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Rizal: The Novelist

The Novels of Rizal


1. Noli Me Tangere (March 29, 1887)
2. El Filibusterismo (Sept. 19, 1891)
3. Third Novel, Untitled and Unfinished, 44 pages
(start - October 18, 1891)
4. Makamisa, Unfinished, 8 pages
5. Dapitan, Unfinished, 8 pages (start exile years in
Dapitan)
6. Sixth Novel, Untitled and Unfinished, 147 pages
7. Seventh Novel, Untitled and Unfinished, 34 pages
8. Eight Novel, Untitled and Unfinished, 31 pages

Noli Me Tangere
(Touch Me Not)

1. Sponsored by
Maximo Viola
2. Published in Berlin,
Germany
3. Inspired by Uncle
Toms Cabin by
Harriet Beecher
Stowe and Doa
Perfecta by Benito
Perez Galdoz
El Filibusterismo
(The Reign of Greed)


1. Sponsored by
Valentin Ventura
2. Published in Ghent,
Belgium
3. Inspired by The
Count of Monte Cristo
by Alexander Dumas


















Noli Me Tangere
(Touch Me Not)

4. Book Cover

El Filibusterismo (The
Reign of Greed)

4. Book Cover


















Noli Me Tangere
(Touch Me Not)

5. Impact of the Novel

A. Exposes the
inequities of the
Spanish clergy and
ruling government
B. Rizal became an
enemy and likewise a
praised celebrity

El Filibusterismo
(The Reign of Greed)

5. Impact of the Novel

A. Exposes the
inequities of the
Spanish clergy and
ruling government
B. The novel create a
sense of Filipino
identity






















Noli Me Tangere
(Touch Me Not)

5. Impact of the Novel

C. The novel create a
sense of Filipino
identity
D. It indirectly
influenced the
Philippine revolution

El Filibusterismo
(The Reign of Greed)

5. Impact of the Novel

C. It indirectly
influenced the
Philippine revolution





















Noli Me Tangere
(Touch Me Not)

5. Impact of the Novel

E. UST banned the Noli
stating that it was,
heretical, impious, and
scandalous in the
religious order and
anti-patriotic,
subversive of public
order, injurious to.
El Filibusterismo
(The Reign of Greed)

5. Impact of the Novel






















Noli Me Tangere
(Touch Me Not)

5. Impact of the Novel

the government of
Spain and its function
in the Philippine
islands in the political
order
F. Critics:
- Fr. Jose Rodriguez
made a series of




Noli Me Tangere
(Touch Me Not)
5. Impact of the Novel

eight pamphlets titled
Cuestiones de Sumo
Interes blasting out
the Noli
- Vicente Barrantes
who made a criticism
of the novel published
in La Espaa
Moderna




Noli Me Tangere
(Touch Me Not)

5. Impact of the Novel





On Defense:
Rev. Vicente Garcia, a
Filipino Catholic priest
wrote a defense of the Noli
Noli Me Tangere
(Touch Me Not)

6. Meaning of the title
a. Biblical meaning
b. Leper Victim
meaning
c. Cancer Victim
meaning


El Filibusterismo
(The Reign of Greed)

6. Meaning of the title
a. An act of
subversion especially
attempting to
overthrow or cause
the destruction of
an established or
legally constituted
government


















Approaches in studying Rizals
Novels
A. Literary
B. Historical
The Story
1. A story of homecoming or coming back
2. A story of exposition
3. A story of hope and frustration
4. A story with no conclusion



Symbolic Characters
1. Crisostomo Ibarra
A redeemer and an angel of peace
- A romantic hero
- A social reformer
2. Simoun
- A redeemer and a devil of justice
- An anarchist hero
- A destroyer and creator

3. Elias
4. Kapt. Tiago
5. Doa Victorina and Doa Consolacion
6. Maria Clara
7. Sisa
8. Manang Rufa, Manang Penchang, and
Manang Bali
Symbolic Objects
1. The House of Kapitan Tiago
2. Bapor Tabo
Lessons to Learn from the Novels
A. A lesson on Revolution
B. A lesson on Change
C. A lesson for the People in the
Government or People in Power
D. A lesson of Characters
E. A lesson of the Past