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HYPNOSIS

CONTENT
1. What is Hypnosis
2. Common Myth about Hypnosis
3. Theoretical Background

4. Controversies
5. Hypnosis as a Clinical Tool

WHAT IS HYPNOSIS
Definition:
Hypnosis is a procedure involving cognitive processes (like imagination) in
which a subject is guided by a hypnotist to respond to suggestions for
changes in sensations, perceptions, thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.

Key Components:

A. Hypnotic Induction
B. Hypnotic Suggestions

HYPNOTIC INDUCTION
A process undertaken by a hypnotist to establish the state or conditions
required for hypnosis to occur.
Some hypnotists believe the purpose of the induction is to induce an altered
state of consciousness.
Others believe the induction is a social cue that prompts the subject to

engage in hypnotic behaviors.

HYPNOTIC SUGGESTION
The modification of unconscious thought through hypnosis, which may be useful for
specific/simple phobias, but rarely for agoraphobia, social phobia, or anxiety and
panic disorders.
Types of Hypnotic Suggestions:
A. Ideomotor Suggestions experience a motor movement.
B. Challenge Suggestions subject is told he or she will not be able to do some
particular thing and then is asked to perform the prohibited behavior.
C. Cognitive Suggestions experience changes in sensations, perceptions,
thoughts or feelings.

SUGGESTIBILITY
Hypnotic suggestibility is the general tendency to respond to hypnotic
suggestions.
Measured with scales consisting of a hypnotic induction and a series of
behavioral test suggestions.
It is a trait-like, individual difference variable a bell-shaped curve.
Suggestibility tends to be very stable over time some researchers found
that scores taken 25 years apart were correlated at r = .71.
Chevreul Pendulum

COMMON MYTH ABOUT HYPNOSIS


Some people cant be hypnotized.
You can be hypnotized to do things against your will.
Under hypnosis you will always tell the truth and could even reveal personal
secrets.
I won't remember anything the hypnotist says.
A person can get stuck in a trance forever.
Intelligent people cant be hypnotized.

A person under hypnosis is asleep or unconscious.


NONE OF ABOVE ARE TRUE

THEORIES OF HYPNOSIS
A.

Psychoanalytic Approach

B.

Neodissociation Approach

C.

Socio-Cognitive Approach

D.

Transpersonal Approach

CONTROVERSIES
The State Controversy
People enter an altered state of consciousness during hypnosis

The Trait Controversy


Is there a trait that accounts for how much or how little people respond to
hypnosis

HYPNOSIS AS A CLINICAL TOOL


A. Making direct suggestions for symptom reduction
B. Using hypnosis as an adjunct to other forms of psychotherapy

Some clinical problem be solved


Acute and Chronic Pain
Phobias
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Disorder
Performance Anxiety
Depression
Eating Disorders

REFERENCE
http://www.imdha.com/myths.php
http://www.ukhypnosis.com/2011/05/18/classical-psychoanalytic-theoriesof-hypnosis/
Wikipedia
American Health Magazine
International Medical & Dental Hypnotherapy Association