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What Oprah Can (or

Cant) Teach You About


Red Pandas
Ryan Smith
Bioethics Per. 2

Abstract
Red Pandas can be found in the Temperate
Deciduous Forest
Red Pandas are a vulnerable species
There are many benefits of having Red
Pandas in zoos

Ailurus fulgens

Animal Sound
www.youtube.com
/watch?v=XrVc5u
tGl7w

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Red_Panda_in_a_Tree_Y_A_W_N_I_N_G!.jpg

(csi4ensics, 2010)

Biome
o Temperate
Deciduous Forest
o Located in Central
Asia
Yearly Average
Precipitation
o 30-60
Yearly Average
Temperature
o 50
(Connie T. 2001)

http://biomesduff.wikispaces.com/Temperate+Deciduous+Forest+period+8

Red Pandas do not move


around often. The live
their lives mostly in trees,
and mate with pandas
from neighboring trees
The light yellow portion of
the map shows the
territory of the animals
range
http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/red-panda/

(Red Pandas, Red Panda Pictures, Red Panda Facts - National Geographic)

Back in 2001, there


were 18,000 red
pandas in the world.
Subsequently, in
2009, there were
only 2000 red
pandas in the world.
Red Pandas are a
vulnerable species
http://ge09d-geography-2010.wikispaces.com/file/view/Red_Panda_Decline_
Graph.jpg/123002279/628x385/Red_Panda_Decline_Graph.jpg

(Red Pandas, Red Panda Pictures, Red Panda Facts - National Geographic)

The pandas use their ringed tails as wraparound


blankets in the chilly mountain heights.

(Red Pandas, Red Panda Pictures, Red Panda Facts - National Geographic)
(Coolnews.TV, 2011)

These pandas typically grow to the size of a house cat

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:RedPandaFullBody.JPG

(Red Pandas, Red Panda Pictures, Red Panda Facts - National Geographic)

Benefits of Red Pandas in Zoos


o Pleasing manner attracts zoo visitors
o Knowledge gained from keeping red pandas in captivity can
raise more interest in saving them.
Drawbacks of Red Pandas in Zoos
o Small Enclosure
o They are not placed in optimal areas of the zoo

(Zidar, 2008)

Survey Results
1. When was the last time
you went to the zoo?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

never- 2%
when i was a child- 24%
within the last 5 years 29%
within the last year- 29%
within the last 6 months -16%

2. Under what
circumstances is it
ethical to keep wild
animals in captivity?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.

for zoos- 29%


for aquariums- 16%
for circuses- 3%
for personal use- 5%
none of the above41%
all of the above- 21%

3. What do you think is


the primary purpose
of zoos and
aquariums?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

educational purposes
9%
research purposes 9%
entertainment
purposes 9%
conservation 12%
money and business

Survey Results
4. Where do you believe
is the best place for
exotic and endangered
animals?
a.
b.
c.
d.

the zoo- 2%
in their natural habitat31%
in a natural reserve- 65%
no opinion- 2%

Survey Results
5. What is your
favorite animal
exhibit?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

bugs- 0%
mammals- 65%
birds- 8%
fish- 21%
reptiles/amphibians-

6. How do you feel


about animals in
captivity?
a.
b.
c.

d.

I dont like the idea of


it- 11%
I believe it is a
positive- 2%
I believe that it is a
positive thing
sometimes- 74%
no opinion- 6%

Abnormal Repetitive Behavior


o

There are three types of ARB;


1. Recurrent perseveration - repetitive motor behavior that serves no
adaptive purpose, no proximate function, and has no cognitive input;
2. Stuck-in-set perseveration - repetitive goal-directed behavior that has no
adaptive purpose but does effectively alter the environment; and
3. Limbic perseveration repetitive behavior that results from cognitive
abnormalities.

Attempts from zoos to alleviate stress


o Creating a more realistic area for the animal
o Behavioral Engineering
o Stimulating the animals hunting or gathering senses
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RkvdpkN24mM&list=UUhytyJ_hzDsLRKgAqm4fU_w

(Kalueff, 2009) (Stereotypic Movements in Zoo Animals)

Red Pandas should be kept in zoos


o Zoos have lots of enrichment programs for them
and the pandas are very stimulated in the zoo.
o They attract a large audience and create more
revenue for the zoo
o Having red pandas in the zoo gives people a better
understanding of them, giving forth more ways to
improve their way of living in the wild and in the
zoo.
o There are some parts that should be changed, but
overall, zoos are great places for red pandas

This position represents the


ethical perspective of
Outcomes
o

Even though parts of the zoo


experience may be less than
desired, the welfare of the species
as a whole is being improved.
The zoo is also getting a benefit
from having them in the zoo. Even
though they are keeping the red
panda from being in the wild, It is
still helpful.

http://www.timesfreepress.com/news/
2011/feb/08/chattanooga-zoo/

Reference List
Coolnews.TV (2011, May 28) Very Rare Footage of the Red Panda in a Wild! COOLNEWS.TV
retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oEn_eDcxLxo
csi4ensics (2010, June 10) Red panda call retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=XrVc5utGl7w
Kalueff, A. V. (2009). ANALYSIS OF ABNORMAL REPETITIVE BEHAVIORS IN EXPERIMENTAL
ANIMAL MODELS. Retrieved May 8, 2014, from http://www.kaluefflab.com/:
http://www.kaluefflab.com/pdfs/chapters/TransNeuroAdvAnimalResearchEthics(Hart&AVK).pdf
Red Pandas, Red Panda Pictures, Red Panda Facts - National Geographic. (n.d.). Retrieved May
8, 2014, from National Geographic:
http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/red-panda/
Stereotypic Movements in Zoo Animals. (n.d.). Retrieved May 8, 2014, from University of
Saskatchewan: http://www.usask.ca/wcvm/herdmed/appliedethology/behaviourproblems/zooanim.html
T., C. (2001). Deciduous Forest Biome. Retrieved May 8, 2014, from Blue Planet Biomes:
http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/deciduous_forest.htm
Zidar, J. (2008). Keeping Red Pandas in Captivity. Retrieved May 8, 2014, from Epsilon
Undergraduate Theses Archive: http://exepsilon.slu.se:8080/archive/00003445/01/Studentarbete_197.pdf