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Name of the Faculty: Manish Dhawan

UID: 14630
E-mail ID:

Introduction to Automation
Automation in the manufacturing industry is the
process of integrating industrial machinery to
automatically perform tasks such as welding, material
handling, packing, palletizing, dispensing, cutting,
etc., Utilizing hardware and software automation
increases productivity, safety, and profitability.
Automation as a technology that is concerned with
the use of mechanical electronic, and computer based
systems in the operation and control of operations.

Examples of Automation

Transfer lines
Mechanized assembly machines
Feedback control systems
NC machine tools
Accordingly robotics is a form of
industrial automation

Differentiate between Automation

Mechanization refers to the replacement of human power with
mechanical power of some form. The use of hand power tools is
not an example of mechanization.
Automation and mechanization are often confused with each
Mechanization saves the use of human muscles whereas
automation saves the use of human judgement.
Mechanization displaces physical labor, whereas Automation
displaces mental labor as well.
Mechanization affects one or two industries at a time.
Automation is the replacement of human thinking with
computers and machines. Automation create jobsfor skilled
workers at the cost of unskilled and semi skilled workers.
It affects many industries at the same time.

Goals of Automation

Improve the product quality and uniformity.

Minimizes cycle time and effort.
Improve productivity
Reduce human involvement
Reduce workpiece damage
Raise level of safety

Advantages of automation
Higher production rates and increased
More efficient use of materials.
Better product quality.
Improved safety.
Shorter workweeks for labour.
Reduced factory lead times.

Disadvantages of

A higher level of maintenance needed than with a

manually operated machine .
The high capital expenditure required.
Worker displacement

Name of Discipline eg. Mechanical


Reasons for automation

Name of Discipline eg. Mechanical


Name of Discipline eg. Mechanical


Applications of

The quantity and rate.

Particular phase of automation.
Skill level of workers available.
Reliability and maintenance.

Material transfer and machine

Processing operations.
Assembly and inspection.
Name of Discipline eg. Mechanical


Although some applications areas are:

Postal / Letter Sorting Machines.
Fluid Power Valves & Pumps.
Small Robotics.
Textile Machines.
CNC Milling and Welding Machines.

Name of Discipline eg. Mechanical