You are on page 1of 45


To compile a concise glossary of key

terms/composers/works from the medieval
To develop your understanding of the
Renaissance period in terms of the history and
To begin analysing (in pairs) renaissance sacred
and secular vocal music

IB Music
Western Art Music
Renaissance Era 1450 - 1600

Task 1

Your Glossary of medieval terms/composers

and works

Finish this please

Task 2

Bullet Point pages 78-79 (up until Sacred Music

in the Renaissance)
Only pick out the most important points!!

The Arts in the Renaissance

Shift from religious to secular


Musicians in Renaissance Society

Churches, cities, and courts
Trades of instrument building, printing, and
music publishing
Amateur musicians were emerging
from the middle and upper classes

Renaissance Musical Style

A cappella singing
Polyphony based on continuous imitation
Cantus firmus
Professional singers in church setting

Renaissance Sacred Music

Two main forms were the Motet
and Mass


Listen to Ave Maria.virgo serena

Follow the structure on page 81.
How is it different to a medieval motet?
Although secular motets were written just not as

Josquin des Prez and the Motet

Called Josquin (c. 14501521)

Italian career
Milan, Cardinal Ascanio Sforza
Ferrara, Ercole dEste
Rome, papal choir

Sacred and secular music

Josquin: Ave Maria . . . virgo serena

Renaissance motet
Combinations of voices and textures
Quotation of chant
Rest of work is newly composed
Imitative vs. homorhythmic sections
Final couplet: simple texture, example
of humanistic spirit

Task 3

Deborah and Rachel research and present an

example of a Mass
Audrey and Winston research and present an
example of a Madrigal (secular)
You may use an example from either book!
Use for choral scores
You will present in 20 mins


Research the Council of Trent

Who were they?
What did they do?
When were they working together?
Who wrote in their style?

The Mass
The Early Renaissance Mass
Mass Ordinary

Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei

Latin vs. vernacular (language of the country)

Early Masses based on Gregorian chant cantus

The Late Renaissance Mass

Martin Luther (14831546): Reformation

Counter-Reformation (1530s1590s)
Council of Trent were unhappy with;

Corruption of chant by embellishment

Use of certain instruments in religious services
Incorporation of popular music in Masses
Secularism of music
Irreverent attitude of church musicians

Pure vocal style that respected the integrity of the

sacred texts

Du Fay and the Cantus Firmus


Guillaume Du Fay (c. 1397

Burgundian composer

Burgundian School
Less complex music than
Ars nova
Use of cantus firmus (chant or
popular song)

Du Fay: L'homme arm Mass,


Popular secular tune is the cantus firmus (found in

the tenor voice)
First part of the Mass Ordinary
Non-imitative polyphonic texture (four voices)
Ternary form

The Late Renaissance Mass

Martin Luther (14831546): Reformation

Counter-Reformation (1530s1590s)
Council of Trent were unhappy with;

Corruption of chant by embellishment

Use of certain instruments in religious services
Incorporation of popular music in Masses
Secularism of music
Irreverent attitude of church musicians

Pure vocal style that respected the integrity of the

sacred texts


Mini Essay question;

Compare and contrast the sacred music of the
reformation (protestant movement) with that of
the counter reformation (Council of Trent). Use
musical examples not just the ones in Music
an Appreciation.
Probably two sides of A4.
In for Thursday 4th Dec.

Palestrina and the Pope Marcellus


Giovanni Pierluigi da
Palestrina (c. 15251594)
Called Palestrina
Italian composer, organist,
and choirmaster
Sistine Chapel Choir (Pope
Julius III)
Wrote mostly sacred music

Palestrina: Pope Marcellus Mass,


Satisfies the new strict demands of the Council of Trent

Probably performed a cappella
Written for six voice parts

Soprano (sung by boys or male falsettists)

Alto (sung by male altos or countertenors (tenors with high
Tenor I
Tenor II
Bass I
Bass II

Opens with a monophonic intonation

Choral sections are polyphonic
Text is clear and audible

Renaissance Secular Music

Music in Court and City Life

Professional musicians: courts and civic functions

Merchant class amateurs: played and sang at home

Lute, keyboard instrument

Women and music

Chanson and madrigal

Francesco Petrarch (13041373)

Pierre de Ronsard (15241585)

The Chanson

Burgundy and France in

the 15th century
3 or 4 voices
Courtly love verses
Freer poetic structures
Johannes Ockeghem,
Gilles Binchois,
Guillaume Du Fay, and
Josquin des Prez

Josquin: Mille regretz (A thousand


Last year of composers life

Four-voice texture
Language of courtly love
Pain and suffering of leaving ones beloved
Church mode
Homorhythm, imitation
Expressive text setting

Task 1

Look at the score and words of Mille Regretz

Find musical examples of expressive text setting.

The Italian Madrigal

Chief form of Renaissance secular

Italian courts
Text: short poem of lyric or
reflective nature

Includes loaded words: weeping,

sighing, trembling, dying, etc.

Music: sets text expressively

Instruments double or substitute for
the voices
Three phases of the madrigal

First phase (c. 15251550)

Second phase (c. 15501580)
Third phase (c. 15801620)

Monteverdi and the Madrigal

Claudio Monteverdi (15671643)

Renaissance and Baroque Eras
Eight books of madrigals

Monteverdi: Ecco mormorar


Courtly poem by Torquato Tasso

Exaggerated contrasts of delight and despair

Expressed musically with word painting

Images include waves, rustling leaves, birds' song,

Five-voice texture
Style inspired by the famous ensemble of
professional women singers

Concerto delle donne (Ensemble of the Ladies)

Contrast between high and low voices foreshadows
Baroque techniques

Task 2

Listen to Ecco mormorar l'onde

Listen out for the features explained on the
following slide. Do you like it?

The English Madrigal

English further developed the Italian madrigal

Thomas Morley, John Wilbye, Thomas
Weelkes, John Farmer

Musica transalpina 1588

Simpler and lighter in style

Refrain syllables (fa la la)

John Farmer (c. 15701601)

Active in 1590s in Dublin

Organist and master of choirboys at Christ

Farmer: Fair Phyllis

Cheerful mood
Sectional repetitions
Contrapuntal imitation
Contrasting texture
(homorhythmic, polyphonic)
Word painting

Instrumental Dance Music

Period of growth
Published music
Publishing centers: Venice, Paris, Antwerp
Instrumentation was unspecified

Popular dance types:


Susato: Three Dances

Set of three rondes from the 1551

Danserye collection

Performed by a loud wind band

Instrumental dances published by

Tielman Susato (c. 1515c. 1571)
Loud instruments included: shawm,
sackbut, cornetto, tabor,

Binary form (A-A-B-B)

Repeated sections with added

improvised embellishments

Transition I:

From Renaissance to
Polychoral Music in Venice

Relationship to the East

St. Marks Basilica
Choirmasters and organists
Byzantine architecture

Polychoral music
Antiphonal performance

Giovanni Gabrieli and the Polychoral


Giovanni Gabrieli (c. 15571612)

Venetian composer
Polychoral music
Dynamics indicated

Sonata pian e forte

O quam suavis (O how sweet)

Sacrae Symphoniae (Sacred Symphonies)

Two SATB choirs and instruments
Office (Vespers) for Corpus Christi
Antiphonal performance


Create 2 information sheets.

One on Medieval music and one on Renaissance
Use the slides and help sheets in the IB Folder
to help you!
They should be concise.

What we have now covered!

Medieval Music (vocal and instrumental)

Renaissance Music (vocal and instrumental)
Started our ML Investigation
Irish Folk
How to analyse music the IB way.