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Do Now

Why are some objects or


liquids more dense than
others?
Objective-Understanding
Atoms

Matter
You need to remember

that all MATTER is made


up of Atoms.
Matter has mass and
takes up space

Particles of Matter
Atoms The smallest particle of an Element that

retains the chemical properties of that element


Democritus 400 BC, a Greek philosopher that
coined the term atomos which means uncuttable,
indivisible

Atoms
All solids, liquids and gases are made up of ATOMS
To be able to understand a little more about an ATOM

think of a Drop of Water


Scientists say in 1 drop of water, there are 6 sextillion
atoms- 6x10^21 (6000000000000000000000)

Do Now
Please list the 4 parts that make up an atom
Objective: SWBAT- Understand the structure of an
Atom

What makes up a Atom?


Atoms are composed
of three types of
particles-(i.e-parts )
Neutrons
Protons
Electrons
The Neutrons and
Protons are found in
the Nucleus (which is
the heart of the Atom

Neutrons
Are found in the

nucleus of an atom
Neutrons have no
charge, They are
Neutral
The number of
Neutrons will vary
Dont be tricked its not
a negative charge,
think
Neutron=Neutral

Protons
They are also found in

the Nucleus of an atom


Protons have a positive

(+) charge
Way to remember

THINK
Proton=Positive

Electrons

Electrons are found on

the outside of the


nucleus. They orbit
around the nucleus.
They have a negative
charge (-).
The mass of an electron
is very small
The more electrons the
more negative an atom,
the less electrons the
more positive an atoms
is.

Do Now- Name the 3 parts of the atom and the charges

each give off

Electrons-They have a negative charge (-).


Neutrons- The have neutral
Protons- Have a positive
SWBAT- Know the differences between compounds

and molecules

John Dalton -1802 - The Atomic Theory


Atoms can not be broken into smaller pieces atoms are like a

solid marble (Not entirely accurate)

Compounds are always composed of whole number proportions of

elements ie CO2 Carbon dioxide, H2O Water, C6H12O6


Glucose, NaCl Table Salt (this one is true also)

The basic particle of an Element is


the Atom H, He, Fe, etc
The basic particle of a Compound is
the Molecule a group of atoms that
are chemically
bonded and act as a single unit until the
bonds are broken: CO2, H2O, C6H12O6,
NaCl

REVIEW
https://www.brainpop.com/science/matterandchemis

try/atoms/

Compounds
A Compound is a molecule that
at least 2 different elements.

Molecule
A molecule is formed when two or more atoms

join together chemically. A compound is a


molecule that contains at least two different
elements.
All compounds are molecules but not all molecules are
compounds.

Compounds
Molecular hydrogen (H2), molecular oxygen (O2) and

molecular nitrogen (N2) are not compounds because


each is composed of a single element.
Water (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane
(CH4) are compounds because each is made from
more than one element. The smallest bit of each of
these substances would be referred to as a molecule.