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LO: To build up an overview of the current global water supply

2.1 The Geography of water supply

The amount of water on Earth is fixed, less than 0.01% of the planets 1.4
billion cubic kilometres is easily accessible freshwater in lakes and rivers.
We are unable to increase world freshwater supply however we only use 50%
of the available water.
2.1 The Geography of water supply

The supply of water is very likely


to increase at higher latitudes
and in some wet tropics,
including populous areas in east
and southeast Asia. It is very
likely to decrease over much of
the mid-latitudes and dry tropics,
which are presently waterstressed areas.
Drought-affected areas will likely increase. Instances of extreme rainfall are likely to
increase in frequency and intensity, raising the risk of floods. Increases in the
frequency and severity of floods and droughts will have implications on sustainable
development.
Water volumes stored in glaciers and snow cover are very likely to decline, reducing
summer and autumn flows in regions where more than one sixth of the world
population currently live.
2.1 The Geography of water supply

Global water use has tripled since 1950 and has been increasing faster than the
worlds population. Much of the water extracted ends up wasted.

2.1 The Geography of water supply

Africa and Asia are already hard-hit by water stress. Increasing populations will
create more pressure in the near future.

2.1 The Geography of water supply

Most people without clean water live in developing countries. People in rich
countries use ten times more water each day than those in poor countries.
Two-fifths of the world's people already face serious shortages, and water-borne
diseases fill half its hospital beds.
Clean water and sanitation are getting to more and more people. But the number of
people benefiting is outstripped by the growth in human numbers.
2.1 The Geography of water supply

Last century many new dams were built. The provision of water this way has been
questioned due to human and environmental costs.

2.1 The Geography of water supply

Rapid population growth in areas where water supplies are limited, a


deterioration in water quality , and an uneven distribution of global water
supplies, means that greater numbers of people face severe water
shortages.
A world water gap exists between the haves and the have-nots.
Out of about 6.6billion people in the world:
1.4billion lack clean water supplies
2.4billion lack adequate sanitation
0.5billion face water shortages every day
These shortages lead to water stress when the
demand for water exceeds the amount available
during a certain period. Where a country water
consumption is more than 10% of its renewable
water supply its under stress.
2.1 The Geography of water supply

Where a country has less than 1000m per person per year a country has
water scarcity. This may be due to..
Physical scarcity: actual demands exceed supply
Economic scarcity: people unable to afford water even if available
2.1 The Geography of water supply

Using the following websites you are to research the stress placed
upon the countries in Europe over Water use.
http://maps.grida.no/go/collection/water-stressin-europe Water stress in Europe
http://www.eea.europa.eu/themes/water/waterresources/impacts-due-to-over-abstraction - impacts of
overuse
http://www.fao.org/nr/water/issues/scarcity.html

Produce a factsheet on water supply and demand for


south-east England + climate change