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Review for

Test

Mixtures
A

mixture is a combination of two or more


substances

Mixtures
Mixtures
Made of elements,
compounds or both
Heat or electricity not
required for separating
the elements
Made using any ratio of
the elements

Heterogeneous Mixtures
The

different components can be seen as


individual substances.

Examples of Heterogeneous mixtures


Suspensions
A

mixture which has large particles which


can be seen with the eye
Can be evenly distributed by shaking the
contents, but the components will settle
out.

Homogeneous Mixtures
Have

the same composition throughout


The components cant be seen as
individual particles

Type of Homogenous Mixtures

A solution is a mixture that appears to be


a single substance.

In a solution, the solute is the substance


that is dissolved.(Ex:salt, sugar)

The solvent is the substance in which the


solute is dissolved in (Ex : liquid)

Remember that the Solvent is the Vast or


larger substance think of the V in
solvent

Example of Homogeneous Mixtures


Liquid

solutions include- Soda, Gasoline,


Tap water.
Solutions may also be gases such as air.
Solutions

may also be solids, such as steel.

Colloids
Is

a mixture in which the particles are


spread throughout but are not large
enough to settle out

Other food colloids include:


Examples

are (dont write everything- just


the bold and underlined

milk, mayonnaise, butter, whipped


cream

Methods of Separation of
Mixture
Filtering

Evaporation
Distillation
Dissolving

Soluble and Insoluble


Insoluble: The inability of
a substance to dissolve in
another substance (Ex:
Pepper, Sand)

Soluble :the ability of


one substance to
dissolve within
another substance.
Ex: Salt , Sugar

Mass, Volume
and Density
Notes

Mass
Mass

is the amount of matter that makes up an


object.

The

We

SI unit for mass is the gram.

measure mass with a scale

Volume
Volume

is the amount of
space an object consumes.
The unit for volume is the
liter.

Volume of Regular Objects


of a box would be found by using
Volume = length x width x height.
In this case the units would be cubic
centimeters (cm3).
So a box 2 cm x 3 cm x 5cm would have a
volume of 30cm3 volume of 30 cm3
5 cm

Volume

3 cm

Volume of Irregular Objects


We measure volume of
irregular objects with a
graduated cylinder.

This method is called water


displacement

The volume of irregular object


is in ml (milliliters)

Water Displacement
Pour

7 ml of water in a
graduated cylinder. If a
rock causes the level to
rise to 9 ml, the rock
must have a volume of 2
ml.

Density
Density

is the amount of matter (mass) compared


to the amount of space (volume) the object
occupies.
Density = mass/volume
Unit for density are g/ml or g/cm3
Remember, all fractions are division problems.