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Types of IC Engines
According to the basic engine design
1. Reciprocating engine
2. Rotary engine
According to method of ignition
1. Spark ignition engine
2. Compression ignition engine
According to the number of strokes per cycle
1. Two stroke
2. Four stroke
3. Six stroke

Reciprocating Engine

Rotatory engine

According to the type of fuel

1. Petrol engine
2. Diesel engine
3. Gas engine
According to the cycle of operation
1. Otto cycle engine
2. Diesel cycle engine
3. Dual cycle engine
According to the number of cylinders
1. Single cylinder
2. Multi cylinder

According to the arrangement of the cylinder

1. Horizontal engine
2. Vertical engine
3. V-shaped engine
4. Radial engine
5. W-shaped engine
According to the method of cooling
1. Air cooled engine
2. Water cooled engine

Vertical Engine

Horizontal Engine

V Shaped Engine

Radial Engine

W - Shaped

Spark Ignition
The combustion process of the air-fuel mixture is
ignited by a spark from a spark plug and fuel is burnt
in the combustion chamber.
It uses Petrol as fuel.
Compression ratio is less.


Petrol Engine

Compression Ignition
It uses the heat of compression to initiate ignition and
burn the fuel that has been injected into the
combustion chamber.
It uses Diesel as fuel.
Compression ratio is more.

Diesel Engine

4 Stroke Engine

Suction Stroke
Compression Stroke
Power Stroke
Exhaust Stroke

There are 2 type of valves - a) Inlet Valve
b) Exhaust Valve
The valve which allows mixture into the cylinder is
the inlet valve; the one through which the spent gases
escape is the exhaust valve.
They are designed to open and close at precise
moments, to allow the engine to run efficiently at all

Valve Timing
The valve timing is the precise timing of the opening
and closing of the valves.
The 4-stroke cycle
1 = TDC
2 = BDC
A: Intake

B: Compression
C: Power
D: Exhaust

Valve Train
It is a device that controls the operation of the valves, in
which a sequence of components transmits motion
throughout the assembly. A traditional reciprocating
internal combustion engine uses valves to control air and
fuel flow into and out of the cylinders, facilitating

Engine Balancing
For complete balancing we have to Balance Rotating Mass
Reciprocating Mass
Firing Forces

Engine Cooling
Air Cooling
Oil Cooling
Water Cooling

Engine Cooling Water Cooled

Engine Cooling Parts

It is a type of air compression device powered by the engine
crankshaft. It is a way of increasing engine power by forcing
more air into the cylinder so that more power can be produced
from each power stroke

A turbocharger is a supercharger that is driven by the
engine's exhaust gases, by means of a turbine. It consists
of a two piece, high-speed turbine assembly with one
side that compresses the intake air, and the other side
that is powered by the exhaust gas outflow.

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