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Study and reduction of conducted

emissions generated by switch


mode power supply to trigger
thyratron switch used in
high voltage pulse generation

Under the guidance and supervision of


Dr. Anita Seth
Praveen Kr. Agarwal Assistant Professor,
SO/F,
IET-DAVV
Presented By:
RRCAT
Nitish Dubey

Mr.
LSES,

Content

Aim of Project
Need of Project
Literature Review
Conducted Emission Standards
Power Supply
Instrumentation used for Measurement
Conducted Noise Measurements of Trigger Unit
EMI Filter
Calculation of LCM, LDM, CX & CY
Results
Conclusion

Aim of Project

To study the conducted emission generated by


trigger power supply.

Design of EMI filter to reduce the Conducted


emissions of Trigger Power Supply.

What are Conducted Emissions?

Need of Project

The primary reason to study and regulate conducted


emissions is to reduce electromagnetic energy that
is coupled to a products power cord and find its way
to the entire power distribution network.

These emissions effect the output and performance


of all devices connected to that power distribution
network in which they are present.

Range of radio frequency disturbance


10 kHz to 30 MHz conducted emissions
30 MHz to 1 GHz radiated emissions

Literature Review

Conducted
Emissions
Testing
For
Electromagnetic
Compatibility
P.V.Y. Jayasree et.al., EMI Filter Design for Reducing CommonMode and Differential-Mode Noise in Conducted Interference
Agrawal P.K., B.P.Das, Nakhe S.V., Conducted Noise Studies of
High Voltage Pulsed Power Supply for Copper Vapor Laser -A
case Study
Characterization and Parasitic Extraction of EMI Filters Using
Scattering Parameters
Separation of common and differential mode conducted
emission: Power combiner / splitters
Modeling and Design of EMI Noise Separators for Multiphase
Power Electronics Systems

Conducted Emission
Standards

The standards are first made by CISPR committee.

These EMC standards are adopted by governmental


regulatory agencies around the world like FCC (USA), BSI
(British Standard Institute), VDE (Germany), EN (EuroNorms), VCCI (Japan) etc.

The standards are again classified as Class A (Products


used in establishment other than domestic areas) and
Class B (Products suitable for use in domestic
establishments).

Power Supply

The power supply used is a trigger unit.

This power supply is very critical for operation of


Thyratron switch.

This power supply is operated in two modes internal


mode (INT, internal oscillator) and external mode
(EXT, through fiber optical cable or electrical signal).

This power supply is chosen for our study as it


generates lot of conducted emission.

Instruments used for conducted


noise measurement
1.

LISN (Line Impedance


Stabilizing Network)
LISN prevents the noise
generated by EUT to enter
into the mains which may
affect the other equipment
connected on the same
mains.

2.

SA (Spectrum Analyzer)
Spectrum analyzer is used
to displays the spectral
distribution
of
noise
voltage with respect to
frequency or RF energy.
Spectrum analyzer works
on
super-heterodyne
principle.

CONDUCTED NOISE
MEASUREMENTS OF TRIGGER
UNIT
Measurement
Setup

CONDUCTED NOISE
MEASUREMENTS OF TRIGGER
UNIT

Actual photograph of test setup used to test trigger unit

CONDUCTED NOISE
MEASUREMENTS OF TRIGGER
UNIT
Noise during internal mode of operation

Avera
ge

Quasi
Peak

CONDUCTED NOISE
MEASUREMENTS OF TRIGGER
UNIT

Separation of CM and DM noise from total noise in INT mode

From the above graph we can see that CM noise is greater than
So, first we design CM filter.

EMI Filter

Circuit diagram of EMI filter with LISN

Equivalent circuit of CM filter in AC line

Equivalent circuit of CM filter in AC line

Calculation of LCM, LDM, CX &


CY
IL (required) = V noise (dBV) V limit
(dBV)
IL for CM filter is 30 dBV at 350 kHz
IL for DM filter is 20 dBV at 150 kHz

CY = 1.1 nF (two 2.2 nF capacitors are in series) acc. to standar

LCM = 3.17 mH at 62.23 kHz


L

leakage

=L

DM

= 200 H

CX = 72 nF
For high attenuation we choose CX = 100 nF.

Results

Average

Quasi peak

Results

CM Noise

DM Noise

Conclusion

EMI filter design for common mode and


differential mode filter was taken up and
implemented.

The insertion loss was more by 40 dBV at 350


kHz frequency for CM and 25 dB at 150 kHz for
DM.

The conducted noise generated by trigger unit is


reduced to below limit line of EN 55011 class A
(average)