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Introduction to Aspen Plus

Short Courses on Computer Applications for ChE Students

Speaker: Yi-Chang Wu ()
d98524013@ntu.edu.tw
PSE Laboratory
Department of Chemical Engineering
Nation Taiwan University

Extractive Distillation

Entrainer feed (FE)

D2
XIPA=0.999
NFE
NT = 24
Extractive
distillation column NF2 = 9

NT = 41
NFE = 7
NFF = 35

F2
IPA-water feed (FF)

D2
XWater=0.999
Entrainer
recovery column
NF2

NFF

P = 3 atm
T = 25oC
F = 100 kmol/hr
X IPA =0.5
X WATER =0.5
B2
Entrainer recycle
Entrainer makeup

What is Aspen Plus


Aspen Plus is a market-leading process modeling tool
for conceptual design, optimization, and
performance monitoring for the chemical, polymer,
specialty chemical, metals and minerals, and coal
power industries.

Ref: http://www.aspentech.com/products/aspen-plus.cfm

What Aspen Plus provides


Physical Property Models
Worlds largest database of pure component and phase equilibrium
data for conventional chemicals, electrolytes, solids, and polymers
Regularly updated with data from U. S. National Institute of Standards
and Technology (NIST)

Comprehensive Library of Unit Operation Models


Addresses a wide range of solid, liquid, and gas processing equipment
Extends steady-state simulation to dynamic simulation for safety and
controllability studies, sizing relief valves, and optimizing transition,
startup, and shutdown policies
Enables you build your own libraries using Aspen Custom Modeler or
programming languages (User-defined models)

Ref: Aspen Plus Product Brochure

More Detailed
Properties analysis
Properties of pure component and mixtures (Enthalpy,
density, viscosity, heat capacity,etc)
Phase equilibrium (VLE, VLLE, azeotrope calculationetc)
Parameters estimation for properties models (UNIFAC
method for binary parameters, Joback method for boiling
pointsetc)
Data regression from experimental deta

Process simulation
pump, compressor, valve, tank, heat exchanger, CSTR, PFR,
distillation column, extraction column, absorber, filter,
crystallizeretc
5

What course Aspen Plus


can be employed for

MASS AND ENERGY BALANCES


PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS
CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING
UNIT OPERATIONS
PROCESS DESIGN
PROCESS CONTROL

Lesson Objectives
Familiar with the interface of Aspen Plus
Learn how to use properties analysis
Learn how to setup a basic process simulation

Problem Formulation 1: Calculation


the mixing properties of two stream
1
2

Mole Flow kmol/hr


WATER
BUOH
BUAC
Total Flow kmol/hr
Temperature C
Pressure bar
Enthalpy kcal/mol
Entropy cal/mol-K
Density kmol/cum

3
Mixer

Pump

10
0
0
10
50
1
?
?
?

0
9
6
15
80
1
?
?
?

?
?
?
?
?
1
?
?
?

?
?
?
?
?
10
?
?
?

Mass Balance
Energy Balance
Enthalpy
Entropy

Problem Formulation 2:
Flash Separation
120
T-x
T-y

Saturated Feed
P=1atm
F=100 kmol/hr
zwater=0.5
zHAc=0.5

T=105 C
P=1atm

T ( C)

115
110
105
100
0.0

What are flowrates and compositions of the two outlets?

0.2

0.4

0.6

xWater and yWater

0.8

1.0

Problem Formulation 3: Dehydration of


Acetic Acid by Distillation Column
(Optional)

1.0

Water
Acetic Acid
Saturated Feed
P=1.2atm
F=100 kmol/hr
zwater=0.5
zHAc=0.5

Reflux
ratio ?

Water
xwater=0.99

0.6

20

40

0.4
0.2

Duty ?

39

0.8

yWater

xHAc=0.99
Acetic Acid

0.0
0.0

0.2

0.4

0.6

xWater

0.8

1.0

Outline
Startup in Aspen Plus (Basic Input) (45 min)
User Interface
Basic Input: Setup, Components, Properties.
Properties Analysis (1 hour)
Pure Component
Mixtures (phase equilibrium)
Running Simulation (1 hour)
Blocks (Unit Operations)
Streams (flow streams)
Results
11

Introduction to Aspen Plus Part 1

Startup in Aspen Plus

12

Start with Aspen Plus

Aspen Plus User Interface

Aspen Plus Startup

14

Interface of Aspen Plus

Help
Setup
Components
Properties
Streams
Blocks
Data Browser
Next

Check Result
Stop
Reinitialize
Step
Start
Control Panel
ProcessFlowsheet
Flowsheet Windows
Process
Windows

ModelLibrary
Library (View|
Model
(View| Model
ModelLibrary
Library) )

Stream

Status message

15

More Information

Help for Commands for Controlling Simulations

16

Data Browser
The Data Browser is a sheet and form viewer with a
hierarchical tree view of the available simulation
input, results, and objects that have been defined

17

Basic Input
The minimum required inputs to run a simulation
are:

Setup
Components
Properties
Streams
Blocks

Property Analysis

Process Simulation

18

Setup Specification
Run Type

Input mode

19

Components Specification

Input components
with Component name or Formula

20

Input components

Remark: If available, are

21

Specification
To do this
Find components in the databanks

Click this button


Find

Define a custom component that is not in


a databank
Generate electrolyte components and
reactions from components you entered
Reorder the components you have
specified
Review databank data for components
you have specified (Retrieved physical
property parameters from databanks.)

User Defined
Elec Wizard
Reorder
Review

22

Find Components

Click Find

23

Find Components (contd)

24

Properties
Process type(narrow the number of
methods available)

Base method: IDEAL, NRTL, UNIQAC, UNIFAC

25

Property Method Selection Assistant

Interactive help in choosing a property method

26

Assistant Wizard

Specify Component type


Chemical Systems

Is the system at high pressure?


(NO)
Two liquid phases

27

Property Methods Decision Diagram

Yes

Yes

WILSON
NRTL
UNIQAC
etc.

UNIF-LL

UNIFAC
UNIF-LBY
UNIF-DMD

Liq-Liq

ELECNRTL
No
Yes

Yes
Yes

NRTL
UNIQAC
etc.

Interaction
Parameters
Available?
Liq-Liq
No

Pr < 0.1 &


T < Tci

No

No
Yes

Electrolyte
Yes
Interaction
Parameters
Available?

No
Property Method
Choice

SR-POLAR
PRWS
RKSWS
PRMHV2
RKSMHV2

Polar or
T < Tci

Yes

No

PENG-ROB
PR-BM
LK-PLOCK
RK-SOAVE
RKS-BM

No

WILS-NTH, WILS-HOC,
NRTL-NTH, NRTL-HOC,
UNIQ-NTJ, UNIQ-HOC,
Dimers
UNIF-HOC

PSRK
RKSMHV2

Degree of
Polymerization

No Pseudo
Components
Yes

CHAO-SEA
GRAYSON
BK10

Yes

Hexamers
No

High Pressure?

No

WILS-HF

Vapor-phase
Association?

BK10
IDEAL
No

WILSON, WILS-RK, WILS-LR, WILSGLR, NRTL, NRTL-RK, NRTL-2,


UNIQUAC, UNIQ-RK, UNIQ-2, UNIFAC,
UNIF-LL, UNIF-LBY, UNIF-DMB

Reference: http://www.et.byu.edu/groups/uolab/files/aspentech/

28

Thermodynamic Model NRTL

NRTL

29

NRTL Binary Parameters

Click NRTL and then built-in binary parameters


appear automatically if available.

30

Access Properties Models and


Parameters

Review Databank Data

31

Review Databank Data


Including:
Ideal gas heat of formation at 298.15 K
Ideal gas Gibbs free energy of formation at
298.15 K
Heat of vaporization at TB
Normal boiling point
Standard liquid volume at 60F

Description of each parameter


32

Pure Component
Temperature-Dependent Properties

CPIGDP-1

ideal gas heat capacity

CPSDIP-1

Solid heat capacity

DNLDIP-1

Liquid density

DHVLDP-1

Heat of vaporization

PLXANT-1

Extended Antoine Equation

MULDIP

Liquid viscosity

KLDIP

Liquid thermal conductivity

SIGDIP

Liquid surface tension

UFGRP

UNIFAC functional group


33

Example: PLXANT-1
(Extended Antoine Equation)
Corresponding Model
Click ? and then click where you dont know

34

Example: CPIGDP-1
(Ideal Gas Heat Capacity Equation)
Corresponding Model

35

Summary

So far, we have finished the basic


settings including setup, components,
and properties.
This is enough to perform properties
analysis.

36

File Formats in Aspen Plus

File Type

Extension

Format

Description

Document

*.apw

Binary

File containing simulation input and results and


intermediate convergence information

Backup

*.bkp

ASCII

Archive file containing simulation input and


results

History

*.his

Text

Detailed calculation history and diagnostic


messages

Problem
Description

*.appdf

Binary

File containing arrays and intermediate


convergence information used in the simulation
37
calculations

Introduction to Aspen Plus Part 2

Properties Analysis in Aspen Plus


38

Overview of Property Analysis


Use this form

To generate

Binary

Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature


and pressure
Txy, Pxy, or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system

Residue

Residue curve maps

Pure

Ternary

Azeotrope

Ternary maps showing phase envelope, tie lines, and azeotropes of ternary
systems
This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of
components.

Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes,


Ternary Maps Distillation boundary, Residue curves or distillation curves, Isovolatility curves,
Tie lines, Vapor curve, Boiling point

39

Reminding
When you start properties analysis, you MUST
specify components , properties model, and
corresponding model parameters. (Refer to
Part I)

40

Properties Analysis Pure Component


Use this form

To generate

Binary

Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature


and pressure
Txy, Pxy, or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system

Residue

Residue curve maps

Pure

Ternary
Azeotrope

Ternary maps showing phase envelope, tie lines, and azeotropes of ternary
systems
This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of
components.

Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes,


Ternary Maps Distillation boundary, Residue curves or distillation curves, Isovolatility curves,
Tie lines, Vapor curve, Boiling point

41

Properties Analysis Pure Component

42

Available Properties
Property (thermodynamic)

Property (transport)

Availability
Free energy
Constant pressure
Enthalpy
heat capacity
Heat capacity ratio
Fugacity coefficient
Constant volume heat Fugacity coefficient
capacity
pressure correction
Free energy departure
Vapor pressure
Free energy departure
Density
pressure correction
Enthalpy departure
Entropy
Enthalpy departure
Volume
pressure correction
Enthalpy of
Sonic velocity
vaporization
Entropy departure

Thermal conductivity
Surface tension
Viscosity

43

Example1: CP (Heat Capacity)

1. Select property (CP)


4. Specify range of temperature
2. Select phase
5. Specify pressure
Add N-butyl-acetate

3. Select component

6. Select property method

7. click Go to generate the results


44

Example1: Calculation Results of CP

Data results

45

Example2: H (Enthalpy)

1. Select property (H)

4. Specify range of temperature


2. Select phase
5. Specify pressure

3. Select component
6. Select property method

7. click Go to generate the results

46

Example: Calculation Results of H

Data results
47

Properties Analysis Binary Components


Use this form

To generate

Binary

Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature


and pressure
Txy, Pxy, or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system

Residue

Residue curve maps

Pure

Ternary
Azeotrope

Ternary maps showing phase envelope, tie lines, and azeotropes of ternary
systems
This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of
components.

Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes,


Ternary Maps Distillation boundary, Residue curves or distillation curves, Isovolatility curves,
Tie lines, Vapor curve, Boiling point

48

Properties Analysis Binary Components

Binary Component Properties Analysis


Use this Analysis type To generate
Temperature-compositions diagram at
Txy
constant pressure
Pressure-compositions diagram at
Pxy
constant temperature
Gibbs energy of mixing diagram as a
function of liquid compositions. The
Aspen Physical Property System uses this
Gibbs energy of mixing
diagram to determine whether the
binary system will form two liquid phases
at a given temperature and pressure.

Example: T-XY
1. Select analysis type (Txy)

2. Select two component

2. Select phase (VLE, VLLE)

5. Specify pressure

3. Select compositions basis

6. Select property method

4. Specify composition range


7. click Go to generate the results

Example: calculation result of T-XY

Data results

Example: Generate XY plot

Click plot wizard to generate XY plot

Example: Generate XY plot (contd)

Property Analysis Generic


Use this form

To generate

Binary

Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature


and pressure
Txy, Pxy, or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system

Residue

Residue curve maps

Pure

Ternary
Azeotrope

Ternary maps showing phase envelope, tie lines, and azeotropes of ternary
systems
This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of
components.

Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes,


Ternary Maps Distillation boundary, Residue curves or distillation curves, Isovolatility curves,
Tie lines, Vapor curve, Boiling point

55

Properties Analysis Ternary

Ternary Map

1. Select three component


4. Select phase (VLE, LLE)

2. Specify number of tie line

5. Specify pressure

3. Select property method

6. Specify temperature
(if LLE is slected)

7. click Go to generate the results

Calculation Result of Ternary Map (LLE)

Data results

Property Analysis

Conceptual
Design
(Optional)
Use this form

To generate

Binary

Tables and plots of pure component properties as a function of temperature


and pressure
Txy, Pxy, or Gibbs energy of mixing curves for a binary system

Residue

Residue curve maps

Pure

Ternary
Azeotrope

Ternary maps showing phase envelope, tie lines, and azeotropes of ternary
systems
This feature locates all the azeotropes that exist among a specified set of
components.

Ternary diagrams in Aspen Distillation Synthesis feature: Azeotropes,


Ternary Maps Distillation boundary, Residue curves or distillation curves, Isovolatility curves,
Tie lines, Vapor curve, Boiling point

59

Conceptual Design

Azeotrope Analysis

Azeotrope Analysis
1. Select components (at least two)

2. Specify pressure

3. Select property method


6. click Report to generate the results
4. Select phase (VLE, LLE)

5. Select report Unit

Error Message

Close analysis input dialog box (pure or binary analysis)

Azeotrope Analysis Report

Ternary Maps

Ternary Maps
3. Select property method
1. Select three components

4. Select phase (VLE, LLE)

2. Specify pressure

5. Select report Unit

6. Click Ternary Plot to generate the results

6. Specify temperature of LLE


(If liquid-liquid envelope is selected)

Ternary Maps
Change pressure or
temperature

Ternary Plot Toolbar:


Add Tie line, Curve,
Marker

Introduction to Aspen Plus Part 3

Running Simulation in Aspen Plus


68

Example 1: Calculate the mixing


properties of two stream
1
2

3
Mixer

Mole Flow kmol/hr


WATER
BUOH
BUAC
Total Flow kmol/hr
Temperature C
Pressure bar
Enthalpy kcal/mol
Entropy cal/mol-K
Density kmol/cum

Pump
1

10
0
0
10
50
1
?
?
?

0
9
6
15
80
1
?
?
?

?
?
?
?
?
1
?
?
?

?
?
?
?
?
10
?
?
?

69

Setup Specification

Select Flowsheet

70

Reveal Model Library

View|| Model Library


or press F10

71

Adding a Mixer

Click one of icons


and then click again on the flowsheet window
Remark: The shape of the icons are meaningless

72

Adding Material Streams

Click Materials and then click


again on the flowsheet window

73

Adding Material Streams (contd)

When clicking the mouse on the flowsheet window,


arrows (blue and red) appear.

74

Adding Material Streams (contd)


When moving the mouse on the arrows, some description appears.

Red arrow(Left) Feed


(Required; one ore more
if mixing material
streams)

Red arrow(Right):
Blue arrow: Water
Product (Required; if
decant for Free water
mixing material streams) of dirty water.

75

Adding Material Streams (contd)

After selecting Material Streams, click and pull a stream line.


Repeat it three times to generate three stream lines.

76

Reconnecting Material Streams


(Feed Stream)
Right Click on the stream and
select Reconnect Destination

77

Reconnecting Material Streams


(Product Stream)

Right Click on the stream and


select Reconnect Source

B1

78

Specifying Feed Condition

Right Click on the stream


and select Input

79

Specifying Feed Condition

You must specify two of the following


conditions:
Temperature
Pressure
Vapor fraction

You can enter stream composition in terms of component flows,


fractions, or concentrations.
If you specify component fractions, you must specify the total mole,
mass, or standard liquid volume flow.
80

Specifying Feed Condition (contd)


1

81

Specifying Input of Mixer

Right Click on the block and select Input

82

Specifying Input of Mixer (contd)

Specify Pressure and valid phase

The corresponding description about this blank:


Outlet pressure if value > 0
Pressure drop if value 0
83

Run Simulation
Click to run the simulation

Run

Start or continue calculations

Step

Step through the flowsheet one block at a time

Stop

Pause simulation calculations

Reinitialize

Purge simulation results

Check simulation status


Required Input Complete means the input is ready to run simualtion
84

Status of Simulation Results


Message
Results available

Means
The run has completed normally, and results are
present.

Results with warnings

Results for the run are present. Warning


messages were generated during the calculations.
View the Control Panel or History for messages.

Results with errors

Results for the run are present. Error messages


were generated during the calculations. View the
Control Panel or History for messages.

Input Changed

Results for the run are present, but you have


changed the input since the results were
generated. The results may be inconsistent with
the current input.

85

Stream Results

Right Click on the block and


select Stream Results

86

Pull down the list and select


Full to show more properties
results.

Enthalpy and Entropy

Substream: MIXED
Mole Flow kmol/hr
WATER
BUOH
BUAC
Total Flow kmol/hr
Total Flow kg/hr
Total Flow cum/hr
Temperature C
Pressure bar
Vapor Frac
Liquid Frac
Solid Frac
Enthalpy kcal/mol
Enthalpy kcal/kg
Enthalpy Gcal/hr
Entropy cal/mol-K
Entropy cal/gm-K
Density kmol/cum
Density kg/cum
Average MW
Liq Vol 60F cum/hr

10
0
0
10
180.1528
0.18582
50
2
0
1
0
-67.81
-3764.03
-0.6781
-37.5007
-2.0816
53.81564
969.5038
18.01528
0.1805

0
9
6
15
1364.066
1.74021
80
1
0
1
0
-94.3726
-1037.77
-1.41559
-134.947
-1.48395
8.619647
783.851
90.93771
1.617386

10
9
6
25
1544.218
1.870509
70.08758
1
0
1
0
-83.7476
-1355.82
-2.09369
-95.6176
-1.54799
13.36534
825.5604
61.76874
1.797886
87

Change Units of Calculation Results

88

Setup Defining Your Own Units Set

89

Setup Report Options

90

Stream Results with Format of


Mole Fraction

91

Add Pump Block

92

Add A Material Stream

93

Connect Streams

94

Pump Specification
1. Select Pump or turbine

2. Specify pump outlet specificatio


(pressure, power)

3. Efficiencies (Default: 1)

95

Run Simulation
Click to generate the results

Check simulation status


Required Input Complete
96

Block Results (Pump)

Right Click on the block and select Results

97

98

Streams Results

99

Calculation Results
(Mass and Energy Balances)
1
2

3
Mixer

Pump
1

Mole Flow kmol/hr


WATER
10
0
10
BUOH
0
9
9
BUAC
0
6
6
Total Flow kmol/hr 10
15
25
Temperature C
50
80
70.09
Pressure bar
1
1
1
Enthalpy kcal/mol -67.81 -94.37 -83.75
Entropy cal/mol-K -37.50 -134.95 -95.62
Density kmol/cum 969.50 783.85 825.56

4
10
9
6
25
71.20
10
-83.69
-95.46
824.29

100

Exercise
1
2
3

4
Mixer

Mole Flow kmol/hr


Water
Ethanol
Methanol
Total Flow kmol/hr
Temperature C
Pressure bar
Enthalpy kcal/mol
Entropy cal/mol-K
Density kmol/cum

5
Pump

10
0
0
10
50
1
?
?
?

0
5
0
15
70
1
?
?
?

0
0
15
15
40
1
?
?
?

?
?
?
?
?
1
?
?
?

?
?
?
?
?
4
?
?
?

?
?
?
?
?
2
?
?
?

Please use Peng-Robinson EOS to solve this problem.

101

Example 2: Flash Separation


120
T-x
T-y

Saturated Feed
P=1atm
F=100 kmol/hr
zwater=0.5
zHAc=0.5

T=105 C
P=1atm

T ( C)

115
110
105
100
0.0

What are flowrates and compositions of the two outlets?

0.2

0.4

0.6

xWater and yWater

0.8

1.0

Input Components

Thermodynamic Model: NRTL-HOC

Check Binary Parameters

Association parameters of HOC

Binary Parameters of NRTL

Binary Analysis

T-xy plot
1. Select analysis type (Txy)

2. Select two component

3. Select compositions basis

2. Select phase (VLE, VLLE)

5. Specify pressure

6. Select property method

4. Specify composition range


7. click Go to generate the results

Calculation Result of T-xy

Data results

Generate xy plot

Generate xy plot (contd)

Flash Separation
120
T-x
T-y

Saturated Feed
P=1atm
F=100 kmol/hr
zwater=0.5
zHAc=0.5

T=105 C
P=1atm

T ( C)

115
110
105
100
0.0

What are flowrates and compositions of the two outlets?

0.2

0.4

0.6

xWater and yWater

0.8

1.0

Add Block: Flash2

Add Material Stream

Specify Feed Condition

Saturated Feed
(Vapor fraction=0)
P=1atm
F=100 kmol/hr
zwater=0.5
zHAc=0.5

Block Input: Flash2

Flash2: Specification

T=105 C
P=1atm

Required Input Incomplete


Connot click to run simulation

Close binary analysis window

Required Input Complete


Click to run simulation

Stream Results

Stream Results (contd)


42.658 kmol/hr
zwater=0.501
zHAc=0.409

Saturated Feed
P=1atm
F=100 kmol/hr
zwater=0.5
zHAc=0.5

T=105 C
P=1atm

57.342 kmol/hr
zwater=0.432
zHAc=0.568

Distillation Separation
1
2

RR ?

xwater=0.99

20
Saturated Feed
P=1.2atm
F=100 kmol/hr
zwater=0.5
zHAc=0.5

39

QR ?
40
xHAc=0.99

There are two degrees of


freedom to manipulate
distillate composition and
bottoms composition to
manipulate the distillate and
bottoms compositions.
If the feed condition and the
number of stages are given,
how much of RR and QR are
required to achieve the
specification.

Add Block: Radfrac

Add Material Stream

Connect Material Stream

Specify Feed Condition

Saturated Feed
(Vapor fraction=0)
P=1.2atm
F=100 kmol/hr
zwater=0.5
zHAc=0.5

Block Input: Radfrac

Radfrac: Configuration

1
2
xwater=0.99

20
Saturated Feed
P=1.2atm
F=100 kmol/hr
zwater=0.5
zHAc=0.5

39
40
xHAc=0.99

Radfrac: Streams (Feed Location)

1
2
xwater=0.99

20
Saturated Feed
P=1.2atm
F=100 kmol/hr
zwater=0.5
zHAc=0.5

39
40
xHAc=0.99

Radfrac: Column Pressure

Run Simulation
Click to run simulation

Check Convergence Status

Stream Results

Change Reflux Ratio


Click to run simulation

Increase RR from 2 to 2.5

Again

You can iterate RR until the specification is achieved.

Smarter Way

Aspen Plus provides a convenient function (Design Specs/Vary)


which can iterate operating variables to meet the specification.

Add New Design Specs

Design Specs: Specification

Input current mole purity first

Design Specs: Components

Design Specs: Feed/Product Streams

Add New Very

Very: Specifications

Specify the range of the adjusted variable

Not all variables cane be selected.


In this case, only reflux ratio and reboiler duty can be used.

Selection of Adjusted Variables

The options of adjusted variables must


correspond to the operating specification.

Run Simulation
Click to run simulation

Check Convergence Status

Change Target of Mole Purity


Click to run simulation

Increase Target from 0.95229424 to 0.99

Check Convergence Status

Column Performance Summary

Summary of Condenser

Include condenser duty, distillate rate, reflux rate, reflux ratio

Summary of Reboiler

Include reboiler duty, bottoms rate, boilup rate, boilup ratio

Column Profile: TPFQ

Column Profile: Vapor Composition

Column Profile: Liquid Composition

Plot Wizard for Column Profile

Plot Wizard for Column Profile (contd)


After entering the block, Plot appears.

Plot Wizard

Plot Types

Steps for Composition Plot

Composition Profiles

Temperature Profiles

INTRODUCTION TO ASPEN PLUS


More Complex System

Examples:
1.IPA-Water-DMSO
Isopropyl Alcohol
Water
Dimethyl Sulfoxide

INTERFACE OF ASPEN PLUS

COMPONENTS SPECIFICATION

Input components
with Component name or Formula
Click Find

167

RENAME COMPONENTS ID
Isopropyl Alcohol
Water
Dimethyl Sulfoxide

168

Thermodynamic Model NRTL

NRTL

169

NRTL Binary Parameters

Click NRTL and then built-in binary parameters


appear automatically if available.

170

NRTL Binary Parameters

171

NRTL Binary Parameters-USER


Comp,i

IPA

IPA

H2 O

Comp,j

H2 O

DMSO

DMSO

aij

-1.2449

aji

1.7524

bij

185.4

115.2787

586.801

bji

777.3

-25.0123

-1130.215

cij

0.50

0.3

0.30

172

Ternary Maps

Ternary Maps
1. Select three components
3. Select property method
4. Select phase (VLE,
LLE)
5. Select report Unit
2. Specify pressure

6. Click Ternary Plot to generate the results

Ternary Maps
Change pressure

Ternary Plot Toolbar:


Add Tie line, Curve,
Marker

How to finish the relative volatility curve


IPA Water -DMSO System
4.5

Relative Volatility (IPA/H2O)

DMSO
4.0

3.5

3.0

2.5

2.0

1.5

1.0
0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

Entrainer / Azeotrope Feed Ratio

2.5

3.0

ADD BLOCK: FLASH2

ADD MATERIAL STREAM

ADD MATERIAL STREAM

ADD MATERIAL STREAM

SPECIFY FEED CONDITION


Saturated Liquid Feed
(Vapor fraction=0)
P=1 atm
F=10 kmol/hr
zDMSO=1

Saturated Liquid Feed


(Vapor fraction=0)
P=1 atm
F=10 kmol/hr
zIPA=0.6932
zWATER=0.3068

BLOCK INPUT : FLASH2


Click to run simulation

CHECK STREAMS RESULT

Entrainer feed
when
1
Azeotrope feed
yIPA / xIPA 0.861/ 0.346

3.23
yH 2O / xH 2O 0.118 / 0.153

Finish the relative volatility curve


IPA Water -DMSO System
E-F
(kmol/h)

(A-F)/(E-F)

10

2.5

0.25

1.8

10

0.5

2.43

10

7.5

0.75

2.9

10

10

3.23

10

12.5

1.25

3.5

10

15

1.5

3.7

10

17.5

1.75

3.86

10

20

3.98

10

22.5

2.25

4.08

10

25

2.5

4.16

10

27.5

2.75

4.22

10

30

4.28

4.5
DMSO

Relative Volatility (IPA/H2O)

A-F
(kmol/h)

4.0

3.5

3.0

2.5

2.0

1.5

1.0
0.0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

Entrainer / Azeotrope Feed Ratio

2.5

3.0

Introduction to Aspen Plus

Extractive Distillation

Entrainer feed (FE)

D2
XIPA=0.999
NFE
NT = 24
Extractive
distillation column NF2 = 9

NT = 41
NFE = 7
NFF = 35

F2
IPA-water feed (FF)

D2
XWater=0.999
Entrainer
recovery column
NF2

NFF

P = 3 atm
T = 25oC
F = 100 kmol/hr
X IPA =0.5
X WATER =0.5
B2
Entrainer recycle
Entrainer makeup

Aspen Plus Startup

INTERFACE OF ASPEN PLUS

SETUP SPECIFICATION
Run Type

Input mode

188

Add Units-Sets

Add Units-Sets

REPORT OPTIONS

COMPONENTS SPECIFICATION

Input components
with Component name or Formula
Click Find

192

RENAME COMPONENTS ID

193

Thermodynamic Model NRTL

NRTL

194

NRTL Binary Parameters

Click NRTL and then built-in binary parameters


appear automatically if available.

195

NRTL Binary Parameters

196

NRTL Binary Parameters-USER


Comp,i

IPA

IPA

H2 O

Comp,j

H2 O

DMSO

DMSO

aij

-1.2449

aji

1.7524

bij

185.4

115.2787

586.801

bji

777.3

-25.0123

-1130.215

cij

0.50

0.3

0.30

197

ADD BLOCK: RADFRAC

ADD BLOCK: MIXERS

ADD MATERIAL STREAM

ADD MATERIAL STREAM

RENAME STREAM

SPECIFY FEED CONDITION

Feed
(Saturated Liquid Feed)
Vapor fraction = 0
P = 2 atm
F = 100 kmol/hr
z IPA =0.5
z WATER =0.5

SPECIFY FEED CONDITION

EF

P = 2 atm
T = 184.5 oC
F = 100 kmol/hr
z DMSO =1

SPECIFY FEED CONDITION

MAKEUP

P = 2 atm
T = 25 oC
F = 0 kmol/hr
z DMSO =1

BLOCK INPUT

BLOCK INPUT

BLOCK INPUT

RUN SIMULATION
Click to run simulation

CHECK CONVERGENCE STATUS

Check result

CHECK STREAMS RESULT

DESIGN SPECS/VARY

ADD NEW DESIGN SPECS

DESIGN SPECS: SPECIFICATION

DESIGN SPECS: COMPONENTS

DESIGN SPECS: FEED/PRODUCT STREAMS

ADD NEW VERY

VERY: SPECIFICATIONS

RUN SIMULATION

Click to run simulation

CHECK CONVERGENCE STATUS

DESIGN SPECS/VARY

ADD NEW DESIGN SPECS

DESIGN SPECS: SPECIFICATION

DESIGN SPECS: COMPONENTS

DESIGN SPECS: FEED/PRODUCT STREAMS

ADD NEW VERY

VERY: SPECIFICATIONS

RUN SIMULATION

Click to run simulation

CHECK CONVERGENCE STATUS

CHECK STREAMS RESULT

D1

D2

RECYCLE STREAM

RECYCLE STREAM

RECYCLE STREAM

TEAR

CHECK STREAMS RESULT

SUMMARY OF REBOILER

B1

Include reboiler duty, bottoms rate, boilup rate, boilup ratio

B2

TRAY SIZING

237

TRAY SIZING

Click to run simulation

238

TRAY SIZING

239

TRAY RATING

240

TRAY RATING

241

UPDATE PRESSURE DROP OF STAGES


Click to run simulation

242

CHECKS PRESSURE DROP RESULT