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AUTOMATIC VEHICLE OVER

SPEED CONTROLLING SYSTEM


SRI INDU COLLEGE OF
ENGINERING & TECHNOLOGY

BY

V.DEEPAK (10D41A0410)
B.SRAVAN KUMAR (10D41A0414)

INTRODUCTION

Most of the fatal or serious accidents are


associated with excessive or
inappropriate speed.
Safety will be achieved by automatic
driving controls and a growing number of
sensors both on the road infrastructure
and the vehicle itself.
The key idea offered is to use Radio
Frequency Identification (RFID)
technology to tag the warning signals
placed in the dangerous portions of the
road.

AIM OF THE PROJECT

To control the speed of the vehicles at


restricted areas in city (viz. school zone,
hospital zone) with certain speed limits
mentioned on the roads.
Here we are using RFID card reader in
identifying the speed limit mentioned on
the road, which is interfacing with the
controller.
RFID is a key role in our project.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

COMPONENTS USED IN
THE PROJECT

MICRO CONTROLLER (AT89S52)


RFID CARD
RFID CARD READER
MAX-232
DC MOTOR
MOTOR DRIVER

MICRO CONTROLLER
PIN DIAGRAM

FEATURES OF ATMEL
89S52

Compatible with MCS-51 Products


8K Bytes of In-System Programmable (ISP) Flash
Memory
Endurance: 1000 Write/Erase Cycles
4.0V to 5.5V Operating Range
Fully Static Operation: 0 Hz to 33 MHz
256K Internal RAM
32 Programmable I/O Lines
3 16-bit Timer/Counters
Eight Interrupt Sources
Dual Data Pointer
Power-off Flag

RFID

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is


a technology that uses radio frequencies
to automatically identify and track
people or objects.
RFID offers higher data storage
capacities, higher identification speeds,
and greater immediacy and accuracy of
data collection

RFID TAG

RFID WORKING AT BASIC


STAGE

At a basic level, each tag works in the same


way:
Data stored within an RFID tag's microchip
waits to be read.
The tag's antenna receives electromagnetic
energy from an RFID reader's antenna.
Using power from its internal battery or power
harvested from the reader's electromagnetic
field, the tag sends radio waves back to the
reader.
The reader picks up the tag's radio waves and
interprets the frequencies as meaningful data.

DC MOTOR

An electric motor is a machine which


converts electrical energy into
mechanical energy.
A DC motor is designed to run on DC
electric power.
When electric field passes through the
coil in a magnetic field, the magnetic
force produces a torque which turns the
DC motor.

WORKING OF A DC MOTOR
Electric current is supplied
externally through commutator
Magnetic force acts
perpendicular to both wire
and magnetic field

Current in dc motor
Torque in dc motor

Commutator reverses the


current each half revolution to
keep the torque running the coil
in the same direction

The running torque of


the motor is proportional
to magnetic field
The magnetic field is
directed from north pole
to south pole.

Magnetic field in dc motor

Magnetic force acts


perpendicular to both wire
and magnetic field
Force in dc motor

WORKING

Based on rfid principle, whenever the


rfid card reads certain frequency (speed
in this case), the vehicle speed reduces
to that limit of speed.
This limit of speed is maintained until
the frequency changes.
As soon as the vehicle crosses over the
speed limit zone, it moves with its own
speed.

POWER SUPPLY
VIN (ac)

2
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3
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Regulator
1

4
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Vout (dc)

VIN (ac)

For biasing the microcontroller 5 volts is


required and hence
this circuit is used
to get an output of 5 volts.

SOFTWARE USED
Language :
Embedded C
TOOLS:
Keil vision3.
The Keil is used to compile the program
written in embedded C and convert it
to hex file.
Express PCB.
C Source Compiler.

ADVANTAGES

Accidents are avoided at least in the speed


restricted areas such as school and hospital
zones.
Moreover it also ensures efficient
transportation of vehicles.
Restricted areas are controlled
automatically rather than manually.
Ease of checking process at high ways and
check points.
The proposed on-board architecture is
portable and easily adaptable to any
commercial car with minimal modifications.

FUTURE ENHANCEMENT

In our project, only the test vehicle


was present on the road. In normal
driving situations, we can expect
other vehicles circulating nearby and
possibly blocking or attenuating
some of the RFID transmitting
signals, especially with large vehicles
like trucks.
In this aspect, more experimentation
is needed to know how this
circumstance will affect the vehicles
control performance. A possible

CONCLUSION

The speed control of a vehicle on the road


which can help to decrease one of the
major causes of fatalities: the excessive or
inadequate vehicle speed.
since active RFID technology permits to
detect the presence and identity of the
vehicles reliably and sufficiently in
advance, so corrective actions on the
vehicles behaviour can be taken.
the vehicles speed is successfully
controlled as a result of the detection of
the signals, increasing the drivers safety.