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But, the British were still competing
with other European nations for
influence in India
1700-1750: Problems
After 1700 the East India Company face
many problems, as the activity on pages 23-
25 demonstrates. After you have played the
game, you should be able to answer this
did the
EI C face?
The British EIC had Bombay, Calcutta and
Madras and at first the British did not want
more land.
But then war broke out between rival Indian
princes, and the French interfere making
the Indians trade with France (and not
The EIC would be forced out of India,
unless something changed
1700-1750: Problems
Robert Clive Conquers India
(See pages 34-38 for more details)
Robert Clive worked
in an office for the
EIC but he was
getting bored
The EICs force of
armed guards was
growing into an army;
Clive joined them as
an officer
In 1751 Clive led 500
men against 10,000
French and Indian
soldiers and won!
Clive led the EICs
army to victory
many more times,
forcing the French
out and making the
East India Company
very powerful it
wasnt the British
government taking
over India it was a
British business!

From about 1800AD British Christians tried
to change Indian customs
The Hindu practice Sati is believed to have originated
some 700 years ago in India.
Women burnt themselves after their men were
defeated in battles to avoid being taken by the victors.
But it came to be seen as a measure of wifely
devotion in later years and sometimes relatives would
tie-up the wife, forcing her to die.
The custom was outlawed by India's British rulers in
1829 following demands by Indian reformers. But
many Indians were against change especially when
forced by the British.
Today it happens only once every few years and
causes outrage across India and the world.
The 1857-58 Indian Mutiny/The
1857-58 War of Independence
The pay of Indian soldiers (sepoys) - who were
working for the EIC army - was cut
There were rumours that the sepoys would have to
convert from Hinduism or Islam to Christianity
Near Delhi some sepoys murdered their British
officers and a revolt started against the British
across India
Many 100s of British men, women and children
were butchered - Cawnpore saw terrible atrocities
Then the British got their revenge..

At Cawnpore the British
made anyone suspected
of being a rebel lick the
ground where the British
had been butchered
Other rebels were tied to
the mouths of cannons
and blown to pieces
1000s died from both
sides, and the
relationships between
the British and the
Indians would never be
the same again..
The British Raj, 1858-1947
In 1858 in response to the
rebellion, the British Government
abolished the East India Company
and declared that India would be
ruled directly by the British
The army brought more British
officers to India to prevent
anymore rebellions
This British raj, meaning rule,
would continue until a man called
Gandhi led India to
independence.youll find out
about him in the Year 8 Human
Rights, Human Wrongs topic..

The subcontinent of I ndia lies in south Asia, between Pakistan,
China and Nepal. To the north it is bordered by the world's highest
mountain chain, where foothill valleys cover the northernmost of
the country's 26 states. Further south, plateaus, tropical rain forests
and sandy deserts are bordered by palm fringed beaches .

5,000 year old civilization
325 languages spoken 1,652 dialects
18 official languages
29 states, 5 union territories
3.28 million sq. kilometers - Area
7,516 kilometers - Coastline
1,000,000,000 people in 2000
Parliamentary form of Government
Secular democratic constitution
Worlds largest democracy since 55 years
largest economy
Fastest growing IT super power
Indian Railways ,the biggest employer in the world.
India's history goes back to 3,200 BC when
Hinduism was first founded. Buddhism,
Jainism, Sikhism. Judaism. Zoroashtrianism,
Christianity and Islam all exist within the
country today.

The Great Indian Epics
Longest Epic in world
literature with 100,000
two-line stanzas
The first Indian epic
Indus Valley Civilization- one of the worlds
first great urban civilizations.

Harappa Civilization- 2700BC
Worlds first university in Takshila 700 B.C
Sanskrit Language most suitable for computer
Ayurveda- earliest school of medicine known to humans

- Made in India
Origin 5000 BC
Documented by
200 BC 300 AD
Origin of Martial arts 200 BC
August , 1947
Indian Independence
January , 1950
Republic- India
National Emblem
Truth alone triumphs
National Bird - Peacock

National Flower - Lotus
Invented the Zero
Mahatma Gandhi
Father of the nation
Embodiment of Non- Violence
Swami Vivekananda
Champion of humanitarianism
Great Indian Mathematician
Postulated and proved 3,542 theorems
Rabindranath Tagore
1913 Nobel Prize in Literature
1930 - Nobel Laureate in Physics
Work on scattering of light and Raman effect
C.V Raman
1979 Nobel Prize in Peace
Mother Teresa
1968 - Nobel Laureate in Medicine
Work on interpretation of the genetic code
Har Gobind Khorana
Subramanyan Chandrasekhar
1983 - Nobel Laureate in Physics
Work on structure and evolution of stars
45 folk dances
Bharata Natyam
Mohini Attam
India - Gods own country
Celebrates more than 65 festivals
Places of historic importance
Tirumala - Tirupati
Worlds richest temple
Saint Thomas Cathedral
Statue of Virgin Mary brought from Portugal in 1543

The Golden Temple
Jamma Masjid
The biggest mosque in India
Thousand pillar temple
Gateway of India
Mysore Palace
Illuminated by 97,000 light bulbs
Dal Lake
Jewel in the crown of Kashmir
The Taj Mahal
Calcutta City of joy
Wettest place on earth
We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count,
without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have
been made.
-Albert Einstein

India is,the cradle of the human race,the birthplace of human
speech, the mother of history,the grandmother of legend, and
the great grand mother of tradition.Our most valuable and
most instructive materials in the history of man are treasured
up in India only.
-Mark Twain

Jai Hind