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Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross


Lapu-Lapu/Cordova
Chapter
Health Services
R. Dela Serna St.,
Poblacion, Lapu-Lapu

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

HIV and AIDS


Symposium
Lapu-Lapu City
College
Basak, LLC
11.28.14

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

July 2006

Name: Eulamy M. Obaner, RN,


EMT-B
Position: CSR-HS/SoS

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Do we need to
concern
ourselves with
HIV/AIDS?

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

2008 Global Estimated HIV


Cases

33 Million PLHIVs
Sub-Saharan
Africa*
22.0 million
[20.5 23.6 million]

South & SouthEast Asia*


4.2 million
[3.5 5.3 million]

*Regions with the highest number of actual cases


Sources:

Philippine National AIDS Council

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

July 2006

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Region

% of
Cases

2%

II

1%

III

9%

IVA

14%

IVB

1%

2%

VI

2%

VII

8%

VIII

2%

IX

2%

3%

XI

7%

XII

2%

CAR

1%

CARAGA

1%

ARMM

<1%

NCR

42%

HIV Registry: 565 reported


new cases
in the Phil. as of
Demographic Data
September 2014
September
2014

Jan-Sept
2014

Cumulative
19842014

Total Reported Cases

565

4,473

20,989

Asymptomatic Cases

510

4,067

19,077

55

406

1,912

530

4,288

18,948*

35

185

2,030*

Youth 15-24yo

167

1,267

5,456

Children <15yo

69

AIDS Cases
Males
Females

NATIONAL

EPIDEMIOLOGY

CENTE

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Geographic
Distribution

Philippine National AIDS Council

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

July 2006

Average Number of Cases per Month

NATIONAL

EPIDEMIOLOGY

CENT

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

HIV/AIDS Cases by Mode of Transmission


September Jan-Sept
Cumulative
2014
2014
N=20,989
Sexual Contact
538
4,192
19,537
Heterosexual 100(19%)
646(15%)
4,720(24%)
contact
Homosexual contact 256(48%)
2,182(52%) 9,060(46%)
Bisexual contact
182(34%)
1,364(33%)
5,757(29%)
Blood/Blood Products
0
0
20
Injecting Drug Use
26
277
988
Needle Prick Injury
0
0
3
Mother-to-Child
1
4
66
No Data Available
0
0
375
Mode of Transmission

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

At the Crossroads of an
Epidemic

The Philippines is one of ONLY


nine countries in the world
where new cases are rising
(The others are Bangladesh, Georgia,
Guinea-Bissau, Indonesia, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan, Republic of Moldova, Sri
Lanka)

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Republic Act No. 8504


Complete Title
An Act Promulgating Policies and Prescribing
Measures for the Prevention and Control of
HIV/AIDS in the Philippines, Instituting a
Nationwide HIV/AIDS Information and
Educational Program, Establishing a
Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Monitoring System,
Strengthening the Philippine National AIDS
Council, and for other Purposes

Philippine National AIDS Council

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Key Provisions of RA 8504

Article I:
Education and
Information

Everyone should be
educated on HIV and AIDS
Philippine National AIDS Council

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Article III:
Testing, screening, & counseling
Compulsory

HIV testing is
STRICTLY PROHIBITED.

HIV testing should be


voluntary and with
consent.

Philippine National AIDS Council

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Article VI:
CONFIDENTIALITY

Philippine National AIDS Council

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Article VII:
Discriminatory Acts and Policies
Persons living with HIV and AIDS cannot be denied
access to:

Employment and livelihood


Admission in schools
Travel and habitation
Elective or appointive office
Credit and insurance
Health care
Decent burial services
Philippine National AIDS Council

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

HUMAN

What Is
virus can only infect
HIV? This
human beings

IMMUNODEFICIENCY
VIRUS

The effect of the virus is to


create a deficiency (a failure
to work properly) within the
bodys immune system
This organism is a retro virus,
which means it can reproduce
itself by taking over the
machinery of the human cell

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

ACQUIRED
IMMUNE
DEFICIENCY

SYNDROME

What Is
The
infection may be
AIDS?

transmitted from one person to


another
The immune system is
compromised
The body can no longer fight off
infections; individual may
suffer from two or more
opportunistic infections
A person experiences a
collection of symptoms which
could be fatal

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

What is the difference between HIV infection


and AIDS?

HIV Infection
the virus has
successfully
entered the body
but no signs and
symptoms
AIDS - thenoted
virus
yet
has almost
destroyed the
immune system
thus signs and
symptoms appear

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

How is HIV Transmitted?

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Infected Blood and


blood products
Blood transfusion from
an HIV-infected donor &
sharing of infected
syringes and needles

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

July 2006

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

During
pregna
ncy

natural
delivery

breastfeeding

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

July 2006

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

How does a person with HIV looks like?

You cannot
determine a
persons
HIV status
just by
looking at
him/her

Philippine Red Cross

July 2006

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Hugging
Kissing
Shaking hands
Breathing the same air
( coughs & sneezes)
Sweat
Tears
Toilet seats
Food utensils
Clothes
Public baths
Mosquito bites & bed bugs

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

Stages of the HIV


Disease?
Stage IV: ADVANCED DISEASES (AIDS)
The patient experiences opportunistic infections from
bacterial, mycobacterial, fungal, protozoal, viral and
malignant sources that can cause any of the following:
Swollen glands
Mouth infections
Brain infections
Skin diseases
Lung diseases
Loss of weight

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

July 2006

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

HIV Anti-Body
Testing

A persons
HIV status
can only be
determined
through HIV
antibody
testing

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

There is NO vaccine and


NO cure for HIV. Antiretroviral medication (ARVs)
may only slow down the
replication of the virus.

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

ur
o
y
w
o
Kn !!!!
E
D
BC

ABSTINENCE: Do not have sex. In


the case of adolescents, delaying
sexual debut (age of first sexual
encounter) will help.
BE mutually faithful: Have ONE
sexual partner
Conscience and Correct Choice

DO NOT inject drugs


Education & Early detection

July 2006

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

July 2006

Until A Cure Is
Found
the only effective
prevention is NOT to
allow the virus to enter
the body

Philippine Red Cross

International Federation
of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

July 2006