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HIGHWAY AND URBAN

STREET OPERATIONS
Traffic Engineering
HIGHWAY AND URBAN
STREET OPERATIONS
-Arterial and local street operations make use of street marking signs and
signals controlled in several ways by either fixed setting or computerized
system. Despite the existence of freeways and highways, arterial road offers
most advantageous route for longer trips.

ARTERIAL ROADS
Highway Engineering
ARTERIAL ROADS
Arterial Streets are considered substitute for a controlled access when traffic
volume exceeds 20,000 vehicles per day.

Basic consideration in planning arterial roads
1. Selection of convenient route
2. Studies of traffic volume
3. Origin and destinations
4. Accident experienced.

ARTERIAL ROADS
When traffic volume exceeds the capacity of the arterial roads, the following
solutions are employed:
1. Parking is strictly prohibited during peak hour on one or both side of the
streets.
2. No parking is allowed several meters away on each side of intersections.
3. Allowing right turns on red signal or providing special provisions for these
turns outside through the lanes.
4. Eliminating left turns at congested intersections.
5. Reversing the flow of traffic in the center lanes to accommodate more
lanes in the direction of heavier flow.

ONE-WAY STREETS
Highway Engineering
ONE-WAY STREETS
One Way Street are those where traffic moves in one direction only. Making one way
traffic is based on the number of important advantages over the two way operation
such as:

1. Bigger Capacity.
2. Fewer Stops and Increasing Speed.
3. Improvised Pedestrian Movement.
4. Reduced Accidents.
5. Elimination od Headlight Glare.

Though, one-way traffic have meet oppositions from business group for it may
increased the travel distance to reach certain location.


TRAFFIC CONTROL
Traffic Engineering
STOP SIGN
Traffic Engineering
STOP SIGN
-Stop signs are used globally and are used to control conflicting traffic
movements at intersections which are not busy enough to justify the
installation of a traffic signal
-Sometimes it is not intended for use as a traffic calming device but is meant
to be installed mainly for safety or to assign right-of-way for a certain
direction.
YIELD SIGN
Traffic Engineering
YIELD SIGN
-The purpose of a Yield sign is to regulate right-of-way control at locations
where the normal roadway right-of-way rule does not sufficiently regulate
traffic movements and a stop regulation at one or more of the approaches is
too restrictive.
The Yield Sign could be compromised between the full stop and no control.
The traffic Manual recommended its use under the following conditions.

1. That its benefit include decreased operations costs.
2. Lower contributions to air pollution
3. Passage time reduction of 2 to 6 seconds.
4. Lower accident frequency.


THATS ALL!
Thank you!