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Introducing

bekc 3653
PLC & Automation
By Nurdiana binti Nordin

Nurdiana binti Nordin


29 years

About me

B. Eng in Mechatronics (HONS) IIUM, Malaysia (2006)


M.Sc in Mechatronics, Universitt Siegen, Germany (2010)
Married + 5 years old daughter
Office : 06-5552316
Mobile : 016-2256505
Room : A2-16

Learning outcomes
and what can you expect this semester

Learning outcomes
Upon completion of the subjects,
students are able to:

explain the principles and fundamentals


of programmable logic controller (PLC)
and elements of automations system

execute PLC programs using the


common programming languages used
in industrial applications

perform proper connections between


PLC and input/output field devices.

design a basic automated PLC based


system consists of software and
hardware.

demonstrate communication skill


through team work activities effectively

Explain what PLC is

Execute PLC programs

Design system
Communicate
effectively

Lecture contents

Todays Lecture

PLC historical background


PLC definitions
PLC architecture
PLC Configuration
PLC advantages
PLC size & applications
PLC brands
PLC at FKE, UTeM

Programmable
logic
controller

What is PLC??

Intro to Programmable Logic


Controller (PLC)

PLC = Programmable Controller /


Programmable
Logic Controller

Abbreviation of PC replaced by PLC

PLC is a specialized computer designed for


use to
control machine and processes in industrial
environment

Intro to Programmable Logic


Controller (PLC)
PLC applications are found in both process

and
discrete manufacturing industries.

PLC replaced hard-wired controller (relays,


coil,
counters, timers, etc.)

Principle Operation
Replace
d the
using of
conventi
onal

relay/coil
/
counter/t
imer
hardwar
e

Historical background

Mid 1960s: replacing relays with minicomputer in


machine tool controls (Richard Moley, Bedford
Ascc.)
1968 first specifications written for programmable
controller, MODICON Model 084 incorporated

1977 Goulds PLC Division, GM Corporation

1980s micro PLC introduced, microprocessor


technology

Mid 1990s nano PLC invented, much smaller &


cheaper

Definition
a digitally operating electronic apparatus
which uses a programmable memory for the
internal storage of instructions for
implementing specific functions such as
logic, sequencing, timing, counting and
arithmetic to control, through digital or
analog input/output modules, various types
of machine or processes

by NEMA (National Electrical Manufactures Association)

Definition
as a microprocessor-based controller
that uses stored instruction in
programmable memory to implement
logic, sequencing, timing, counting, and
arithmetic control functions for controlling
machines and processes

C Architecture

Basic Architecture
PLC System

ENGG3490: Mechatronics W07. Addapted From Programmable Logic Controllers By F. D. Petruzella, McGraw-Hill

90: Mechatronics W07. Addapted From Programmable Logic Controllers By F. D. Petruzella, McGraw-Hill

PLC Architecture
3

PLC Configurations
Modular

Divided into several compartments


in which modules can be plugged
Modules slides into rack, making
electrical connection through a
backplane

Fixed

Typical of small PLCs


Processor & Ios
packaged together with
no removable units
Less flexibility

Advantages
i. increase reliability, less hard wired
ii. more flexibility, programmable, less space

iii. lower cost


iv. communications capability
v. faster response time, real time application
vi. easier maintenance & trouble shoot

PLC vs. PC

Sizes
Size of PLC depending on functionality, cost, physical size and
I/O numbers
Size
Large
Medium
Small
Micro
Nano

I/O Count
> 1024
< 1024
< 256
32
16

Application
Major types of application:

1) Single-ended
2) Multitask
3) Control management

Application : Single Ended

Involves one PLC


controlling one
process

Stand-alone unit PLC

Usually requires a
small or nano PLC

Application : Multitask

One PLC controlling


several processes

Sub-system of a larger
process

Communicates with
central PLC

Usually requires for


medium size PLC

Application : Control
Management

One PLC control


several others PLC

Proper data
communication and
program

Requires large size of


PLC

Applications

Widely adopted in
manufacturing & industrial
process

Applications

Used for both continuous and discreet application

PLC Brands
Allen
Bradley

PLC Brands
Siemens

PLC Brands
Omron

PLC Brands
Mitsubishi

PLC Brands
Keyence

PLC Brands
National Instruments
(PAC)

PLC at FKE UTeM


OMRON PLC CQM1H Training Set

16 sets, located at Makmal PLC & Kawalan


Proses, FKE, UTeM
Consists of:
CPU

Memory Unit
I/O Module
Input : 16 number (0 -15) , DC
Output : 16 number (0 -15 ),
DC & AC
Programming device
Hand console (hardware) &
CX programming (software)

Power supply

PLC Project

My 2 cents