Sie sind auf Seite 1von 16

PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS WITH

CAESAR II
by

Andrey Puruhita

PIPELINE STRESS ANALYSIS


WITH CAESAR II
What the different with piping stress ?
Pipeline burried modeling
Anchor block restrain
Load case combination & result

The difference of piping & pipeline


stress analysis
Piping modeling
Code requirement shall use
ASME B31.3
Aboveground
Many support or restrain
needed

Pipeline modeling
Code requirement use
ASME B31.4 for liquid &
B31.8 for gas transmission
Usually Underground
Shall use anchor block as a
restrain from abovegroundunderground conversely

Burried Pipe
Buried pipe deforms laterally in areas
immediately adjacent to changes in directions
In areas far removed from bends and tees the
deformation is primarily axial

PIPELINE BURRIED MODELING


The Buried Pipe Modeler is started by selecting an existing

job, and then choosing menu option Input-Underground from


the CAESAR II Main Menu
Enter the soil data using Buried Pipe - Soil Models
Describe the sections of the piping system that are buried,
and define any required fine mesh areas using the buried
element data spreadsheet
Convert the original model into the buried model by the
activation of option Buried Pipe - Convert Input

Input soil models

The buried element description spreadsheet serves


several functions
It allows the user to define which part of the piping system is
buried.
It allows the user to define mesh spacing at specific element
ends.
It allows the input of user defined soil stiffnesses

Burried pipe example

Anchor Block Restrain


Pipeline with a long distance needs block
valve, there were a change direction from
underground to aboveground
In this situation pipeline must be installed
with anchor block before and after
aboveground pipe

Why we need anchor block ?


To prevent stress failed on block valve due to
axial deformation of a long pipeline

Example of block valve modeling

Anchor block

Anchor block

Load Case Combination


To check stress analysis on pipeline shall use
several load case combination as folow :

Sustain Load ( W + P)
Thermal Load (T)
Combination Load ( W + T + P)

Caesar Stress Result

CAESAR II STRESS REPORT


FILE:FOR TUTORIAL
CASE 3 (OPE) W+T2+P1
DATE:OCT 1,2009
--Stress(lb./sq.in.)----(lb./sq.in.)-ELEMENT BENDING TORSION
SIF'S
ALLOWABLE
NODES
STRESS
STRESS IN/OUT PLANE STRESS STRESS %

HIGHEST STRESSES: (lb./sq.in.)


OPE STRESS %:
21.06 @NODE 90
STRESS:
12636.4 ALLOWABLE: 60000.0
BENDING STRESS:
3254.8 @NODE 90
TORSIONAL STRESS:
0.0 @NODE 49
AXIAL STRESS:
9455.2 @NODE 130
3D MAX INTENSITY:
30120.4 @NODE 20

60
70

1357.
919.

0. 1.000 / 1.000 10739. 60000. 18.


0. 1.000 / 1.000 10300. 60000. 17.

80
90

1461.
3255.

0. 1.000 / 1.000 10842.


0. 1.000 / 1.000 12636.

60000. 18.
60000. 21.

90
95

3255.
2703.

0. 1.000 / 1.000 12636.


0. 1.000 / 1.000 12085.

60000. 21.
60000. 20.

THANK YOU