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CATUR ANGGORO AJI SMP GANDHI NASIONAL

ELECTROSTATIC

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Daftar Isi
Listrik Statis
Hukum Coulomb
Elektroskop
Generator Van De Graaff

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Memberi Muatan Listrik


Statis
An object can be given electrostatic
charge by rubbing it to another
object
Why it can be happened?
Clearly, we need to know the model of
atom first.

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Electrostatic
Electrostatics is the study of electric charge
which is not moving
First person who did the experiment about
electrostatic is Thales(Greek)
He rub amber stone with wool then he
approached it to the feather and the
feather flew and patched to the amber
stone for a moment.

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Atom
Atom is the smallest
part of an element
which still has the
characteristic of the
element
Atom consists of smaller
particles which has its
own characteristic.
The particles are proton,
neutron in core of
atom and electron
which orbit around the
core of atom with
certain path.

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Atom
Proton has positive
charge and electron
has negative charge
while neutron has
neutral charge.
The amount of proton
and electron charge
are same.

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Atom
Neutral atom has the
same amount of
proton and electron
charge.
Atom which has
negative electric
charge if the atom
consists of many
electron then proton.
And atom which has
positive electric
charge if lack of
electron.
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Atom Netral
Neutral atom has the
same amount of
proton and
electron.

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Atom Negatif
If an atom get the
electron from
another atom so
the atom will be
overload of
electron and
become negative
charge.

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Atom Positif
If an atom lost its
electron so the
atom will lack of
electron and
become positive
charge.

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Menggosok dua jenis benda


Two certain objects if we rub them
each other so both of the will be had
electric charge.
Example: balloon with wool
Glass with silk
mica with wool
mica with silk

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Balon dengan Kain Wol


Balloon if we rub with
wool so the electron
is moving from the
wool to the balloon.
So that the balloon
has negative charge
and wool has
positive charge.

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Kaca dengan kain sutra


If we rub glass with
silk, the electron
moves from glass to
the silk.
So that the glass
becomes positive
charge and silk
becomes negative
charge.

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Menginduksi dengan Benda


Bermuatan Listrik
Beside by
rubbing, an
object can be
given electric
charge by
inducting with
another object
which has
electric charge.

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Sifat Muatan Listrik

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Sifat Muatan Listrik


Two electric charge object have
characteristic:
- if the charge is same it will
repulsive each other.
- if the charge is different it will
attractive each other
- neutral object always will be
attracted by electric charge object.
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Hukum Coulomb
Repulsive Force or Attractive Force
between two electric charge object
we call it Coulomb Force as the
award for Charles Augustin de
Coulomb, French physicist that to be
the first people who research electric
force and formulate it
mathematically.

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Hukum Coulomb
From his experiment, and the
conclusion is:
electrostatic force(attractive and
repulsive) between two electric
charge are directly proportional to
the magnitude of each electric
charge and inversely proportional to
the square of the distance between
two electric charge, it is called
Coulombs Law
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Hukum Coulomb
Coulombs law can be formulated to
be:
Q1.Q2
F=k
d
Notes: F =Coulomb Force (N)
Q = Electric charge ( c )
d = Distance between two
electric charge (m )

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Gaya Coulomb Sebanding dengan


muatan listrik
Coulomb Force
between two
charge will be
change to be
directly
proportional if
their charge is
change too.

Q1

Q1

Q2

Q2

Q1.Q2
F = Q1.Q2 F
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Gaya Coulomb berbanding terbalik


dengan kuadrat jarak kedua muatan
Coulomb Force
also will be
change if the
distance between
two charge are
change too.

d
F
d
F

d 2
F=( ) F
d

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Elektroskop
Electroscope is a
device that is used
to detect the
existence of electric
charge in an object.

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Menentukan benda
bermuatan listrik
To detect the
existence of electric
charge in an object
there is or not, we
can approach that
object to the neutral
electroscope.

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Menentukan jenis
muatan listrik suatu
benda
Jenis muatan listrik
suatu benda dapat
dilakukan dengan
cara mendekatkan
benda tersebut ke
elektroskop
bermuatan listrik

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Generator Van de Graaff


Silinder politen

Generator van de
graaff is a
generator which
produce huge
electrostatic.

Sabuk
karet

Silinder logam
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Terjadinya Petir

Lightning can be
happened because leap
of electrons from
negative charge cloud to
the ground that has
positive charge.

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Penangkal Petir
Penangkal petir
merupakan alat pengarah
petir agar petir hanya
menyambar kepadanya,
bukan ke bagian
bangunan lainnya

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Electric

Field (E) as a region of space


in which an electric charge
experiences a force.

If

an object that has electric charge is put in


a space ,so in that space will has Electric
Field.
If another object that has electric charge is
put in that space, So both of them will
experiences a force

If the electric charge is same, the Force that


will be happened is Repulsive Force.

If the electric charge is different, the Force that will be


happened is Attractive Force.

Electric Field is shown by Electric Field


Lines which the direction is away from
positive charges to negative charge.
The electric field is stronger closer to the
charge (the electric field lines are closer
together) and weaker further from the
charge (the electric field lines are further
apart).
The magnitude of the electric field at a
point as the force per unit charge
E = F/q

1.Calculate

the electrostatic force between


two charges of +6nC and +1nC if they are
separated by a distance of 3mm.

2.Calculate

the distance between two


charges of +4nC and 5nC if the
electrostatic force between them is
0,005N.

3.Calculate

the charge on two identical


spheres that are similarly charged if they are
separated by 6 mm and the electrostatic force
between them is 0,006N.

4. Charge A = 6 nC, Charge B = 1 nC


Calculate the electric field at Charge A, with
r = 3 mm.
5.Charge A = 4 nC, Charge B = -5 nC,
Calculate the electric field at Charge B
which influenced by Charge A. with r from
your answer no.2!!!!