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Integrated Truss

Structure
Preliminary Design Review
Aaron Kreutzjans
CP2
10/15/14
ME 597-Intro to Systems Engineering
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Agenda
Architecture Block Diagram
Cost Breakdown
Critical Functions
Test Case & Procedure
Contingency & Mitigation

Architecture Block Diagram


Integrated Truss Structure
Hardware

Software

11 Trusses
(P&S)

Active
thermal
control
logic

Solar
Arrays
Rotary
Joints
Active Thermal
Control Systems

Rails for
transportation

Sun
tracking
Power
Conditioning

Data

People

Facilities

Tools & STE

Tech Data

Training

Heat from
modules,
temp. of
ammonia
position of
arrays, size
of device
on rails

Station
Comdr

Production
& assembly,
test hanger,
ISS Main
Control
Station

Rotary joint
360 deg motion
test, power
supply
pass/fail

FCC Trouble
Shooting Fault
Trees (power
warnings, joint
motor failure,
rail overload,
truss vibration
and flexing
excedance)

Rail/Cart
movement
controls,
fault code
trouble
shooting
tasks

6 Crew
Members

Cost Breakdown
Categor
y
Item

Cost
Notes
$1,200,000,00 Approx. $300
4 Trusses w/ Arrays
0 mil/truss
Hardwa
7 Other Trusses
$350,000,000 Approx. $50 mil/truss
re
$1,000,000,00
Active Thermal Syst.
0
$200,000,000
Softwar Power Storage/Distribution
e
Active Thermal Controls
$200,000,000
Rotary Joint/Array Pass or Fail
$5,000,000
Tools/ST
Pumping Accuracy &
E
$5,000,000
Calibration

Misc. Other
$250,000,000
$3,210,000,
Total

000
4

Critical Functions
1) Provide structural support

Necessary to hold space station together

Necessary for module operation

2) Provide space station modules with power


3) Provide cooling ability

Necessary to prevent system failures to due


overheating

4) Provide sun tracking capabilities

Necessary for solar arrays to track sun


Necessary for thermal control system to remain in
shade

5 Elements of Test Case


Providing power and utilities to ISS module
1. Who: Solar arrays and batteries
2. What: Provide power
3. When: At all times
4. Where: To ISS modules through Destiny
5. Why: Necessary for all operations
6. How: Energy is generated by arrays, stored by batteries,
conditioned by generator, and distributed through lines
leading to Destiny module.

Test Procedure
Testing energy production capability:
1.Place photovoltaic solar array prototype in testing mount.
2.Install output line to digital oscilloscope.

a)Channel 1 will measure voltage


b)Channel 2 will measure current
c) Third trace will be created from multiplying current and
voltage (P=I*V) and converting to kilowatts (kw)

3.Turn on lights to simulate sunlight.


4.Allow system to run for 48 hours.
5.Analyze data from 3 trace on pass/fail basis
rd

a. If power is 20kw threshold at all times, then test is


passed.

i.

Proves 4 solar arrays at full power are able to handle the


maximum demand of 75kw

b. If power<20kw, the arrays fails.

Contingency and Mitigation Plans


Technical Risk:

Solar arrays begin generating


insufficient power after 1 year.
Mitigation Plan

1)Power distribution control software is enabled in order to


prioritize power usage.

2)Lower priority power users will be turned off (disabled) in


order to continue providing power to highest priority
users.

Contingency Plan

1) Send supplemental (spare) solar arrays to station.


2) Install additional solar arrays in order to achieve
max demand capabilities.

a)

Possible b/c of 150% expansion design constraint


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Contingency and Mitigation Plans


Cost Risk:

Reduction in power generation


capabilities results in unplanned storage of spares
costs and potential implementation costs.
Mitigation Plan

1)Propose budget increase in yearly budget planning


meetings

a) Storage facility construction


b)Missions to add arrays

2) Propose budget increase in order to repair original


arrays.

Contingency Plan

1)Use funds allocated as other for unplanned costs.


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Contingency and Mitigation Plans


Schedule Risk:

Additional arrays become


priority mission, and push back the installation of
planned experiments.
Mitigation Plan

1)Temporarily increase the number of astronauts on


space station to perform installation.

2)Remove extra astronauts and resupply resources


accordingly after installation completed.

Contingency Plan

1)Plan additional time between missions in order to


account for unplanned delays.

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