Sie sind auf Seite 1von 30

The

witch said: I have found my

hat.
The witch said that she had found
her hat.

The

doctor said to his mother: Dont


worry
The doctor said to her mother not to
worry.

She

said: Why is Mickey sad today?


She asked him why Mickey was sad that
day.

The

witch said: I have found my hat.


The witch said that she had found her hat.
The

doctor said to his mother: Dont


worry
The doctor said to her mother not to worry.
She

said: Why is Mickey sad today?


She asked him why Mickey was sad that
day.

REPORTED
SPEECH

You

said: The cat hardly ever takes a


shower .

You

said: The cat hardly ever takes a


shower .
You said that the cat hardly ever took a
shower.

DIRECT
SPEECH

INDIRECT
SPEECH

REPEAT ORIGINAL
SPEAKERS EXACT
WORDS

GIVE THE EXACT


MEANING OF A
SPEECH WITHOUT
THE SAME WORDS

MY MOTHER SAID:
YOU ARE
SEARCHING YOUR
KEYS

SHE SAID THAT I


WAS SEARCHING
MY KEYS

VERB
TO BE

George

PAST
VERB
TO BE

said: I am the best student.


George said that he was the best student.

PRESENT
CONTINIOUS

Bill

PAST
CONTINIOUS

said: I am writing a poem for my


girlfriend
Bill said that he was writing a poem for his
girlfriend

SIMPLE
PRESENT

Jack

SIMPLE
PAST

said: I buy a nice car the day before


yesterday
Jack said that he bought a nice car two
days before

SIMPLE
PAST

The

PAST
PERFECT

boy said:I didnt do my homework


yesterday.
The boy said that he hadnt done his
homework the day before.

PRESENT
PERFECT

My

PAST
PERFECT

father said: I have cooked a delicious


mashed potatoes today
My father said that he had cooked a
delicious mashed potatoes that day.

PRESENT
PERFECT
CONTINUOUS

Prim

PAST PERFECT
CONTINUOUS

said : I have played with my cat


yesterday.
Prim said that she had played with her cat
the day before.

FUTURE
WITH
WILL

Anastasia

CONDITIONAL

explained: I will get in married


next year.
Anastasia explained that she would get in
married the following year .

FUTURE
CONTINUOUS

My

CONDITIONAL
CONTINUOUS

family will be skating the day after


tomorrow,I said
I said that my family would be skating in
two days time.

DIRECT

INDIRECT

TODAY

THAT DAY

YESTERDAY

THE DAY BEFORE

THE DAY BEFORE YESTERDAY

TWO DAYS BEFORE

TOMORROW

THE NEXT DAY/ THE


FOLLOWING DAY

THE DAY AFTER TOMORROW

IN TWO DAYS TIME

NEXT WEEK/YEAR, ETC.


LAST WEEK/ YEAR, ETC.
A YEAR(ETC.)AGO

THE FOLLOWING WEEK/


YEAR,ETC.
THE PREVIOUS WEEK/
YEAR,ETC.
A YEAR BEFORE/ THE
PREVIOUS YEAR

VERB
TO BE

PAST
VERB
TO BE

SIMPLE
PRESENT

SIMPLE
PAST

SIMPLE
PAST

PAST
PERFECT

FUTURE
WITH
WILL

CONDITI
ONAL

PRESENT
CONTINIOU
S

PRESENT
PERFECT
CONTINUOUS

PRESENT
PERFECT

FUTURE
CONTINUOUS

PAST
CONTINIOUS

PAST PERFECT
CONTINUOUS

PAST
PERFECT

CONDITIONAL
CONTINUOUS

REPORTED
SPEECH

SAY AND TELL


SAY

Peter said:I wrote a


letter yesterday
I wrote a letter
yesterday, Peter said
I wrote a letter
yesterday said Peter
I wrote a letter
yesterday Peter said to
me

Peter

said that had


written a letter the
day before

SAY AND TELL


TELL

They told George:


the exam will be easy
tomorrow
The exam will be easy
tomorrow they told
him.

They

told me that
the exam could be
easy the next day.

COMMANDS
DIRECT SPEECH
AFFIRMATIVE

FORM
Henry said to
Jenny Come here

INDIRECT SPEECH
AFFIRMATIVE

FORM
Henry said to Jenny
to come here

COMMANDS
DIRECT SPEECH
NEGATIVE

FORM
Sue said to Alonso
Dont worry
Mike said to you
Dont smoke

INDIRECT SPEECH
NEGATIVE

FORM
Sue said to him not
to worry.
Mike said to you not
to smoke.

REPORTED
SPEECH

QUESTIONS

YES-NO
QUESTIONS

WH
QUESTIONS

QUESTIONS
YES NO QUESTIONS
ASK

WANT
TO
KNOW

SAID

WONDER

INQUIRE

YES NO QUESTIONS

DIRECT

SPEECH
Lou asked his wife:
had you brought
your pet at home?
The student
said:May I come in
?

INDIRECT

SPEECH
Lou asked his wife
IF she had brought
her pet at home.
The student asked
him IF he might
come in

QUESTIONS
WH QUESTIONS

WHEN
WHO

HOW

WHERE

WHY

WH QUESTIONS
DIRECT

SPEECH
He asked
them:WHERE do
you go?
Joe asked to
Mary:WHO was
painting the walls?

INDIRECT

SPEECH
He wanted to know
WHERE you were .
They wondered her
WHO had been
painting the walls.