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COMMERCIAL GEOGRAPHY

Section A (World)

Section B (Pakistan)

SAMEER HUSSAIN

Chapter # 1 - Introduction
The word geography is a combination of two Greek words GEO
means the earth and GRAPHY means description. So geography
means description of earth.

SAMEER HUSSAIN

Chapter # 1 - Introduction
1.

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY:

2.

SOCIAL GEOGRAPHY:

Physical geography is the branch of geography that studies physical


phenomena on earths surface.
Social geography is the branch of geography that covers population aspects
and human activities that consist of economic, politics, social and cultural
activities.

SAMEER HUSSAIN

Chapter # 1 - Introduction
1.

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY:

Geology:
Pedology:
Astronomy:
Oceanology:
Climatology:
Meteorology:
SAMEER HUSSAIN

Structure, composition,
history, & development
process of earth.

Kinds & formation process


of soil.
Celestial bodies.
Physical & chemical
properties of sea water.
Climate.
Weather.

Volcanology:
Seismology:

Geophysics:

Biogeography:

Volcanos.
Earthquakes.

Properties of the inner


part of the earth with
physical methods such
as measuring
earthquake,
gravitation, magnetic
field.
Living organism.
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Chapter # 1 - Introduction
1.

SOCIAL GEOGRAPHY:

Human
Geography:

Anthropogeography:
Political
Geography:
Urban
Geography:
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Social economy, and culture


of population.
Spreading of races on earth,
seen from geographical
point of view.
Geographical conditions
seen specifically.
Urban regions, including the
society.

Regional
Geography:

Population
geography:
Economic
Geography:
Rural
Geography:

Certain region
specifically.
Number, spreading and
composition of
population.
Economic activities of
population in a certain
region.
Condition of rural areas,
including the society.
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Chapter # 1 - Introduction

Study of Agricultural Resources:


Study of Mineral Resources:

Market Study:
Study of Means of Transportation:
Study of Industrial Resources:

SAMEER HUSSAIN

Chapter # 1 - Introduction

Advantages for
Students:

Advantages for
Landlords:
Advantages for
Industrialists:
Advantages for
Traders:
SAMEER HUSSAIN

Become successful businessmen, industrialists, traders, landlords, &


bankers.
Know about the various kinds of seeds, methods, crops, & products.
Also know the modern methods of cultivation, use of machines, betters
seeds, & fertilizers.
Hire cheap labour, raw material, search new markets for his products.
He can get cheap raw material, areas where such material is use.

Chapter # 1 - Introduction

Advantages for
Bankers:
Solution of
Poverty &
Unemployment:
Import &
Export Trade:

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Knowledge of the sources of the different countries to invest.


Sources & distribution of population. In this way unemployed person
can be migrated those areas where there is shortage of labour & earn
their livelihood.
Important for import & export.