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What We Can Learn From

each animals

form (movement in water)


devices that can make work/human life








Bio – Design: Animal – Inspired Inventions .

These tight fitting suits are made out of a fabric which was designed to mimic the properties of a shark's skin by superimposing vertical resin stripes. Research has shown that such garments can reduce drag by 8% over ordinary swimsuits .Swimsuits made with new fibers and weaving techniques are produced to cling tightly to the swimmer's body and reduce drag as much as possible. . Surface Drag and Swimsuits Inspired by Shark Skin .

serve as the model for USA Defense plane . John Pearce studied the pit vipers. .The snake's pit is a thin membrane rich in blood vessels and nerve bundles – sensitive .researchers discovered that pit viper's search-and-destroy mechanism can be adapted more widely to protect the country from enemy missiles . USA Takes the Viper as a Model in Its Defense .Dr.

Parker and his colleagues .Work is currently under way to reduce the angular reflection of infrared (heat) and other light waves by mimicking the fly-eye structure. .515-Million-Year-Old Optic Design .how to greatly increase the efficiency of solar absorbers and solar panels used to provide energy for satellites. . .Andrew R.Most suitable for use in solar panel surfaces. the fly-eye grating has also done away with the necessity for expensive equipment to ensure that these panels are always directly facing the Sun.

the other 90% of the energy being wasted as heat compared to fireflies with 100% energy produce light .  A normal household bulb has a productivity level of 10%. that produce light in the Luciferase  enzyme that reacts with Luciferin  The beetle can turn the light on and off by varying the amount of air entering its cells from its breathing tubes. 100% Efficient Light-Generating Fireflies  Luciferin   chemical in the cell fireflies‟ greeny-yellow tip of their abdomen.

and then change direction  This behavior of locusts is being studied that might be the solution for heavy traffics . A Solution to Traffic Problems from Locusts!  Locusts never collide with one another led to the opening of a whole new scientific horizon  Experiments determined that locusts send out an electronic signal to any body approaching them to identify that body's location.

bags and shoes able to change colors the same way as the chameleon does . Chameleons and Clothes that Change Color .Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). clothes with ability to change colors and patterns in seconds by means of a switch on the pack is envisioned by researchers . is aimed at making clothes.chameleon can camouflage itself at a speed that quite amazes people .by the newly discovered fiber. USA.

the stenocara's water capture system is basically a special feature in its back where the surface is covered in tiny bumps.the surface of the regions between each bump is wax-coated tpyet the bumps themselves are wax free which lets them collect water productively. But due to its unique design the droplets form on the wings of the stenocara and and the droplets slide to the beetles mouth . . Stenocara: A Fully-Fledged Water Capturing Unit .after further examination on the beetle scientist have establishednthabit is a perfect water trapping model . -they extract water vapor from the air which is rare because the desert evaporates the droplets almost immediately due to heat and wind.

making the trains up to 20 percent more fuel efficient. . mostly thanks to its highly efficiently-shaped beak. but also slowed down the train.  The new. Birds’ Flight Methods as a Model for High-Speed Trains  Bullet Train Has a Nose Like a Kingfisher Beak  The kingfisher dives into the water from the air without making a splash.  Eiji Nakatsu realized that the same shape could solve Japan‟s ultra-fast bullet trains.  The nose of the train was pushing air at high speeds. which created a loud booming sound like a thunder clap whenever they exited a tunnel. kingfisher-inspired train nose eliminates this problem. creating a wall of wind that not only made the loud sound.

 Owl Flight and High-Speed Train Noise -owls make the least noise during flight( this is because they're wings have small toothed feathers called serrations) -since owl's have serrations they form smaller vortexes compared to other birds thus being minimizing noise during flight .now they succeeded in reducing the noise of they're trains using wing shaped pantographs based on the owl's serration .the Japanese tested on stuffed owls therefore witnessing the perfect wing design of the said bird .

The Japanese were inspired to develop reusable display signs. .Peacock Feathers and SelfChanging Display Signs .-With this technology we eliminate the idea of producing new signs as well as we prevent the use of toxic paints . .Keratin protein together with the brown feather pigment melenin allow light to refract so we can see the colors. thus eliminating some colors as to display the desired message .-The signs can be used repeatedly and imprint new images .

.  Fitted with a solar panel in its transparent „head‟. the 6-inch spy plane has wings shaped like those of the flying mammal.  The plane must be able to collect large amounts of surveillance data while running on only 1 watt of power. Solar-Powered Bat-Inspired Spy Plane  Bats have unwittingly become the inspiration for a government surveillance device.

Stronger Building Materials  “Skulls in general are extraordinary impact-resistant structures and extremely light at the same time as they protect the most important organs of an animal body and this performance and physical property can be applied in structure or architecture design. Bird Skulls Inspire Lighter.” says architect Andres Harris. . and the Biomimetic Architecture notes concept could also be applied material blog that this to cars.  Harris imagines mimicking the for a large pavilion.

 Bio-Inspired Computer Takes Cues from Cat Brains  The University of Michigan decided to study the feline brain in order to develop an intelligent computer. as opposed to the mammalian brain. This „memristor‟ can remember past voltages that passed through it in a way that is similar to memory and learning in the brain.  The idea is that current computers execute code in a linear fashion. .  Lu is in the process of developing a circuit element that behaves like biological synapses. which can process many things at once. Why cats? Computer engineer Wei Lu says it was simply a more realistic goal than mimicking the brain of a human.

the Ultracane warns blind users of objects in their path. .  A number of sensors on the cane even make it possible for users to sense objects higher than head height. Bat Sonar Navigation Helps the Blind Get Around  Ultracane wouldn‟t be possible without study of the way bats get around in pitch blackness.  In the same way that bats can “see” in the dark using ultrasonic echoes that reveal the location of obstacles.

and discovered that during this period. stiff materials are usually brittle and easily breakable.  engineers: making a material that is both stiff and tough. when they need their antlers to be at their strongest. The structure of deer antlers will likely become the basis of such.4 times stronger than wet bone. .  Dry. but deer antlers proved to be 2. the antlers dry out. Deer Antlers Inspire Basis of Super-Tough Materials  Scientists at the University of York in the UK studied antlers that were cut just before the stage when stags start dueling.

and lets them focus on objects at different distances.  This makes their eyes 350 times more sensitive than humans. giving geckos a multifocal optical system that allows light of different wavelengths to focus on the retina at the same time. .  These zones have different refractive powers. Contact Lenses of the Future Inspired by Gecko Eyes  Scientists have discovered that geckos have a series of distinct concentric zones in their eyes that make it possible for them to see colors at night. an ability few other creatures have.  The discovery may allow engineers to develop more effective cameras and possibly even multi-focal contact lenses.

. Beer-Foam-Like Bird Feather Colors Influence Optical Materials  that shade of blue is actually produced by nanostructures that self-assemble in much the same way as beer foam. These intricate optical structures. are being used to create a new generation of optical materials in the lab. and are replaced with air as the feather grows. which look like sponges with air bubbles under a microscope.  color-producing structures in feathers start out as bubbles of water inside living cells.