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Crane Safety

Vincent J. Giblin, General President

1293 Airport Road


Beaver, WV 25813

Phone: (304) 253-8674


Fax: (304) 253-7758
E-mail: hazmat@iuoeiettc.org

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

1926.550 Cranes and Derricks


b. Crawler, Locomotive and Truck Cranes
c. Hammerhead Tower Cranes

d. Overhead and Gantry


e. Derricks

f. Floating Cranes
g. Suspended Personnel Platforms
Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

1926.551

HELICOPTORS

1926.552

HOISTS AND ELEVATORS

1926.553

BASE-MOUNTED AND DRUM


HOISTS

1926.554

OVERHEAD HOISTS

1926.555

CONVEYORS

1926.556

AERIAL LIFTS
Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Must comply with the manufacturers


specifications or have engineers determination

No attachments exceeding limitations


All ratings, capacities, warnings and instructions
posted on equipment

All information visible to operator

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ANSI hand signals posted on site


Competent person for inspections
Documented through annual inspections
Wire rope inspection criteria
Guarding of moving parts
Swing radius barricaded
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Monitor exhaust in enclosed spaces


Windows - safety glass with no distortion
Safe access to cab
Fire extinguisher - minimum 5BC
Powerline clearance 10 ft. minimum

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Manufacturers approval for modifications


Employees clear of suspended loads
Must comply with ANSI B30.5 (except 5-2.1.5)
Must comply with PCSA #2 (Hydraulic)

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Powerline contact
Swing radius crushing

Structural failure
Rigging failure

Tipover
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Improper setup
Inadequate outrigger cribbing
Unstable ground (Utilities, uncompacted
soil, etc.)
Unlevel crane (Reduction in capacities upto
50%)
Inspection failure - damaged components
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Overload
Mechanical failure
Hydraulic failure
Impact loading
Side loading
Wind
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Minimum clearance 10 ft. up


50kV plus 0.4 inches for each
1kV over 50 kV.
In transit with no load
4 ft. - upto 50kV
10 ft - 50kv to 345kV
16 ft - upto 750kV
Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

When the crane moves to


within the booms length a
designated signal person is
required !

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Prohibited Zone
Upto 50 kV
50 to 200 kV

10 ft.
15 ft.

200 to 350 kV

20 ft.

350 to 500 kV

25 ft.

500 to 750 kV

35 ft.

750 to 1000 kV

45 ft.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Running Rope (Removal)


6 broken wires (random) in 1 lay
3 broken wires 1 strand 1 lay
Wear equal to 1/3 original diameter of
outside wires
Kinking, crushing, bird caging,
corrosion, etc.
Heat damage (any source)
Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Reduction in rope diameter


(removal)
1/64 for rope upto 5/16
1/32 for rope upto 1/2
3/64 for rope upto 3/4
1/16 for rope upto 7/8 to 1 1/8
3/32 for rope upto 1 1/4 to 1 1/2
Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Standing Rope
More than 2 broken wires in one lay
(beyond end connections)
More than 1 at the end connection

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Crane within 1% of level


Crane capacity reduced by 50%
Live boom machines prohibited
Boom angle indicator required
Anti two block device required

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Controlled load lowering required


(Free fall is prohibited)
Trial lift required

Loaded to anticipated weight


From ground to each anticipated
location
Repeated after each move
Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Proof test required

At each jobsite, test platform to


125% of rated capacity -ANSI 200%
Hold suspended for 5 minutes
Pre-lift meeting required

Operator, signalperson, personnel


to be lifted and supervision
Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Winds shall not exceed 15 mph (ANSI)


Taglines shall be used

Operator must remain at controls at all


times, when platform is occupied

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

500 lbs..

500 lbs..

600

600

450

1000

1000

450

1000

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300

1000
0
30lbs..

1000

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Shackle use
Use only the proper pin, never replace with
a bolt.

Never use a screw pin shackle if the


pin can roll under load.

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

One lay

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Wire rope

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Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Mechanical splice

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program

END
This publication was made possible
by grant numbers 5 U45 ES06182-13
AND 5 U45 ES09763-13 from the
National Institute of Environmental
Health Sciences (NIEHS), NIH. Its
contents are solely the responsibility
of the authors and do not necessarily
represent the official views of the
NIEHS, NIH.
Operating Engineers National Hazmat Program