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PRESENTED BY:- RISHI KUMRA ANIRBAN
PRESENTED BY:- RISHI KUMRA ANIRBAN
PRESENTED BY:- RISHI KUMRA ANIRBAN
PRESENTED BY:- RISHI KUMRA ANIRBAN
PRESENTED BY:- RISHI KUMRA ANIRBAN
PRESENTED BY:- RISHI KUMRA ANIRBAN
PRESENTED BY:-
RISHI KUMRA
ANIRBAN
What is an Input Device?
What is an Input Device?
Input Device are…….  Any peripheral (piece of computer hardware equipment) used to provide data and
Input Device are…….
Any peripheral (piece of computer
hardware equipment) used to provide
data and control signals to an
information processing system (such as
a computer)
Machine that we use to put information
or feeds data INTO the computer.

What are different types of

computer input devices?
computer input devices?

Various types of Input Devices are:-

 Keyboard devices  Point-and-draw devices  Data scanning devices  Digitizer  Electronic cards based
Keyboard devices
Point-and-draw devices
Data scanning devices
Digitizer
Electronic cards based devices
Voice recognition devices
Vision based devices
Offline data entry devices
KEY BOARD DEVICES  General-purpose Keyboards – They have enough keys to make them useful for
KEY BOARD DEVICES
General-purpose Keyboards – They have
enough keys to make them useful for
any type of application. It was
introduced by IBM
Special-purpose Keyboards – They have
special purpose keyboards to enable
faster data entry and rapid interaction
with computer systems
Point-and-draw devices
Point-and-draw devices

Point-and-draw devices   Trackball – Requires less space than a mouse Electronic Pen – It

Trackball Requires less space than a mouse

Electronic Pen It is of 2 types i.e. light pen & writing pen with pad

Point-and-draw devices   Trackball – Requires less space than a mouse Electronic Pen – It
with their finger the desired icon or menu item displayed on the computer’s screen.
with their finger the desired icon or menu
item displayed on the computer’s screen.

Touch Screen It enables the users to choose from available options by simply touching

 Mouse – It rolls on a small bearing and has one, two or three buttons
Mouse – It rolls on a small bearing and
has one, two or three buttons on the top.
Data Scanning Devices be stored in a computer.
Data Scanning Devices
be stored in a computer.

Image Scanner It translates paper documents into an electronic format that can

Optical Character Recognition (OCR) – The scanner is equipped with a character
Optical Character Recognition (OCR) – The
scanner is equipped with a character

Optical Mark Reader – These scanners are capable of recognizing a pre specified mark made by
Optical Mark Reader – These scanners are
capable of recognizing a pre specified mark
made by pencil or pen.

recognition software that converts the bit map images of characters to equivalent ASCII codes.

Some more Data Scanning

Devices  Bar-Code Reader – It is used for unique identification of all types of goods,
Devices
Bar-Code Reader – It is used for unique
identification of all types of goods, tags
etc.
Magnetic-Ink Character Recognition
(MICR) – It is used by the banking
industry for faster processing of the large
volumes of cheques being handled every
day by this industry
DIGITIZER
DIGITIZER
 Used for digitizing pictures,maps & drawings into digital form for storage in computers.  Consists
Used for digitizing pictures,maps &
drawings into digital form for storage in
computers.
Consists of digitizing tablet associated
with a stylus
It is mostly used in the area of Computer
Aided Design(CAD) & Geographical
Information System(GIS)

ELECTRONIC CARD

READER  Mainly used for direct data entry into computer system  Electronic cards are of
READER
Mainly used for direct data entry into
computer system
Electronic cards are of 2 types:-
1.
Magnetic strip card - have a magnetic
strip on its back
2.
Smart card - have a built in
microprocessor chip
VOICE RECOGNITION DEVICE  Computer with this device consist of a microphone/telephone & follows the following
VOICE RECOGNITION DEVICE
Computer with this device consist of a
microphone/telephone & follows the following
steps:-
1.
Speak
2.
Convert into electrical signals (analog form)
3.
Digitize (digital form)
4.
Match with pre-stored words
5.
Perform corresponding actions
These devices are classified into 2 categories:-
1.
Speaker dependent
2.
Speaker independent
VISION-INPUT DEVICE  It allows a computer to accept just by seeing an object.  It
VISION-INPUT DEVICE
It allows a computer to accept just by seeing
an object.
It consist of a digital camera & follows the
following steps to recognize a given object:-
1.
Focused on a object to take a picture
2.
Creates an image in a digital form so that it
can be stored & interpreted by the computer
3.
Matched with the pre-stored images in the
computer’s image database
4.
Depending whether the match is found or not
OFF-LINE DATA ENTRY DEVICE  Data entry is a process of transforming input data into a
OFF-LINE DATA ENTRY
DEVICE
Data entry is a process of transforming
input data into a form the computer
system can store & interpret
Maybe carried out in offline or online
manner
Difference between 1. Writing pen with pad & Digitizer 2. Magnetic strip card & Smart card
Difference between
1.
Writing pen with pad & Digitizer
2.
Magnetic strip card & Smart card
