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Solar Power Plant Project Proposal

What is Solar Power?

Solar power is the conversion of sunlight
into electricity, either using photovoltaic's
(PV), or concentrated solar power (CSP).

Applications of Solar Energy


Solar Power Generation Plants

Power Generation from Solar Light Energy for the Electricity

Generation for Home, Residential & Commercial
Applications, Industrial Use, Hospitals, Schools/Colleges &

Other Application of Solar Power

Solar Water Heaters

Solar Street Lights
Solar Thermal Systems
Solar Neon Lights Advertisement Banners

Stand Alone Applications

There are kits of 5kWp, 10kWp and so on are available of

solar power generation which can be used according to

Classification of PV Technology

Crystalline Si

Thin Films

New Concepts

Crystalline Si

Amorphous Si


Poly Crystalline



Ribbon Si


Organic /

Quantum Dots

Dye Sensitized

Solar Panels Crystalline and Thin Films

Crystalline Solar Panels

Thin Film Solar Panels

Concentrated Solar PV Panels

Designer Solar Panels

SMA The Future of Solar Technology

SMA Solar Technology AG

Solar Thermal Heating Solutions

Solar concentrators can generate hot water &
steam for a wide spectrum of applications (70210C).Hot water or steam generated using
Thermax solar collectors can be used in industrial
applications in dairy, food, auto,pharmaceuticals,
hospitality or any other sector based on process
requirement.Steam generated through solar
concentrators can also be used for boiler feed
water preheating at atmospheric as well as
pressurized conditions. The steam or hot water can also be used for air
conditioning through
Vapor Absorption Machine in process and comfort cooling applications.

Solar Thermal Cooling Solutions

Thermax offers solar based cooling solutions by integrating
Vapor Absorption
with Thermax
Concentrators.The concentrators generate hot water by
harnessing solar thermal energy. The hot water is supplied to a
Vapor Absorption Machine (VAM).
The VAM supplies chilled water which is circulated
through cooling coils in the Air Handling Units (AHUs), over
which air flows. The air thus cooled can be used for airconditioning
applications through solar cooling system
hybridized with conventional cooling system. Balance cooling
load, if any, can be met with the conventional cooling system,
should solar generated cooling be insufficient. The in-built
control logic allows the operation of the conventional cooling
system only when there is a shortfall in the solar thermal
energy. This
integrated system offers the advantage of
optimizing the use of electricity and maximizing the use of
clean, renewable, solar thermal energy, while meeting the
cooling load.
Solar cooling finds applications in commercial complexes,
malls, large offices, hotels and hospitals. Solar concentrators
hybridized with biomass gasifier can also be used to power
cold storage facilities. This type of cold storage design will
boost overall efficiency of the agricultural produce value chain
by reducing wastage & improving storage conditions for
agricultural yield in a rural setup.

Thermax Solutions
SolPac NI30, the non - imaging collector
from Thermax, caters to heating
applications up to 120C, for industrial
as well as commercial applications.
Unlike flat plate collectors and
evacuated tube collectors which can
only deliver temperatures up to 60 C,
SolPac NI30 is able to deliver
temperatures up to 120 C.

Designer Solar Panels

Solar Architecture Designs

Solar Architecture Designs

Advantages of Solar Power Plants

Solar power generation systems
requires nearly zero maintenance and
are more reliable then any human made
power generation devices.
The system have an actual life span
of 35 years to 40 years and are
guaranteed by the manufacturer for a
period of 25 years.

Government Incentives
GOI & Punjab Government is giving 30%
subsidy on solar projects.
There are also Generation Based Incentives
like REC & PPA Registered Projects.
Organization can avail benefits carbon
benefits from it as we know that generation of
solar electricity doesnt emit any carbon.
There are Tax Banefits, No Import Duty, No
VAT,100%FDI, Stamp Duty Exemption by
Pb.Govt., No change of land use is required in
case of solar plant. (These incentives/banefits
varies from State-to-State & Region-to-Region).

Layout Plan
Grid Connectivity Solar Power Projects.

Solar Power Generation

(Theory of Operation)

Solar Photovoltaic (PV) power generator consists of

solar modules in series and parallel connections; these
convert solar radiations into DC electrical power at the predetermined range of voltages whenever sufficient solar
radiation is available. The rooftop solar plant will operate
in parallel to the primary source of electricity as solar
power is infirm in nature and not sufficient to meet entire
load. Utility grid power is the primary source of electricity,
thus the solar plant is designed to run in parallel to the
utility grid and feed the power to the load.
The grid connected solar inverter will convert the
direct current (DC) provided by the solar panels to
alternating current (415V, 50Hz, AC) and simultaneously
synchronizing the AC output to the building incoming grid
power. The output of the inverter is connected to the main
AC Bus of the existing building distribution board, where
incoming grid feeder is connected.

Main Components of Solar Power Plant

SPV Panels
Charge Regulators: They are electronic devices
designed to protect batteries from overcharging.
Invertors: Invertors are designed to convert DC
from PV panels to AC.
Transformers: They are used to step-up the
voltage from inverter.
Storage Batteries: Solar cells don't store energy.
The DC voltage from Solar PV is used to charge
an appropriate set of batteries which can be
used as per the requirement.

Solar Power in India

India is located on the equatorial sun belt of earth and
receives abundant radiation from sun.
India gets clear sunshine for approximately 300 days.
Average radiation in India is 1600 to 2200
The North-Western part of India receives the
maximum radiation and other areas in Andhra
Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra receive
fairly large amount of radiation compared to the other
places in the world.
The annual solar energy impingent on India is
estimated as 6000 million GWh.

Solar Power Generation in India

India has so far developed &
commissioned 1060MW capacity
Solar Power Plant in various parts
(upto Aug.2012).
India has palnned to setup
22000MW Solar Power Plants by
the end of 2022.
Punjab has approved 500 Mw
solar projects out of which 100 Mw
is target for the year 2013.

Pictorial Representation

Indias Solar Radiation Map

REC Vs PPA Projects

A Comparison

PPA Projects

REC Projects


Through Competitive Bidding

Open Access


Average but Fixed Returns

High but Variable Returns


Minimum 1MW or 5MW Capacity

Any Capacity above 250 kWp


Allotment Not Assured

Allotment is Assured


No Trading

Certificates to be Traded


Fixed Tariff

Variable Tariff


Limited Allotments

Unlimited Allotments due to Huge Demand


Tariff in the range of Rs.9/- to Rs.15/-

Tariff to Rs.9/- to Rs.20/- in the Initial Years


Accelerated Depreciation Benefit

Accelerated Benefits can be Availed


Minimum lock of few years(Min.3Yrs) after Can move from REC to PPA Anytime
cancellation of PPA before REC registration


Bank Guarantee(BG) required for PPA

Bank Guarantee (BG) not required for REC


REC Buyers & Sellers

Each REC is equal to 1000Units Generated and
1MW Capacity generates 1600 REC per Year.
REC Buyers : The entities mandated to purchase a defined quantum of renewable energy
of their overall consumption are Obligated entities. Obligated entities may either purchase
renewable energy or can purchase RECs to meet their Renewable purchase Obligation (RPO)
set under Renewable Purchase Obligation of their respective States. Following entities are
generally obligated in the State:
a.Distribution Licensees
b.Captive Consumers
c.Open Access users
REC Sellers : Eligible entities are those renewable generators who meet following criteria
a.Type of renewable source is approved by MNRE and respective State Commission
b.Not have any Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) for the capacity related to such generation to sell
electricity at a preferential tariff determined by the appropriate commission
c.Not having agreement to sell electricity to local distribution company at price not exceeding pooled
cost of power purchase of that distribution company
d.Sells electricity to the
a. distribution licensee of the area at a price not exceeding the pooled cost of power purchase of
such distribution licensee, OR
b. to any other licensee or to an open access consumer at a mutually agreed price, or through
power exchange at market determined price. Selling electricity to any entity other than local
distribution company at market driven prices or otherwise

Financial Aspects
Cost of 1MW Solar Power Plant is Approx. INR 8.00 Cr.
Cost of 250kWp Solar Power Plant is Approx. INR 2.75Cr.

The cost of the equipment may vary +/- 5% at the time of placement of order.
The Pay Back period for the Solar Power Generation Plant

Without Funding : 5 Yrs.

With Funding : 8 Yrs.(Local Funding) and 5 Yrs.(Foreign Funding & EOU)

There is 30 % Subsidy upto 100kWp on Total Project Cost.The Company will

provide assistance for all the Govt.Clearances,Subsidy Documentations &
arrange necessary visits of Govt. Officials & approvals.

Upto 80% of the Project Cost can Financed from Financial

Institutions & FDI Routes.
Capacity of Solar Power Generation Plant
Solar Power Generation Plant can be installed of any capacity utilization from 1kWp to
1MW and more.
The 25 kW Solar Photo Voltaic (SPV) plant with one-hour battery backup can
operate 200 tube lights of 40W, 100 fans and 150 computers.The cost of the system
(grid tie or non-battery) will be Rs. 35 lakh to 40 lakh without subsidy and for battery
system, Rs. 60 lakh to Rs. 65 lakh without subsidy.

The net cost of the Solar Plant also varies in accordance with the Capacity
Utilization,Accessories used and Net Output.
Cost for 5kWp & 10 kWp Solar Kits

Without Battery Backup : 5kWp : INR 6 Lac. 10kWp : INR 12 Lac.

Solar Electricity Unit Production

Calculation (Tentative Cost)
A 1kWp Solar Power Generation Project Cost :
Rs.1,50000/-(Govt. Estimated Cost)
1kWp produces 5 Units per Day
1kWp produces 1500 Units per Year = 300 X 5 = 1500
Units /Yr.
1kWp produces 37500 Units in 25 Years = 1500 X 25 =
37500 Units/Yr.
Cost of 1 Unit of Electricity Produced = 150000/37500
= Rs.4 per Unit.
Cost of 1 Unit of Electricity Produced with 30% Subsidy
= Rs.2.80 per Unit
Cost of 1 Unit of Electricity Produced on Actual Basis
which is around 20% less than the above estimate =
Rs.2.24 per Unit (Fixed Cost for 25 Yrs. From Day
Comparison with other Sources of Electricity :
Electricity from Diesel Generator : Rs.13/Unit to
Rs.17/Unit(Variable Cost)


Lunar solar panels have a tandem structure within a additional

micro crystalline absorbers underneath amorphous layers, which
converts the red and near infrared spectrum allowing an
efficiency boost of more than 50%.

Thank You

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