Role of Glass in Energy Efficient

Buildings
- From the ECBC Perspective
Saint-Gobain Glass India Ltd

Structure
Building Envelope
Glass Performance Requirement
High Performance Glazing
Conclusion

ECBC

Building Envelope (Walls, Roofs, Window)
Lighting (Indoor & Outdoor)
Heating Ventilation & AC (HVAC) system
Service water heating and pumping
Electrical systems (power factor,
transformer)

Glass : Daylight for interiors .

Glass : Blending of interiors & exteriors .

Glass : building envelope light weight with better seismic performance as compared to traditional envelopes: lighter super structure and thus lighter foundation .

ECBC Compliance Approach Prescriptive: component based approach (specs given for each) Trade Off: system based approach (trade off between performance of equipment) Performance Method: Whole Building Design Analysis Approach (overall building energy efficiency) .

Key Performance Factors SHGC or SF : Solar Heat Gain Coefficient or Solar Factor U Value Light Transmission .

Total Heat Gain Electromagnetic Spectrum at Terrestrial Level TOTAL HEAT GAIN Amount of heat Transferred due to temperature difference Heat Gain due to direct solar radiation Near Infra Red UV Visible .38 .25 .78 Far Infra Red 2.50 Wave Length 50 µ .

Heat gain due to Direct solar radiation directly + re-emitted energy = Solar Factor 1# 2# incident solar radiation directly transmitted energy reflected energy re-emitted energy re-emitted energy .

Amount of heat Transferred due to temperature difference U Value Area = 1 m2 U = 5.7 W/sqm K T1 = 1oC T2 = 0oC .

Prescriptive .

Climatic zone map of India .

Compliance Requirement: Heat Gain through glazing .

4*(30+15)*2*4 16*(30+15)*2 .WWR: Window to wall ration Case 1 Case 2 15M 15M 30M 30M 800 800 2400 800 2400 800 16M WWR = 2.4*(30+15)*2*4 16*(30+15)*2 16M WWR = 2.

Compliance Requirement: Glass Light Transmission .

How do we get this performance from Glass ? .

Process of manufacturing known as pyrolysis Manufactured in a separate process (offline) by Magnetron sputtering on to raw glass .C O A T I N G Online Coating T E C N O L O G Y Offline Coating CVD Coating Manufactured during manufacturing of glass it self.

On line Coatings Technology Oldest known technology of coating the glass during the manufacturing process Coating is done by pyrolysis of gases with surface of glass at 650º C .700º C There is an covalent bond formation between and glass and coating material Coating maximum two layers .

install and maintain Disadvantages Limitation in performance Non selective coatings .On line Coatings Advantages Large production run Economical Easy to manufacture.

Off Line Coating (Soft Coating) Planar cathode Target material Anode Shielding Compartme nt walls Rollers Feeding Stacking Cleaning Coating Quality Check Backing sheet .

.

The magnets. The cathode. supplies the chamber with electrons. and cathode situated above or within the target material. The positive target ions are sputtered onto the glass . ionising it. which bombard the argon gas. forcing atoms of the target to be released into the chamber.Off Line Coating (Soft Coating) Coating Process: Argon gas is pumped into the chamber. focus the movement of the ionised argon atoms towards the target The argon ions bombard the target.

16 nm glass 200 nm .A modern glazing is a sophisticated filter nitride .100 nm Ag .54 nm oxide .10 nm oxide .54 nm Ag .11 nm oxide .40 nm oxide .

Coating.offline Advantages Better energy performance Selective coatings Large range Disadvantage Relatively more expensive .

Bestofoption would be a combination Types coatings: On Line / Hard Coatings Processability Processability Single Glazing Handling Ease Single Glazing Temperable Soft Coatings Handling Ease Off Line / Soft Coatings Performance range Performance range Variety of of aesthetics aesthetics Variety .

Conclusion .

India : a tropical country Excessive Light Excessive Heat But 20% of energy spent on artificial lighting But 35% of energy Spent on cooling Energy crisis made worse by inefficient buildings .

Conclusion: Role of High Performance Coatings in Energy Efficient Buildings Controls heat gain: minimize cooling / heating cost Controls glare: Visual comfort Daylight control: minimize artificial lighting Avoid Venetian blind hence blend interior with exteriors : leading to substantial improved productivity .

G lass & reen can go together to create reat Architectue .

Thank you .

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