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Network Servers

Chapter 13

Chapter Objectives

Describe Client-server and Peer to Peer network


model
Explain E-mail server
Explain Domain Name System
Explain Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
Describe Windows Internet Name Service
State the features of Network Operating System

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Recall

Types of wireless network:

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) or Ad-Hoc


Access Point or Infrastructure wireless LAN

802.11 is a standard created by Institute of Electrical


and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) for defining all
aspects of Radio Frequency Wireless networking
Applications are Wireless Local Area Network
(WLAN), Wireless Wide Area Network (WWAN),
Wireless Personal Area Network (WPAN) and
Mobile Computing

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Client-Server and Peer to Peer - I

Client Server

Consist of one or more


clients and only one
server
It is not possible for
one client to access
shared resources on
another client system

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Client-Server and Peer to Peer - II

Peer to Peer

Computers on the
network can have
access to resources
and data. The
computers act as both
clients and servers
Computers are able to
communicate with
each other and share
data with other users

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Types of Servers

Servers are classified depending on the nature of


work
Types:

File Server
Print Server
Mail Server
Database Server
FTP Server
DNS Server
DHCP Server
WINS Server

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Sharing Resources on Network

Networking tasks includes sharing files and network


recourses and setting up network security
User can share:

Internet connection among multiple computers


Several numbers of files, folders to avoid data
redundancy over Local Area Network

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E-Mail Server

Often referred as mail server


Receives and delivers e-mails over the network
Maintains a storage area for e-mails
Employs a set of user defined rules that determine
the strategy for mail server to respond according to
the destination of a specific message

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Domain Name System (DNS)

Technique used to provide standard naming


conventions for finding IP address configured hosts
Based on hierarchical and logical tree structure
called Domain Namespace
Internet domains are classified into various
categories like root or the top most level of the
Internet domain namespace

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DNS Namespace

Categories of top-level domains:


Organizational domain
Geographical domain
Reverse domain

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DNS Server

Contains information about the zones


Zones are continuous portion of the domain name
system namespace

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Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol


(DHCP)

Provides dynamic configuration of IP addresses on


time lease basis
Backward compatible with BOOTP
DHCP Server employs manual, automatic and
dynamic IP address allocation methods
Reduces administration of a TCP/IP network

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DHCP Server Responsibilities

Address Storage and Management


Configuration Parameter Storage and Management
Lease Management
Responding To Client Requests
Providing Administration Services

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DHCP Client Responsibilities

Configuration Initiation
Configuration Parameter Management
Lease Management
Message Retransmission

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IP Address Allocation

DHCP provides temporary IP address with a


particular amount of time
Methods of allocating IP address to the hosts:
Manual allocation IP addresses are manually
entered by server administrator
Automatic allocation Assigns the requesting client
an IP address from a pool of IP address
Dynamic allocation Makes use of IP address
request and permits process with time lease

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WINS - I

Windows Internet Name Service


Maps Network Basic Input/Output System
(NetBIOS) computer names to corresponding IP
addresses
Was created to resolve the problems of broadcastbased name resolution
WINS servers provide a means of browsing TCP/IP
network nodes beyond a local subnet router

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WINS - II

WINS Client Name Registration


In WINS database NetBIOS, the WINS-enabled
client registers the names of processes running
on it.
These client names should be renewed in the
WINS database
WINS Client Name Renewal

The renewal interval determines how long the server


stores the name registration as an active record in the
WINS database

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WINS III

WINS Client Name Release

NetBIOS names are released explicitly or silently

WINS Client Name Resolution

WINS server accepts clients name resolution request


A system name and a share name needs to be
specified by the user in order to connect to a network
drive

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WINS - IV

WINS Client Behaviour

Basic functions that a WINS client includes;


Startup
Plugging to subnet
Extended shutdowns
Establishing connections

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Troubleshooting WINS

Most WINS problems are not directly related to


WINS rather they are related to NetBIOS
Nbtstat is used to troubleshoot NetBIOS name
resolution problems
NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) resolves NetBIOS
names to IP addresses

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NOS - I

Network Operating System


An Operating System for computer that can be
connected in network
Organizes the activities of multiple computers
across a network
Windows NT (New Technology)

Contains advanced features for security, network


support, multitasking and user administration
Basically two products; Windows NT Workstation and
Windows NT Server

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NOS - II

Windows 2000

Improved version of Windows NT


No need to configure or use NetBIOS
Desktop and a server version of Windows 2000:

Windows 2000 Professional


Windows 2000 Server

Active directory - Centralized storage area of


information about network resources related to users,
applications, files and printers

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NOS - III

Windows 2003 Server

.NET version of the Windows 2000 server operating


system
Windows Server 2003 editions:

Small Business Server (Standard and Premium Edition)


Web Edition
Standard Edition
Enterprise Edition
Datacenter Edition

Windows XP Professional

Device support, user friendly and Remote Desktop


Multiple users can log in and use the system without
logging out the previous users

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NOS - IV

Novell Netware

Novell Corporation is a local-area network (LAN)


operating system
Netware supported different types of LAN
technologies from Ethernet to IBMs token-ring
networks

Linux

An open source computer operating system


Linux is based on UNIX operating system which was
designed to support networking

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Summary - I

In Client-Server model, server controls the network


In P2P network, all the PCs act as both clients and
servers
A Mail server is an application that receives e-mail from
local net users, remote users and delivers these e-mails
to the intended users
Name resolution is the process of mapping computer
names to their associated IP addresses and this service
is provided by DNS
Domain Name System (DNS) maps Fully Qualified
Domain Name (FQDN) to corresponding IP address

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Summary - II

DHCP protocol is an extension to the Bootstrap Protocol


(BOOTP) and used by the clients on the network to
obtain IP address automatically
DHCP provides temporary IP address with a particular
amount of lease time
Windows Internet Name Service maps Network Basic
Input/Output System (NetBIOS) computer names to
corresponding IP addresses
A network operating system (NOS) deals concurrent
requests from clients and provides the security
necessary in a multi-user environment

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