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What We Can Learn From


each animals

form (movement in water)


devices that can make work/human life








Bio Design:
Animal Inspired

Surface Drag and Swimsuits

Inspired by Shark Skin

- These tight fitting suits are

made out of a fabric which was
designed to mimic the properties of
a shark's skin by superimposing
vertical resin stripes.
- Swimsuits made with new fibers
and weaving techniques are produced
to cling tightly to the swimmer's
body and reduce drag as much as
possible. Research has shown that
such garments can reduce drag by 8%
over ordinary swimsuits

USA Takes the Viper as a Model

in Its Defense
- Dr. John Pearce studied the pit vipers.

- researchers discovered that pit viper's

search-and-destroy mechanism can be adapted
more widely to protect the country from enemy
- The snake's pit is a thin membrane rich

- serve as the model for USA Defense plane

515-Million-Year-Old Optic Design

- Andrew R. Parker and his colleagues
- how to greatly increase the efficiency of
solar absorbers and solar panels used to provide
energy for satellites.
- Work is currently under way to reduce the
angular reflection of infrared (heat) and other light
waves by mimicking the fly-eye structure.

- Most suitable for use in solar panel surfaces,

the fly-eye grating has also done away with the
necessity for expensive equipment to ensure that these
panels are always directly facing the Sun.

100% Efficient Light-Generating



chemical in the cell

fireflies greeny-yellow
tip of their abdomen.

that produce
light in the


enzyme that reacts with Luciferin

The beetle can turn the light on and off

by varying the amount of air entering its
cells from its breathing tubes.

A normal household bulb has a productivity

level of 10%, the other 90% of the energy
being wasted as heat compared to fireflies
with 100% energy produce light

A Solution to Traffic Problems

from Locusts!

Locusts never collide with one another led to the

opening of a whole new scientific horizon

Experiments determined that locusts send out an

electronic signal to any body approaching them to
identify that body's location, and then change

This behavior of locusts is being studied that might

be the solution for heavy traffics


and Clothes
that Change Color

- chameleon can camouflage

itself at a speed that quite amazes
- Massachusetts Institute of
Technology (MIT), USA, is aimed at
making clothes, bags and shoes able
to change colors the same way as
the chameleon does
- by the newly discovered fiber,
clothes with ability to change
colors and patterns in seconds by
means of a switch on the pack is
envisioned by researchers


A Fully-Fledged Water
Capturing Unit

- the stenocara's water capture system is

basically a special feature in its back where the
surface is covered in tiny bumps.
- the surface of the regions between each bump
is wax-coated tpyet the bumps themselves are wax
free which lets them collect water productively.
-they extract water vapor from the air which is
rare because the desert evaporates the droplets
almost immediately due to heat and wind. But due
to its unique design the droplets form on the
wings of the stenocara and and the droplets slide
to the beetles mouth
- after further examination on the beetle
scientist have establishednthabit is a perfect
water trapping model


Flight Methods as a Model for

High-Speed Trains

Bullet Train Has a Nose

Like a Kingfisher Beak

The kingfisher dives into the water from

the air without making a splash, mostly
thanks to its highly efficiently-shaped

Eiji Nakatsu realized that the same

shape could solve Japans ultra-fast
bullet trains, which created a loud
booming sound like a thunder clap whenever
they exited a tunnel.

The nose of the train was pushing air at

high speeds, creating a wall of wind that
not only made the loud sound, but also
slowed down the train.

The new, kingfisher-inspired train nose

eliminates this problem, making the trains
up to 20 percent more fuel efficient.

Owl Flight and High-Speed Train Noise

-owls make the least noise during flight(

this is because they're wings have small
toothed feathers called serrations)
-since owl's have serrations they form
smaller vortexes compared to other birds
thus being minimizing noise during flight
- the Japanese tested on stuffed owls
therefore witnessing the perfect wing design
of the said bird
- now they succeeded in reducing the noise
of they're trains using wing shaped
pantographs based on the owl's serration


Feathers and SelfChanging Display Signs

- Keratin protein together with the

brown feather pigment melenin allow
light to refract so we can see the
- The Japanese were inspired to develop
reusable display signs, thus
eliminating some colors as to display
the desired message ,
- -The signs can be used repeatedly and
imprint new images
- -With this technology we eliminate the
idea of producing new signs as well as
we prevent the use of toxic paints



Spy Plane

Bats have unwittingly become the inspiration

for a government surveillance device.

Fitted with a solar panel in its transparent

head, the 6-inch spy plane has wings shaped
like those of the flying mammal.

The plane must be able to collect large

amounts of surveillance data while running on
only 1 watt of power.


Skulls Inspire
Lighter, Stronger
Building Materials

Skulls in general are extraordinary

impact-resistant structures and extremely
light at the same time as they protect
the most important organs of an animal
body and this performance and physical
property can be applied in structure or
architecture design, says architect
Andres Harris,

Harris imagines mimicking the

for a large pavilion, and the
Biomimetic Architecture notes
concept could also be applied

that this
to cars.


Takes Cues from Cat Brains

The University of Michigan decided to study

the feline brain in order to develop an
intelligent computer.

The idea is that current computers execute

code in a linear fashion, as opposed to the
mammalian brain, which can process many
things at once.

Lu is in the process of developing a

circuit element that behaves like biological
synapses. This memristor can remember past
voltages that passed through it in a way
that is similar to memory and learning in
the brain. Why cats? Computer engineer Wei
Lu says it was simply a more realistic goal
than mimicking the brain of a human.


Sonar Navigation Helps the

Blind Get Around

Ultracane wouldnt be possible without study of the way

bats get around in pitch blackness.

In the same way that bats can see in the dark using
ultrasonic echoes that reveal the location of obstacles,
the Ultracane warns blind users of objects in their path.

A number of sensors on the cane even make it possible for

users to sense objects higher than head height.


Antlers Inspire
Basis of Super-Tough

Scientists at the University of York in

the UK studied antlers that were cut just
before the stage when stags start dueling,
when they need their antlers to be at
their strongest, and discovered that
during this period, the antlers dry out.

Dry, stiff materials are usually brittle

and easily breakable, but deer antlers
proved to be 2.4 times stronger than wet

engineers: making a material that is both

stiff and tough. The structure of deer
antlers will likely become the basis of

Contact Lenses of
the Future Inspired
by Gecko Eyes

Scientists have discovered that

geckos have a series of distinct
concentric zones in their eyes that
make it possible for them to see
colors at night, an ability few
other creatures have.

These zones have different

refractive powers, giving geckos a
multifocal optical system that
allows light of different
wavelengths to focus on the retina
at the same time.

This makes their eyes 350 times

more sensitive than humans, and
lets them focus on objects at
different distances.

The discovery may allow engineers

to develop more effective cameras
and possibly even multi-focal
contact lenses.

Beer-Foam-Like Bird Feather

Colors Influence Optical

that shade of blue is

actually produced by
nanostructures that self-assemble
in much the same way as beer foam.

color-producing structures in
feathers start out as bubbles of
water inside living cells, and are
replaced with air as the feather
grows. These intricate optical
structures, which look like
sponges with air bubbles under a
microscope, are being used to
create a new generation of optical
materials in the lab.