Sie sind auf Seite 1von 40

Terminal Safety

Objectives
Identify

main causes
Outline terminal safety organization
State the safe working practices

Consequences of Accidents
Cost
1
2
3
4

to Individuals
Pain, loss of work, loss of income
Loss of limbs, end of working life
death, loss of breadwinner
Low morale of colleagues

Consequences of Accidents
Cost

to the port / terminal


1 Disruption of operations
2 Administrative work
3 Compensation ( individual , cargo
owner , transport owner )
4 Repair costs
5 Increased insurance costs
6 Damage to reputation

Major Danger Factors


1
2
3
4
5

Large, Heavy, Fast moving equipment


Size and activity of terminal
Mixture of equipment, vehicles and
pedestrians
24 hour working
Weather

Human Error As Cause of Accident


1
2
3
4
5
6

Not paying attention


Lack of job knowledge and skills
Taking short cuts
Showing off
Poor mental state
Poor physical state

Establishing a Company Safety


Culture
1

Set up a safety organization


2 Establish a safety policy
3 Set company safety rules and
regulations
4 Lay down safe working
procedures
5 Publish a safety handbook
6 Provide safety training

Duties of Safety Officer


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Advise management
Liaisons with outside bodies
Inspect working areas and reports
defects
Coordinates accident investigations
Analyses accidents and makes
recommendations
Keeps accident records
Assists preparation of safety procedures
and policies
Maintains a safety library

Duties Safety Representative


1

Represents staff in discussion with


management
2 Attends safety committee meetings
3 Investigates hazards
4 Investigates health and safety
complaints
5 Reports concerns and complaints
6 Inspects working areas
7 Represents staff in discussions with
health and safety officials

Responsibilities of the Safety


Committee
1

Acts as consultative committee on


health and safety
2 Reviews and improves health and
safety arrangements
3 Promotes health and safety awareness
4 Makes recommendations on hazards,
safe working etc
5 Monitors accident statistics and takes
action

Safe Working on the Terminal


Code of safe working practices

Safe Working on the container


Terminal
1
2
3
4
5

Safety by design
General safety principles
Safe access to the terminal
Safe working practices
emergencies

Segregation Principles
1

Separate operational and non


operational areas
2 separate vehicles from handling
equipment and pedestrians
3 Transport pedestrians in vehicles
4 Activate safety stops
5 Demarcate work areas
6 Separate off special work areas

Rules of General Safety


1

Obey all terminal safety rules


2 Follow all special safety instructions
3 Observe safe systems of work
4 Use all safety equipment provided
5 Do not smoke on the terminal
6 Cooperate fully on all safety matters
7 Avoid all distractions during work
8 Learn the terminal layout
9 Report all injuries immediately
10 Report all defects and hazards

Safe Access
1

Access to the quayside and vessel


2 Access to restricted operational areas
3 Access for cargo receipt and delivery
4 Access for operational and
engineering reasons

Signs

Ships Safety Notice


1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Plan of terminal
Danger warning
Keep to walkways
Use bus service
Bus timetable
Request bus service
Emergency procedure

Instruction to Drivers
See checklist

Access for Operational and


Engineering Reasons
1
2
3
4

Access for vehicle breakdown repairs


Access for retrieval and testing of
equipment
Access for civil maintenance
Access for operational reasons

Safe Working Practices


1
2
3
4
5
6

Safe equipment driving


Safe working at heights
Safe manual working
Protective equipment
Safe working conditions
Good housekeeping

Equipment Driving Rules


1
2
3
4
5

Only trained, authorized drivers


Only fit drivers
Start up checks
Drive safely
Handle cargo safely

Equipment Start Up Checks


1

Tires, windscreens, mirrors and guards


2 Condition of lifting/carrying
mechanism
3 Lights, horns, flashers
4 Fuel, Oil
5 Brakes, steering, indicators
6 Operation of lifting/carrying
mechanism
7 Clear entry with control

Safe Driving
Obey

traffic rules
Keep speed limits
Drive smoothly
Reduce speed on corners
Take weather in account
Follow marked roadways
Look where you are going
Never carry passengers
Carry all movable attachments low
Report hazards immediately
Obey safety stop immediately
If tyre punctures, stop and report
Park safely with brakes on and engine off

Handle Containers Safely


Use

correct attachment
Do not exceed safe lifting capacity
Engage attachment correctly
Allow for extra length
Carry the load low
Lift clear of stacks
Choose safe driving position

Access to Container Tops


Mobile

powered hoist
Platform or cage raised by lift truck
Mobile platform
Scaffolding tower
Ladder

Safe Working Conditions


1
2
3

Lighting levels Routes 5 lux working


areas 20 lux
Signs and markings
Work area conditions

Emergency Precautions and


Procedures
First

aid
Fire fighting
Emergency rescues
Emergency services