an appropriate material system and


carryout experimental design.

To measure the shielding parameters


(bsorption !oe"cient# $e%ection !oe"cient
and SE& variation 'ith (re)uency.

To use the simulated value as the guideline


(or the design and implementation o( an EMI
Shield over a range o( (re)uency.
What is
E*E!$OM+,ETI!
S-IE*.I,+/

EMI Shielding aims to shield a particular device


or 0one (rom the inter(erence1jamming via an
e2ective placement o( shielding materials so
as to reduce the level o( electromagnetic
energy radiated by or coupled into electronic
e)uipment.

EMI shielding re%ects# absorbs or redirects


electromagnetic 'aves to prevent inter(erence
(rom a2ecting sensitive e)uipment.
4ormulation

Shielding e"ciency

5ermittivity

5ermeability

!he'6s $ecursive (ormula

+enetic lgorithm
S-IE*.I,+ E44I!IE,!7
SE against electromagnetic (EM& 'aves
is measured in terms o( shielding
e2ectiveness (SE&.
It is de8ned as the ratio of the signal
received (from transmitter) without the
shield to the received signal )inside the
shield.
SE(db&9:;log<;=Ei1Et= 9:;log<;=-i1-t=#
9:;log<;=5i15t=

5ermittivity > The permittivity o( a


medium describes ho' much electric
8eld (more correctly# %ux& is
?generated? per unit charge in that
medium.

5ermeability > It is the degree o(


magneti0ation o( a material in
response to a magnetic 8eld.

It is represented by @AB.
Material Parameter
Material Parameter
.esign parameter
.esign parameter


t
r
Zs
!-EW6S recursive (ormula
Csed (or evaluation o( re%ection
coe"cient (or multilayer structure.

It is a generali0ed re%ection coe"cient
at inter(ace bet'een ith and (iD<&th
layer.
i and i are the complex permittivity and
permeability# respectively# (or the ith layer#
and
Ei#0 9 :

Simulation $esults
4uture 5lans on This 5roject

To implement it using +enetic


lgorithm.

To design it (or more than one


band'idth o( (re)uencies.

To design it (or a range o( incident


angles.

To (abricate the material in a cost


e2ective and e"cient manner.
$e(erences
Michielssen# E.# F. Sajer# S. $anjithan# and $. Mittra# @.esign
o( light'eight# broad>band micro'ave absorbers using
genetic algorithms#B
IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques# Gol. H<# ,o. I1J# <;:HK<;L<# Fune1Fuly <MML.
!ui# S.# .. Weile# and F. GolaEis# @,ovel planar
electromagentic
absorber designs using genetic algorithms#B
IEEE Trans. On ntennas and !ro"agation# Gol. NH# <O<<K<O<J# :;;I.
IEEE Standard :MMP<MMJ ($evision o( IEEE Standard
:MMP<MM<&# IEEE #tandard Method for Measuring the
E$ectiveness of Electromagnetic #hielding Enclosures# The
Institute o( Electrical and Electronics Engineers# Inc.# ,e'
7orE# <MMO.

Micheli# ..# !. pollo# $. 5astore# et al.#


QOptimi0ation o( multilayer shields made o(
composite nanostructured materials#R
IEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic %om"ati&ility# Gol.
NH#,o. <# I;PIM# :;<:.

MarEham# ..# QShieldingS Tuanti(ying the


shielding re)uirements (or portable electronic
design and providing ne' solutions by using a
combination o( materials and design#R
Materials and 'esign#Gol. :<# ,o. <# HNPN;# :;;;.

Fie# 7.# +. Uiao# and M.>S. !ao# Q novel method o(


computation and optimi0ation (or multi>layered
radar absorbing coatings using open source
so(t'are#R
Materials and 'esign# Gol. :J# HNPN:# :;;I.

O, T-E .ESI+, ,. $E*IVI*IT7 ,*7SIS O4


E*E!T$OM+,ETI! VSO$VE$S CSI,+ $E*>
!O.E. +E,ETI! *+O$IT-M ,. MO,TE !$*O
SIMC*TIO,
-. +argama# S. W. !haturvedi and . W. ThaEur
!rogress In Electromagnetics (esearch )* +ol. ,-*
./01.23*45.46

O, T-E O5TIM* .ESI+, O4 MC*TI*7E$


MI!$OWGE VSO$VE$S
,. .ib# M. si and . Sabbah
!rogress In Electromagnetics (esearch %* +ol. .-* .3.7
.28* 45.5
T-,W
7OC