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EEE 304:

POWER ELECTRONICS
PBL
REMOTE CONTROLLED
FAN REGULATOR

TEAM MEMBERS

S.NO

1.
2.
3.

NAME

A.LEELA KIRAN
A.VIJAY KOUSHAL
Y.V.S ANIL
12BEE1025
4.
R. ROHIT AMALAN
12BEE1053
5.
V.KOUSHIK
12BEE1113

REG. NO.
12BEE1020
12BEE1024

INTRODUCTION
The aim of our project is to design and
construct a remote controlled fan regulator.
This circuit allows total control over the
equipment without having to move around.
The frequency of remote used is typically
around
36 KHz.
The remote control device sends an infra-red
beam, which is received by the infra-red
sensor on the regulator thereby affecting the
speed of the fan or intensity of light.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

INFRARED RECIEVER
MODULE
The infrared rays transmitted by the remote
control are received by IR Receiver.
The component used here is capable of
receiving signals up to 38 KHz.

MONOSTABLE
MULTIVIBRATOR

Monostable Multivibrator is used for getting an


accurate pulse.
The trigger to this is the signals from receiver
module.
The output of Monostable Multivibrator (IC1)is used
to delay the clock pulse of decade counter.

DECADE COUNTER
Decade counter is Mod-10 counter.
The count is incremented with each clock
pulse.

TRANSFORMER

The 230 V AC is step down to 12V by the


Transformer .

REGULATOR SECTION
The rectified output (12V) of the
Transformer is regulated to 9V by the
Regulator.
This 9V is supplied to the whole circuit.

OPTOCOUPLER
An Opto coupler is used to transmit either
analog or digital information from one
voltage potential to another while
maintaining isolation of potentials. It is used
for low voltages.
The output of the Opto coupler is used to
trigger the Monostable Multivibrator.

OPTOISOLATOR
An Opto isolator is used to transmit either
analog or digital information from one
voltage potential to another while
maintaining isolation of the potentials. Its
operating voltage is higher than that of an
Opto coupler.
The output of the Opto isolator is used to
drive the Triac.

TRIAC
A Triac changes its state when its gate
receives a current pulse.
It is a Thyristor with a firing angle of nearly
450.
This firing angle determines the speed of
the fan.

ABOUT THE CIRCUIT


The circuit consists of a step down Transformer
(12V-0-12V).
The diodes(D1-D6) and the capacitor(C9)
constitutes the Rectifier & Filter section.
7809 is a 9V Regulator.
TSOP1738 is the infrared sensor.
Zener Diode regulates the voltage across the
sensor.
IC1 & IC3 are NE555 ICs which are wired as
Monostable Multivibrators.
IC2 is a Decade Counter.
The diodes(D7-D11) & resistors(R5-R9) along with
the Capacitor C5 controls the pulse-width of IC2.

The Transistor(BC548) along with the


Resistors R10 & R11 acts as a switch.
MCT2E is an Opto coupler.
MOC3021 is an Opto isolator.
A Snubber Network consisting of a resistor &
capacitor (R13 & C7) regulates the rate of
change of voltage across the Triac.
The Triac BT136 regulates the speed of the
fan with the variations in its firing angle.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

WORKING

Infrared receiver module TSOP1738 is used


to receive the infrared signal transmitted by
remote control.
The circuit is powered by regulated 9V.
The AC mains is stepped down and
rectified.
Pulses from the IR receiver module trigger
the timer NE555 (IC1).
IC1 is wired as a Monostable Multivibrator to
delay the clock given to decade countercum-driver IC CD4017 (IC2).

Combination of one of the resistors R5


through R9 and capacitor C5 controls the
pulse width.
NE555 timer (IC3) is wired as a Monostable
Multivibrator.
MCT2E (IC5) is wired as a zero-crossing
detector that supplies trigger pulses to
Monostable Multivibrator IC3.
MOC3021 (IC4) drives Triac BT136.
The variations in the firing angle affects the
voltage and thus the speed of the fan is
varied.

APPLICATIONS
Remote controlled Fan Regulator is used to
control the speed of fan from our bed or
couch.
The same circuit finds its use to control the
Intensity of light at various levels.
This circuit also finds it use for switching
ON and OFF of any electronic circuit.

ADVANTAGES
This circuit is simple to use and
efficient.
It can be assembled with ease.
It is cheap and hence very economic.
It is small in size.

CONCLUSION
The speed of fan & intensity of light can be
controlled in various levels from off position
to maximum intensity possible.
So it finds its use as night lamp by keeping
the intensity of lamp in low level.
The circuit also finds its use for switching
ON and OFF of any electronic circuitry.
Our normal T.V. remote can be used for this
purpose.

REFERENCES
www.howstuffworks.com
Linear Integrated circuits Gaykwad
Electronic Devices and Circuits J.
B.Gupta
www.electronicsforyou.com

THANK
YOU