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PIPING

ENGINEERING
WORKS

P & ID
PROCESS & INSTRUMENTATION DIAGRAM

SHOWS FLOW OF FLUID IN THE PROCESS.


IT ALSO SHOWS VARIOUS
INSTRUMENTS,VALVES ETC. USED IN THE
SYSTEM

P & ID

LINE LIST
PROVIDES SUMMERY OF ALL PROCESS
PARAMETERS OF SYSTEM.
PROVIDES INFORMATION ON :
- SERVICE CLASS

- FLUID IN SYSTEM

- HEAD TRACING

- PAINTING

- FLUID PHASE
- OPERATING PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE
- STRESS RELIEVING REQUIREMENT
- RADIOGRAPHIC REQUIREMENT
- PWHT REQUIREMENT

LINE LIST

PIPING GENERAL
ARRANGEMENT
PROVIDES ROUTING OF PIPE WITH RESPECT TO
EQUIPMENTS AND EXISTING STRUCTURE.
INFORMATION PROVIDED :
- EQUIPMENT LOCATION & ORIENTATION
- LINES WITH LINE NUMBERS
- INSTRUMENT TAG
- ROUTING OF PIPE BETWEEN EUIQPMENTS
- LOCATION OF EXISTING EQUIPMENT &
INTERCONNECTING PIPING
- ROUTING OF PIPE BETWEEN EQUIPMENTS

PIPING SUPPORT GAD


- SHOWS TYPES OF SUPPORT AND THEIR
LOCATIONS IN THE PIPE LINE
- REFER STANDARD PIPE SUPPORT
SKETCHES - GIVEN BY CONSULTANT
- THERE CAN BE SPECIAL TYPE OF
SUPPORTS ALSO.

ISOMETRIC DRAWING
LINE DIAGRAM OF PIPING, SHOWS FOLLOWING :
- Operating and Design temperature
- Operating and Design pressure
- Insulation required

- Thermal tracing

- Hydro test pressure

- Bill of material

- Inch-dia, Inch Meter

- Piping Class

- Pipe support locations

- Service of fluid

- Points of weld, its marking

- Pipe support type

SOME SPECIFIC REQUIREMENETS


POST-WELD HEAT TREATMENT :
Normally when the pipe thickness is above 19 mm, after the
weld, the stress developed needs to be released by controlled
heating and cooling as per PWHT cycle given in ASME code
STRESS RELIEVEING
Due to bending or forming also, stress may develop in the
material, which is to be released by controlled heating.
USE OF EXPANSION BELLOWS
When hot fluid passes through pipe, it expands. To take care
of this Expand Bellows are provided at pipe line end, to
absorb the expansion.

MATERIAL TAKE OFF


- THIS DOCUMENTS GIVE THE TOTAL MATERIAL
REQUIREMENT FOR THE JOB WHICH INCLUDES
PIPES,FITTING,FLANGES,GASKETS,FASTENERS,VA
LVES,SPECIALITY ,STRUCTURE ETC.
- MAIN MTO FOR TOTAL JOB REQUIREMENT
- HYDRO - TEST MTO (AT YARD AT OFFSHORE)
- SPARES MTO (WHEN CLIENT REQUIRES)
- CONTINGENCIES CONSIDERED (DIFFERENT
FOR NEW BUILDING or REVAMP JOBS)

BALL VALVE

GLOBE VALVE

GATE VALVE

CHECK VALVE

HYDRO-TEST LOOP FILE


- SHOW ON P & ID TEST LIMIT OF LOOP
- TEST MEDIUM, TEST PRESSURE
- HOURS OF TESTING
- TEST LOCATION (YARD or OFFSHORE)
- PUNCH LIST

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
& ID AND GADs

- P & ID SHOWS THE START AND THE END


POINT OF A LINE
- GAD PROVIDES EXACT LOCATION OF
EQUIPMENT AND ROUTING OF PIPE BETWEEN
THEM

PIPE SUPPORTS
-

PROVIDE SUPPPORT SO THAT, PIPE DOES


NOT SAG OR BEND

SUPPORT LOCATIONS ARE IDENTIFIED AND


STRESS ANALYSIS OF PIPE IS
UNDERTAKEN

SUPPORT LOCATION DEPENDS ON PIPE


DIAMETER AND THICKNESS

EXPANSION BELLOW FOR PIPE FOR WHICH


OPERATING TEMPERATURE IS HIGH

VARIOUS STANDARD SUPPORTS ARE


AVAILABLE

THERE ARE SPECIAL SUPPORTS ALSO

HYDRO TESTING
-

TO CHECK INTEGRITY OF WELDED JOINTS

TEST PRESSURE = 1.5 * DESIGN PRESSURE

MEDIUM : WATER (IN GENERAL)

CONNECT SEVERAL SPOOLS OF PIPE IN


ONE LOOP

PERIOD OF TEST AS PER CODE : 4 HOURS

KEEP PIPE UNDER PRESSURE OVER THE


TEST PERIOD, THEN CHECK PRESSURE
FALL

PIPE CONNECTIONS
- BUTT

WELDING

- SOCKET WELDING
- BRAZING
- TREADED JOINTS

BRANCH CONNECTIONS
- EQUAL OR REDUCING T
- WELDO - LET
- SOCKO - LET
- ELBOW LET
- THREDO LET

N.D.T
- BUTT WELDS ARE RADIO-GRAPHED
- SOCKET WELDS ARE DIE PENETRATION
TESTED

PROPOSAL
ENGINEERING

MAJOR

STEPS OF PROCESS

DATA (BID PACKAGE, DRAWINGS, SPECIFICATIONS, DATA SHEETS ETC) RECEIVED


FROM MARKETING DEPT

STUDY BID PACKAGE : UNDERSTAND SCOPE

CONDUCT PRE - BID SURVEY

PREPARE MATERIAL TAKE OFF (MTO)

PREPARE PURCHASE SPECIFICATION &


PROVIDE TO PURCHASE DEPT TO GET
VENDOR QUOTATION

EVALUATE VENDOR &

COMMERCIAL & TECHNICAL BID ARE


EVALUATED AND ORDER IS PLACED.

HIS OFFER

DATA FROM MARKETING


DEPT
- BID PACKAGE
- P & ID
- PIPING GAD

AND LINE LIST

- EQUIPMENT LIST AND EQUIPMENT LAYOUT


- SPECIFICATION OF PIPING MATERIAL,
VALVES, EQUIPMENT
- SCOPE OF WORK
- DESIGN BASIS
- ALL APPLICABLE STANDARDS

UNDERSTANDING SCOPE OF
WORK
- STUDY BID DOCUMENT (PARTICULARLY
SCOPE OF WORK)
- STUDY THE SPECIFICATIONS
- DECIDE IF MFF IS CAPABLE TO
UNDERTAKE JOB, DECIDE MARINE SPREAD
NEEDED
- ENGG DEPT MAY RAISE TECHNICAL
QUERIES, WHOSE ANSWERS ARE TO BE
OBTAINED FROM CLIENT
- PRE BID SURVEY ALSO
UNDERSTAND SCOPE

HELPS TO

PRE BID SURVEY


- INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THE BID
PACKAGE MAY NOT BE SUFFICIENT TO
MAKE A PROPER QUOTATION.
- A SURVEY ON THE PLATFORM MAY BE
CONDUCTED TO COLLECT MORE DATA
- LOOK FOR CHANGES IN PIPE LINE, CRANE
REQUIREMENT, BARGE APPROACH,
STRUCTURAL ADEQUACY, STRUCTURAL
OBSTACLE ETC

CLARIFICATION FROM CLIENT


- TECHNICAL

QUERIES WILL BE PREPARED BY

ENGG. DEPT ON BID PACKAGE OR WHEN


SURVEY SHOWS DIFFERENCE WITH

BID

PACKAGE DATA.
- THESE QUERIES ARE RESOLVED IN THE PREBID MEETING WITH

CLIENT

PREPARATION OF MTO
- BASED ON BID PACKAGE DATA AND ON
DATA COLLECTED DURING SURVEY, A M.T.O
IS MADE
- MTO IS MADE FOR BULK PIPING ITEMS
- MTO IS MADE FOR STEEL STRUCTURAL
MATERIAL
- MTO IS MADE FOR VALVES & SPECIALITY
ITEMS ALSO

VENDOR DATA
- DATA SHEETS AND QUANTITY OF VARIOUS
EQUIPMENT ARE SENT TO PURCHASE
DEPT FOR COLLECTION OF QUOTATION
FROM VARIOUS VENDORS
- QUERIES RAISED BY VENDORS ARE
ANSWERED
- DEVIATIONS RAISED BY VENDORS ARE
EXAMINED AND DECISION PROVIDED TO
PURCHASE DEPT

QUOTATION ESTIMATION
-

BASED ON MTO PRICE IS ESTIMATED BY


MARKETING DEPT WITH SUITABLE
MARGIN

QUOTATION OF SUPPLIERS OF
EQUIPMENTS ARE CONSIDERED FOR
PRICE ESTIMATION

CONSULTANTS FEES ARE CONSIDERED

INSTALLATION CONTRACTORS PRICE


CONSIDERED

COST FOR MARINE SPREAD IS


CONSIDERED

CONSUMABLE COSTS ARE CONSIDERED

QUOTATION SUBMISSION
- MARKETING DEPT CONSIDERS ALL THE
PRICES AND ESTIMATE TOTAL PRICE OF
JOB TO BE QUOTED TO CLIENT
- INFORMATION ON TECHNICAL CAPABILITY
OF MFF IS PROVIDED
- BOTH COMMERCIAL AND TECHNICAL BID IS
SUBMITTED
- TECHNICAL CUM COMMERCIAL BID
(WITHOUT PRICE) IS OPENDED ON SPECIFIC
DATE IN FRONT OF ALL BIDDERS

QUOTATION SUBMISSION
- QUERIES OF BIDDERS ARE ANSWERED BY
CLIENT IN THE MEETING
- CONTRACTOR IS EVALUATED IN TERMS OF :
PAYMENT TERMS, EXPERIENCE OF CARRYING
OUT SIMILAR JOBS, LD CLAUSE ETC
- ON GENUINE GROUND BIDDER MAY
RESUBMIT A NEW QUOTATION IN SEALED
COVER
- PRICE BID IS OPENED AT A LATER DATE
- ONE CONTRACTOR IS SELECTED

THANK YOU