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Agenda:

Scan time of DCS & PLC

What does resolution (Eg: 12 BIT)

What is TOTAL SCAN time:


Remember that the TOTAL scan time is
generally the time it takes to look at the inputs
(to see which are on and which are off), execute
the program (the ladder logic program you
wrote), and update the outputs(turn on or off
the appropriate ones based on your program).
That's the general 3-step plan

What is TOTAL SCAN time:

What is TOTAL SCAN time:

Programming logic controller(PLC) scan


time depended following point.
Input Scan
Program Scan
Output Scan
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What is TOTAL SCAN time:

Input Scan :- Input terminals are read and


input image table is prepaid.
Program Scan :- Read input image table and
apply input status to the user then program
user Program executed and output image is
prepaid.
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What is TOTAL SCAN time:

. Output Scan :- Read output image provide


0 or 1 logic to the output device.
Scan Time :- It is time required to made
input process to logic and update output in one
cycle.

Scan time of DCS is more than the scan time of


PLC when the I/O's are digital
scan time of DCS is less than the scan time of
PLC when the I/O's are analog
Hence DCS is better when analog signals are
considered
Where as PLC is better when digital signals are
considered
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Main Advantage in DCS :

However DCS do handle both


analog and digital signals. It can also have more no.
of I/O's compared to PLC. About 1 lakh I/Os are
available in DCS. Hence we use DCS. .

Main Advantage in DCS :


A DCS has inherently multiple processor
capability thus making the functionality distributed
across a network. In a typical multi-processors (multinode) DCS architecture, Engineer has to put in less
efforts for inter-communication of the processors or one
controller can easily access the Tag(s) from the database
of the other .

This is possible now in PLC but more efforts have to be


put in

..
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Difference Between PLC & DCS:

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Agenda:
Scan time of DCS & PLC
What does resolution (Eg: 12 BIT)

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What is resolution?
Resolution in this context refers to the
conversion of an analog voltage to a digital
value in a computer (and vice versa). A
computer is a digital machine and thus stores a
number as a series of ones and zeroes.
If you are storing a digital 2-bit number you
can store 4 different values: 00, 01, 10, or 11.
Now, say you have a device which converts an
analog voltage between 0 and 10 volts into a 2bit digital value for storage in a computer. This
device will give digital values as follows:

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So in this example, the 2-bit digital value can


represent 4 different numbers, and the voltage
input range of 0 to 10 volts is divided into 4
pieces giving a voltage resolution of 2.5 volts
per bit. A 3-bit digital value can represent 8 (23)
different numbers.

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A 12-bit digital value can represent 4096


(212) different numbers. A 16-bit digital
value can represent 65536 (216) different
Example:
A voltage range of -10 volts to +10 volts
(20 volt total span) and returns a 12-bit
value. This gives a voltage resolution of
20/4096 or 0.00488 volts per bit (4.88
mV/bit).
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THANK YOU
Team- Instrumentation
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