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Critical Regionalism

Rafael Moneo
Mario Botta
Tadao Ando
Alvaro Siza

Principles of Critical Regionalism:


Kenneth Frampton

CULTURE AND CIVILISATION


THE RESISTANCE OF PLACE FORM
TOPOGRAPHY, CONTEXT, CLIMATE, LIGHT
AND TECTONIC FORM
THE VISUAL VERSUS THE TACTILE

Jos Rafael Moneo Valls,


born in 1937
-Renowned Spanish architect who won the
Pritzker Prize in 1996.
-graduating in architecture from the Technical
University of Madrid (UPM) in 1961.
-Worked in the Denmark office of Jorn Utzon
for two years.
-1965 , established a private practice in
Madrid.
-Taught architecture at various locations
around the world --from 1985 to 1990 was the
chairman of Harvard Graduate School of
Design.

His principles
- flexibility in varying the appearance of his works
based on their differing contexts is reflected in the
way he takes on each new commission as a fresh
new exercise.

- filters his ideas through the specifics of the site,


the purpose, the form, the climate, and other
circumstances of the project.
-As a result, each of his buildings is unique, but at
the same time, uniquely recognizable as being
from his palette.

-decries the modern trend toward short-lived architecture


and attempts to emphasize the importance of creating
lasting monuments to society.

Monros projects

National Museum of Roman Art


Rhode Island School of Design's museum

Extension of the Padro Museum, Spain

Laboratory for Integrated Science and


Engineering (LISE)

Cathedral of Our Lady of the


Angels, Los Angeles

Murcia Town Hall on the Cardenal Belluga


Plaza

Kursaal Auditorium and Congress


Center

Museums of Modern Art and


Architecture

Louis kahn influence

Architect : Louis Kahn


Project : Jewish Community Center
location : Ewing Township , N.J. Year of
Construction /Design : 1954-59

Architect : Rafael Moneo


Project : San Pablo Airport
location : Seville, Spain Year of
Construction / Design : 1987-1991

Architect : Louis Kahn

Architect : Rafael Moneo

Exeter library
Murica city hall

Almost free standing elevation

National Museum of Roman Art


Mrida, Spain (1980 86 )

concept
.

the intention of the project


was to build a museum
which would offer the
people of Mrida an
opportunity to understand
the presence of the Roman
Empire in the area.

Roman theatre

amphitheatre

The
walk
way

The old road

Mrida became the most important Roman


city in Spain by the fall of the empire. Almost
completely destroyed after the Muslim
invasion, it began to recover under Arab rule. It
has endured through the centuries, and today
is a modest rural town in the province of
Extremadura.

constructed over still-buried


portion of the Roman town.

Basement floor

Ruins of old city

Ground
floor

forum
Roman house
Funeral rites
religions

Public entertainment buildings

Main
entrance

The Christian merida


Art & culture

First
floor

portrait
professions
Migratory movements
The territory of the
colony
Civic and provincial
administration
Walk way

Theatre

Double
volume

Walk way

section

Massive masonry
bearing walls
Filled with
concrete

Roman brick the


most important feature
in the architecture of
the museum

arch

Proportion and scale influence

From the outside the building tries to not


appear massive through the use of buttresses
that line the main street facade

We can see the


effect of louis
kahn in this
elevation

City Hall of Murcia


Plaza Cardenal Belluga

Jos Rafael Moneo


1991-1998

Murcia
Spain

concept
The big design challenge for Rafael Moneo was to face a modern
institutional building opposite two religious buildings of strong
historical tradition.
the square Cardinal Belluga

located in
the
historical
center of
the city.
city,the
cathedral
of the 16th
century

The
city
hall

the Episcopal Palace from 1768

Typical offices

reception

Conference
Hall

Exhibition (loggia)
Mayor
office

Meeting
room

Typical offices

Reception
room

loggia

Legislative
chamber/
lecture hall

Offices for
information
& tourism
dipartment

cafe

The material
The material used for the exterior of the
building is brick and a sandstone typical of the
Region of Murcia.

Moneo thought about a musical score for the order of the columns, and
about a glass balcony to break the symmetry, and from which the mayor
could appear to the city.

Moneo designs the building of the Town Hall


content in its role as a spectator

Creating pattern with different


elements

Exeter library
Murica city hall

Almost free standing elevation

Cathedral Of Our Lady Of Los


Angeles

General Information :
Project Name : Cathedral Of Our Lady Of Los
Angeles ( L.A Cathedral )
Architect : Rafael Moneo

Introduction :

St. Vibiana's Cathedral ,

Concept :
Give Testimony To the solidarity and compassion of the
entire Catholic community, opening its doors to
everyone. Is designed as a public space.
The play is a symbol of strength and character of a
monument undeniable.
It is a compact
building that
resembles
nothing outside
the typical images
of religious
buildings.

Several Design Requirements Where Taken


In Mind After The Phase Of The Concept :
Resistance to the passage of time .
And The characteristic of the earthquake zone.

Inside the cathedral is full of traditional


components of the architecture :
Cruciform church .
Sensitive handling of light .
Nave .
Apses .
Volumetry Of The Interior Space .

1 Entrances
2 Nave

3 Main Altar

4 Side
Chapels
5 Ambulatory

2
5
4
1

5
4

Materials :
On the outside was used concrete and
stone floors.
The roof is copper
and wood ceilings

Structure
To meet the design requirements, the building was designed to
withstand tremors of up to 8.4 degrees on the Richter scale.
Therefore, the work is implanted in the isolated site on a
floating floor so you can move up to 61 inches from its original
position in case of earthquake. Was also used in a special mix
concrete able to prevent cracks.